Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for CBSA of Origin: 2002

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for CBSA of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 48,260 100.0 199,617 100.0 32,819 100.0
Less than 50 miles 13,228 27.4 S S S S
50 to 99 miles 8,279 17.2 46,241 23.2 4,672 14.2
100 to 249 miles 9,361 19.4 21,150 10.6 4,792 14.6
250 to 499 miles 2,505 5.2 3,545 1.8 1,553 4.7
500 to 749 miles 2,885 6.0 2,047 1.0 1,617 4.9
750 to 999 miles 2,970 6.2 3,555 1.8 4,060 12.4
1,000 to 1,499 miles 2,235 4.6 S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles 3,905 8.1 2,307 1.2 5,034 15.3
2,000 miles or more 2,892 6.0 1,509 0.8 4,318 13.2

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 42,981 100.0 187,378 100.0 31,174 100.0
Less than 50 miles 12,407 28.9 S S S S
50 to 99 miles 7,799 18.1 45,078 24.1 4,538 14.6
100 to 249 miles 8,480 19.7 20,693 11.0 4,708 15.1
250 to 499 miles 2,196 5.1 3,303 1.8 1,437 4.6
500 to 749 miles 2,408 5.6 2,027 1.1 1,601 5.1
750 to 999 miles 2,629 6.1 3,460 1.8 3,946 12.7
1,000 to 1,499 miles 1,837 4.3 S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles 3,069 7.1 2,134 1.1 4,638 14.9
2,000 miles or more 2,157 5.0 1,303 0.7 3,723 11.9

Truck2

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 31,282 100.0 S S 12,699 100.0
Less than 50 miles 9,237 29.5 S S S S
50 to 99 miles 4,186 13.4 9,103 8.4 866 6.8
100 to 249 miles 6,238 19.9 7,575 7.0 1,586 12.5
250 to 499 miles 1,982 6.3 1,918 1.8 899 7.1
500 to 749 miles 2,148 6.9 1,169 1.1 870 6.9
750 to 999 miles 1,894 6.1 1,349 1.2 1,501 11.8
1,000 to 1,499 miles 1,370 4.4 823 0.8 1,232 9.7
1,500 to 1,999 miles 2,431 7.8 1,213 1.1 2,521 19.9
2,000 miles or more 1,797 5.7 744 0.7 2,095 16.5

Rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 4,304 100.0 24,957 100.0 11,311 100.0
Less than 50 miles 1,954 45.4 14,739 59.1 78 0.7
50 to 99 miles 24 0.5 131 0.5 16 0.1
100 to 249 miles 349 8.1 S S S S
250 to 499 miles 124 2.9 S S S S
500 to 749 miles 223 5.2 827 3.3 705 6.2
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles 197 4.6 S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles 534 12.4 820 3.3 1,919 17.0
2,000 miles or more 317 7.4 538 2.2 1,567 13.9

All other Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 7,395 100.0 53,602 100.0 7,164 100.0
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles 3,589 48.5 35,844 66.9 S S
100 to 249 miles 1,893 25.6 10,161 19.0 2,327 32.5
250 to 499 miles 89 1.2 583 1.1 198 2.8
500 to 749 miles 37 0.5 S S S S
750 to 999 miles 154 2.1 S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles 104 1.4 S S S S
2,000 miles or more 43 0.6 S S S S

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 4,355 100.0 651 100.0 1,198 100.0
Less than 50 miles 280 6.4 S S
50 to 99 miles S S 27 4.2 4 0.3
100 to 249 miles 781 17.9 49 7.6 15 1.3
250 to 499 miles 275 6.3 31 4.7 14 1.1
500 to 749 miles S S S S S S
750 to 999 miles 324 7.4 85 13.0 104 8.7
1,000 to 1,499 miles 391 9.0 69 10.6 115 9.6
1,500 to 1,999 miles 812 18.6 156 23.9 371 31.0
2,000 miles or more 703 16.1 195 30.0 560 46.8

Parcel, USPS or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 3,902 100.0 150 100.0 146 100.0
Less than 50 miles 273 7.0 9 6.1 0.2
50 to 99 miles S S 14 9.5 1 1.0
100 to 249 miles 764 19.6 32 21.7 S S
250 to 499 miles 274 7.0 S S S S
500 to 749 miles S S 7 5.0 6 4.3
750 to 999 miles 260 6.7 S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles 345 8.8 S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles 643 16.5 S S S S
2,000 miles or more 565 14.5 13 8.9 36 24.8

All other Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 453 100.0 501 100.0 1,051 100.0
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles 7 1.6 S S 2 0.2
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles S S S S S S
500 to 749 miles S S S S S S
750 to 999 miles 64 14.0 S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles 46 10.2 54 10.7 91 8.7
1,500 to 1,999 miles 169 37.3 133 26.6 324 30.8
2,000 miles or more 138 30.4 182 36.3 524 49.8

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 923 100.0 11,588 100.0 448 100.0
Less than 50 miles 541 58.5 9,791 84.5 73 16.2
50 to 99 miles S S 1,136 9.8 130 29.0
100 to 249 miles S S 408 3.5 69 15.4
250 to 499 miles S S S S S S
500 to 749 miles S S S S S S
750 to 999 miles 18 1.9 S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles 25 2.7 17 0.1 25 5.6
2,000 miles or more 31 3.4 12 0.1 S S

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private Truck, only for-hire Truck, or combination of private Truck and for-hire Truck.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.
Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Metropolitan Data, December 2004.