Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for CBSA of Origin: 2002

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for CBSA of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 64,491 100.0 133,619 100.0 26,101 100.0
Less than 50 miles 11,300 17.5 68,724 51.4 1,430 5.5
50 to 99 miles 5,761 8.9 11,612 8.7 1,299 5.0
100 to 249 miles 17,989 27.9 26,914 20.1 7,361 28.2
250 to 499 miles 15,879 24.6 21,494 16.1 10,621 40.7
500 to 749 miles 5,329 8.3 2,719 2.0 2,228 8.5
750 to 999 miles 2,950 4.6 1,235 0.9 1,295 5.0
1,000 to 1,499 miles 1,743 2.7 393 0.3 536 2.1
1,500 to 1,999 miles 1,164 1.8 131 0.1 271 1.0
2,000 miles or more 2,376 3.7 397 0.3 1,059 4.1

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 57,982 100.0 132,564 100.0 25,819 100.0
Less than 50 miles 10,531 18.2 68,263 51.5 1,422 5.5
50 to 99 miles 5,191 9.0 11,275 8.5 1,242 4.8
100 to 249 miles 16,958 29.2 26,811 20.2 7,333 28.4
250 to 499 miles 14,185 24.5 21,429 16.2 10,591 41.0
500 to 749 miles 4,670 8.1 2,689 2.0 2,207 8.5
750 to 999 miles 2,603 4.5 1,223 0.9 1,283 5.0
1,000 to 1,499 miles 1,336 2.3 385 0.3 525 2.0
1,500 to 1,999 miles 732 1.3 127 0.1 262 1.0
2,000 miles or more 1,776 3.1 363 0.3 952 3.7

Truck2

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 55,165 100.0 92,477 100.0 10,435 100.0
Less than 50 miles 10,342 18.7 63,140 68.3 1,113 10.7
50 to 99 miles 5,150 9.3 10,028 10.8 1,008 9.7
100 to 249 miles 16,152 29.3 10,512 11.4 2,193 21.0
250 to 499 miles 12,913 23.4 5,677 6.1 2,559 24.5
500 to 749 miles 4,428 8.0 1,532 1.7 1,126 10.8
750 to 999 miles 2,456 4.5 747 0.8 765 7.3
1,000 to 1,499 miles 1,285 2.3 362 0.4 487 4.7
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S 127 0.1 262 2.5
2,000 miles or more 1,709 3.1 353 0.4 924 8.9

Rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 1,731 100.0 39,711 100.0 15,328 100.0
Less than 50 miles 148 8.6 4,906 12.4 297 1.9
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles 652 37.7 16,151 40.7 5,111 33.3
250 to 499 miles 745 43.0 15,746 39.7 8,028 52.4
500 to 749 miles 96 5.5 1,155 2.9 1,079 7.0
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

All other Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 1,085 100.0 S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles S S 6 1.5 4 7.5
500 to 749 miles 145 13.4 S S S S
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more 54 5.0 1 0.2 2 4.1

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 5,243 100.0 427 100.0 226 100.0
Less than 50 miles 216 4.1 S S
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles 757 14.4 S S S S
250 to 499 miles 1,457 27.8 39 9.2 18 7.8
500 to 749 miles 612 11.7 20 4.7 15 6.5
750 to 999 miles 344 6.6 11 2.6 11 4.9
1,000 to 1,499 miles 389 7.4 7 1.6 10 4.3
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S 4 0.8 7 3.3
2,000 miles or more 594 11.3 33 7.8 103 45.7

Parcel, USPS or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 5,120 100.0 128 100.0 96 100.0
Less than 50 miles 181 3.5 S S 0.1
50 to 99 miles S S 4 3.5 0.5
100 to 249 miles 723 14.1 23 18.1 5 5.1
250 to 499 miles 1,457 28.5 39 30.8 18 18.4
500 to 749 miles 612 12.0 20 15.7 15 15.4
750 to 999 miles 344 6.7 11 8.6 11 11.5
1,000 to 1,499 miles 389 7.6 7 5.5 10 10.1
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S 4 2.8 7 7.8
2,000 miles or more 554 10.8 11 8.8 30 31.2

All other Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 123 100.0 S S 131 100.0
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more 41 33.1 S S 74 56.3

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 1,266 100.0 S S 56 100.0
Less than 50 miles 553 43.7 S S S S
50 to 99 miles 84 6.7 S S S S
100 to 249 miles 274 21.6 51 8.2 S S
250 to 499 miles 236 18.7 S S S S
500 to 749 miles 47 3.7 10 1.6 7 11.6
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private Truck, only for-hire Truck, or combination of private Truck and for-hire Truck.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.
Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Metropolitan Data, December 2004.