Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for CBSA of Origin: 2002

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for CBSA of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 10,635 100.0 45,708 100.0 15,729 100.0
Less than 50 miles 1,789 16.8 22,241 48.7 611 3.9
50 to 99 miles 535 5.0 4,161 9.1 551 3.5
100 to 249 miles 681 6.4 2,255 4.9 498 3.2
250 to 499 miles 2,383 22.4 8,889 19.4 5,290 33.6
500 to 749 miles 2,742 25.8 6,220 13.6 5,937 37.7
750 to 999 miles 246 2.3 919 2.0 1,089 6.9
1,000 to 1,499 miles 847 8.0 711 1.6 1,093 7.0
1,500 to 1,999 miles 1,063 10.0 255 0.6 512 3.3
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 8,686 100.0 37,394 100.0 15,058 100.0
Less than 50 miles 1,618 18.6 14,507 38.8 540 3.6
50 to 99 miles 509 5.9 4,145 11.1 550 3.6
100 to 249 miles 587 6.8 2,246 6.0 496 3.3
250 to 499 miles 2,023 23.3 8,839 23.6 5,259 34.9
500 to 749 miles 2,204 25.4 5,823 15.6 5,561 36.9
750 to 999 miles 184 2.1 898 2.4 1,056 7.0
1,000 to 1,499 miles 469 5.4 642 1.7 983 6.5
1,500 to 1,999 miles 830 9.6 242 0.6 482 3.2
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Truck2

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 7,749 100.0 22,640 100.0 4,380 100.0
Less than 50 miles 1,617 20.9 14,497 64.0 539 12.3
50 to 99 miles 454 5.9 1,922 8.5 206 4.7
100 to 249 miles 563 7.3 1,925 8.5 404 9.2
250 to 499 miles 1,585 20.4 2,196 9.7 941 21.5
500 to 749 miles 2,026 26.1 1,199 5.3 890 20.3
750 to 999 miles 154 2.0 239 1.1 258 5.9
1,000 to 1,499 miles 460 5.9 S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles 653 8.4 241 1.1 482 11.0
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 434 100.0 13,798 100.0 10,082 100.0
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles 25 5.7 1,417 10.3 279 2.8
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles 240 55.2 6,643 48.1 4,318 42.8
500 to 749 miles 130 29.9 4,475 32.4 4,142 41.1
750 to 999 miles 12 2.8 660 4.8 797 7.9
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more

All other Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances S S 956 100.0 S S
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles S S S S S S
500 to 749 miles 48 9.6 S S S S
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles 6 1.1 S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 1,654 100.0 S S S S
Less than 50 miles 21 1.3 2 0.4
50 to 99 miles 16 1.0 1 0.2
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles 347 21.0 S S S S
500 to 749 miles 454 27.5 S S S S
750 to 999 miles 60 3.6 S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles 376 22.7 S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles 230 13.9 10 2.4 S S
2,000 miles or more 87 5.2 S S S S

Parcel, USPS or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 1,579 100.0 42 100.0 41 100.0
Less than 50 miles 21 1.3 1 2.9
50 to 99 miles 16 1.0 1 2.5 0.2
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles 345 21.9 S S S S
500 to 749 miles 440 27.9 S S S S
750 to 999 miles 59 3.7 1 3.0 1 3.6
1,000 to 1,499 miles 346 21.9 5 12.6 8 20.4
1,500 to 1,999 miles 204 12.9 6 13.9 12 29.7
2,000 miles or more 84 5.3 1 3.0 3 6.9

All other Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles S S S S S S
500 to 749 miles S S S S S S
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 294 100.0 7,880 100.0 183 100.0
Less than 50 miles 150 50.8 7,732 98.1 72 39.2
50 to 99 miles 9 3.2 15 0.2 1 0.8
100 to 249 miles 31 10.5 S S S S
250 to 499 miles S S S S S S
500 to 749 miles S S S S S S
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles 2 0.7 S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private Truck, only for-hire Truck, or combination of private Truck and for-hire Truck.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.
Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Metropolitan Data, December 2004.