Table 6. Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for CBSA of Origin: 2002

Table 6. Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for CBSA of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All Commodities

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 119,777 100.0 152,412 100.0 31,752 100.0 357
Single modes 109,033 91.0 150,001 98.4 30,285 95.4 257
Truck2 104,772 87.5 134,965 88.6 20,828 65.6 218
Rail 2,845 2.4 8,869 5.8 4,449 14.0 884
All other Single modes 1,416 1.2 S S S S 1,334
Multiple modes 8,135 6.8 828 0.5 782 2.5 539
Parcel, USPS or courier 7,448 6.2 220 0.1 130 0.4 536
All other Multiple modes 687 0.6 S S S S 1,824
Other and unknown modes 2,608 2.2 1,583 1.0 685 2.2 123

SCTG 01-05, Agriculture products and fish

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 4,754 100.0 S S S S S
Single modes 4,706 99.0 S S S S S
Truck2 4,626 97.3 S S S S S
Rail 46 1.0 285 1.4 197 7.1 786
All other Single modes S S S S S S 731
Multiple modes S S S S S S 397
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 397
All other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 44 0.9 S S 37 1.3 283

SCTG 06-09, Grains, alcohol, and tobacco products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 9,435 100.0 7,688 100.0 2,694 100.0 159
Single modes 9,099 96.4 7,501 97.6 2,501 92.8 140
Truck2 9,024 95.6 6,959 90.5 2,052 76.2 140
Rail 52 0.5 S S 87 3.2 853
All other Single modes S S S S S S 999
Multiple modes 309 3.3 136 1.8 178 6.6 901
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 841
All other Multiple modes 283 3.0 135 1.8 178 6.6 1,576
Other and unknown modes 26 0.3 S S S S 131

SCTG 10-14, Stones, non-metallic minerals, and metallic ores

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 596 100.0 51,675 100.0 2,275 100.0 S
Single modes 530 89.0 51,159 99.0 1,931 84.9 S
Truck2 513 86.2 50,890 98.5 1,847 81.2 S
Rail S S S S S S 315
All other Single modes
Multiple modes S S S S S S 561
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 426
All other Multiple modes S S S S S S 784
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 404

SCTG 15-19, Coal and petroleum products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 3,469 100.0 13,231 100.0 1,339 100.0 82
Single modes 3,468 100.0 13,231 100.0 1,339 100.0 66
Truck2 3,436 99.1 12,204 92.2 877 65.5 66
Rail S S S S S S 451
All other Single modes
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,009
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,009
All other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 59

SCTG 20-24, Pharmaceutical and chemical products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 17,669 100.0 6,689 100.0 3,518 100.0 213
Single modes 13,438 76.1 6,505 97.3 3,424 97.3 162
Truck2 12,433 70.4 4,574 68.4 2,210 62.8 151
Rail S S 1,908 28.5 1,213 34.5 548
All other Single modes S S S S S S 1,146
Multiple modes S S 80 1.2 78 2.2 S
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S S
All other Multiple modes 73 0.4 S S 59 1.7 1,646
Other and unknown modes 512 2.9 S S S S 52

SCTG 25-30, Logs, wood products, and textile and leather

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 17,545 100.0 12,774 100.0 4,829 100.0 470
Single modes 16,440 93.7 12,604 98.7 4,736 98.1 383
Truck2 15,387 87.7 11,238 88.0 3,622 75.0 260
Rail 586 3.3 1,294 10.1 1,024 21.2 763
All other Single modes S S S S S S 1,211
Multiple modes 1,005 5.7 122 1.0 85 1.8 645
Parcel, USPS or courier 980 5.6 S S S S 645
All other Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,917
Other and unknown modes 100 0.6 47 0.4 8 0.2 S

SCTG 31-34, Base metal and machinery

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 21,080 100.0 18,152 100.0 4,064 100.0 373
Single modes 19,327 91.7 17,783 98.0 3,857 94.9 206
Truck2 18,626 88.4 S S 3,223 79.3 191
Rail 542 2.6 S S 597 14.7 889
All other Single modes 159 0.8 S S S S 1,356
Multiple modes 1,195 5.7 126 0.7 105 2.6 725
Parcel, USPS or courier 1,010 4.8 36 0.2 23 0.6 725
All other Multiple modes 186 0.9 S S S S 1,200
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 211

SCTG 35-38, Electronic, motorized vehicles, and precision instruments

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 20,318 100.0 4,391 100.0 2,493 100.0 416
Single modes 18,436 90.7 4,179 95.2 2,318 93.0 371
Truck2 18,281 90.0 4,170 95.0 2,305 92.5 363
Rail S S S S S S 664
All other Single modes 154 0.8 S S S S 1,216
Multiple modes S S S S S S 599
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 596
All other Multiple modes S S S S S S 3,405
Other and unknown modes 833 4.1 172 3.9 S S S

SCTG 39-43, Furniture, mixed freight and misc manufactured products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 24,706 100.0 17,201 100.0 7,641 100.0 604
Single modes 23,400 94.7 16,577 96.4 7,319 95.8 404
Truck2 22,264 90.1 8,698 50.6 2,285 29.9 316
Rail S S S S S S 1,483
All other Single modes S S S S S S 1,641
Multiple modes 776 3.1 30 0.2 27 0.4 922
Parcel, USPS or courier 764 3.1 27 0.2 23 0.3 915
All other Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,792
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 190

Commodity Unknown

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 206 100.0 S S S S 273
Single modes 188 91.2 S S S S S
Truck2 182 88.1 S S S S S
Rail S S S S S S 440
All other Single modes
Multiple modes S S S S S S 647
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 647
All other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 486

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private Truck, only for-hire Truck, or combination of private Truck and for-hire Truck.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.
Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Metropolitan Data, December 2004.