Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for CBSA of Origin: 2002

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for CBSA of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 159,716 100.0 417,851 100.0 105,227 100.0
Less than 50 miles 51,984 32.5 203,790 48.8 3,167 3.0
50 to 99 miles 14,171 8.9 54,381 13.0 4,835 4.6
100 to 249 miles 30,412 19.0 62,694 15.0 12,900 12.3
250 to 499 miles 23,078 14.4 45,390 10.9 18,045 17.1
500 to 749 miles 9,631 6.0 11,636 2.8 8,856 8.4
750 to 999 miles 12,987 8.1 19,241 4.6 20,321 19.3
1,000 to 1,499 miles 13,467 8.4 17,251 4.1 29,701 28.2
1,500 to 1,999 miles 3,763 2.4 3,240 0.8 6,842 6.5
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 150,254 100.0 398,951 100.0 102,759 100.0
Less than 50 miles 48,512 32.3 188,043 47.1 3,049 3.0
50 to 99 miles 13,404 8.9 53,869 13.5 4,759 4.6
100 to 249 miles 28,652 19.1 61,945 15.5 12,780 12.4
250 to 499 miles 22,069 14.7 44,568 11.2 17,629 17.2
500 to 749 miles 8,984 6.0 11,310 2.8 8,509 8.3
750 to 999 miles 12,445 8.3 18,999 4.8 20,002 19.5
1,000 to 1,499 miles 12,568 8.4 17,057 4.3 29,375 28.6
1,500 to 1,999 miles 3,420 2.3 2,932 0.7 6,104 5.9
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Truck2

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 115,371 100.0 234,422 100.0 38,714 100.0
Less than 50 miles 37,698 32.7 133,076 56.8 2,063 5.3
50 to 99 miles 11,486 10.0 33,958 14.5 2,930 7.6
100 to 249 miles 24,307 21.1 35,424 15.1 6,761 17.5
250 to 499 miles 14,892 12.9 13,706 5.8 5,725 14.8
500 to 749 miles 6,886 6.0 5,539 2.4 4,054 10.5
750 to 999 miles 7,935 6.9 5,366 2.3 5,524 14.3
1,000 to 1,499 miles 9,220 8.0 5,417 2.3 7,737 20.0
1,500 to 1,999 miles 2,792 2.4 1,720 0.7 3,401 8.8
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 10,686 100.0 58,780 100.0 25,865 100.0
Less than 50 miles 507 4.7 S S S S
50 to 99 miles 690 6.5 S S S S
100 to 249 miles 1,344 12.6 12,468 21.2 3,015 11.7
250 to 499 miles 1,333 12.5 5,681 9.7 2,953 11.4
500 to 749 miles 1,645 15.4 4,047 6.9 3,352 13.0
750 to 999 miles 2,281 21.3 4,444 7.6 5,130 19.8
1,000 to 1,499 miles 2,533 23.7 5,428 9.2 8,296 32.1
1,500 to 1,999 miles 338 3.2 600 1.0 1,290 5.0
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

All other Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 24,196 100.0 105,749 100.0 38,181 100.0
Less than 50 miles 10,307 42.6 44,208 41.8 598 1.6
50 to 99 miles 1,229 5.1 4,568 4.3 411 1.1
100 to 249 miles 3,002 12.4 14,053 13.3 3,004 7.9
250 to 499 miles 5,844 24.2 25,181 23.8 8,952 23.4
500 to 749 miles S S S S S S
750 to 999 miles 2,229 9.2 9,189 8.7 9,348 24.5
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 3,637 100.0 2,299 100.0 2,099 100.0
Less than 50 miles S S 64 2.8 1
50 to 99 miles 315 8.7 S S S S
100 to 249 miles 381 10.5 S S S S
250 to 499 miles 446 12.3 S S S S
500 to 749 miles 426 11.7 S S S S
750 to 999 miles 420 11.6 S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles 796 21.9 156 6.8 265 12.6
1,500 to 1,999 miles 312 8.6 S S S S
2,000 miles or more 22 0.6 S S S S

Parcel, USPS or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 2,973 100.0 134 100.0 90 100.0
Less than 50 miles S S 29 21.5 S S
50 to 99 miles 250 8.4 10 7.3 1 1.0
100 to 249 miles 366 12.3 15 11.4 3 3.2
250 to 499 miles 363 12.2 18 13.2 7 8.1
500 to 749 miles 354 11.9 16 11.8 12 12.8
750 to 999 miles 307 10.3 15 11.4 16 18.0
1,000 to 1,499 miles 606 20.4 25 18.8 38 41.9
1,500 to 1,999 miles 216 7.3 6 4.1 11 12.2
2,000 miles or more 18 0.6 S S 1 1.7

All other Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 663 100.0 2,164 100.0 2,009 100.0
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles S S S S S S
500 to 749 miles S S S S S S
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles 190 28.7 130 6.0 228 11.3
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 5,826 100.0 16,600 100.0 369 100.0
Less than 50 miles 2,954 50.7 15,682 94.5 116 31.5
50 to 99 miles S S 73 0.4 7 1.8
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles S S S S S S
500 to 749 miles S S S S S S
750 to 999 miles S S 13 14 3.8
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private Truck, only for-hire Truck, or combination of private Truck and for-hire Truck.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.
Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Metropolitan Data, December 2004.