Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for CBSA of Origin: 2002

Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for CBSA of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 48,260 100.0 199,617 100.0 32,819 100.0 596
Less than 50 lbs 3,657 7.6 63 35 0.1 955
50 to 99 lbs 1,007 2.1 55 26 472
100 to 499 lbs 3,059 6.3 470 0.2 131 0.4 316
500 to 749 lbs 1,301 2.7 382 0.2 95 0.3 257
750 to 999 lbs 847 1.8 319 0.2 40 0.1 127
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 7,236 15.0 4,185 2.1 751 2.3 168
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 13,828 28.7 S S 8,906 27.1 S
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 3,390 7.0 36,070 18.1 3,188 9.7 90
100,000 lbs or more 13,934 28.9 93,107 46.6 19,647 59.9 759

Single modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 42,981 100.0 187,378 100.0 31,174 100.0 370
Less than 50 lbs 1,370 3.2 25 6 989
50 to 99 lbs 525 1.2 31 7 213
100 to 499 lbs 1,940 4.5 405 0.2 74 0.2 193
500 to 749 lbs 1,098 2.6 341 0.2 48 0.2 143
750 to 999 lbs 793 1.8 313 0.2 33 0.1 105
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 7,086 16.5 4,024 2.1 694 2.2 161
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 13,347 31.1 S S 8,451 27.1 S
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 3,309 7.7 34,639 18.5 2,746 8.8 81
100,000 lbs or more 13,513 31.4 83,617 44.6 19,115 61.3 821

Truck2

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 31,282 100.0 S S 12,699 100.0 142
Less than 50 lbs 1,180 3.8 23 3 140
50 to 99 lbs 491 1.6 30 6 186
100 to 499 lbs 1,896 6.1 405 0.4 73 0.6 190
500 to 749 lbs 1,038 3.3 341 0.3 47 0.4 140
750 to 999 lbs 772 2.5 313 0.3 33 0.3 105
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 7,075 22.6 4,021 3.7 689 5.4 159
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 13,024 41.6 S S 8,052 63.4 S
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 3,183 10.2 34,485 31.7 2,574 20.3 77
100,000 lbs or more 2,624 8.4 5,547 5.1 1,222 9.6 S

Rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 4,304 100.0 24,957 100.0 11,311 100.0 1,243
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S 2,145
50 to 99 lbs S S S S S S 508
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs S S S S S S 134
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S 1 2 1,875
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 270 6.3 278 1.1 374 3.3 1,388
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 54 1.3 98 0.4 163 1.4 1,664
100,000 lbs or more 3,975 92.4 24,580 98.5 10,772 95.2 1,205

All other Single modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 7,395 100.0 53,602 100.0 7,164 100.0 2,436
Less than 50 lbs 190 2.6 S S S S 2,472
50 to 99 lbs S S S S 1 1,974
100 to 499 lbs 44 0.6 1 1 2,135
500 to 749 lbs S S S S S S 2,947
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S S
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 7 0.1 2 3 2,621
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 52 0.7 52 0.1 S S 444
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S S
100,000 lbs or more 6,914 93.5 53,490 99.8 7,121 99.4 137

Multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 4,355 100.0 651 100.0 1,198 100.0 1,040
Less than 50 lbs 2,176 50.0 35 5.4 29 2.4 1,043
50 to 99 lbs 447 10.3 22 3.3 S S 913
100 to 499 lbs 1,082 24.8 56 8.7 56 4.7 1,003
500 to 749 lbs S S S S S S 1,372
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S 1,577
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 41 0.9 12 1.9 24 2.0 1,140
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 238 5.5 199 30.6 395 32.9 1,963
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 2,504
100,000 lbs or more 141 3.2 205 31.5 414 34.6 2,129

Parcel, USPS or courier

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 3,902 100.0 150 100.0 146 100.0 1,036
Less than 50 lbs 2,176 55.8 35 23.5 29 20.0 1,043
50 to 99 lbs 447 11.5 22 14.4 S S 913
100 to 499 lbs 1,081 27.7 56 37.6 56 38.2 1,000
500 to 749 lbs S S S S S S 1,260
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S 752
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 76
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

All other Multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 453 100.0 501 100.0 1,051 100.0 2,349
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs S S S S S S 2,956
500 to 749 lbs S S S S S S 2,967
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S 2,148
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 30 6.6 10 1.9 24 2.3 2,387
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 238 52.6 199 39.7 395 37.5 1,963
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 2,504
100,000 lbs or more 141 31.0 205 40.8 414 39.4 2,129

Other and unknown modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 923 100.0 11,588 100.0 448 100.0 S
Less than 50 lbs S S 3 S
50 to 99 lbs 35 3.8 3 S S 36
100 to 499 lbs 37 4.0 8 1 0.2 S
500 to 749 lbs S S S S S S 58
750 to 999 lbs S S 2 S S S
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 109 11.8 148 1.3 33 7.4 S
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 244 26.4 783 6.8 60 13.4 S
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 69 7.5 1,349 11.6 235 52.6 172
100,000 lbs or more 281 30.4 9,285 80.1 117 26.2 S

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private Truck, only for-hire Truck, or combination of private Truck and for-hire Truck.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.
Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Metropolitan Data, December 2004.