Table 6. Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for CBSA of Origin: 2002

Table 6. Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for CBSA of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All Commodities

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 48,260 100.0 199,617 100.0 32,819 100.0 596
Single modes 42,981 89.1 187,378 93.9 31,174 95.0 370
Truck2 31,282 64.8 S S 12,699 38.7 142
Rail 4,304 8.9 24,957 12.5 11,311 34.5 1,243
All other Single modes 7,395 15.3 53,602 26.9 7,164 21.8 2,436
Multiple modes 4,355 9.0 651 0.3 1,198 3.6 1,040
Parcel, USPS or courier 3,902 8.1 150 146 0.4 1,036
All other Multiple modes 453 0.9 501 0.3 1,051 3.2 2,349
Other and unknown modes 923 1.9 11,588 5.8 448 1.4 S

SCTG 01-05, Agriculture products and fish

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 7,686 100.0 30,885 100.0 5,443 100.0 S
Single modes 7,551 98.2 30,437 98.5 5,312 97.6 S
Truck2 4,488 58.4 9,215 29.8 3,899 71.6 S
Rail 1,936 25.2 14,467 46.8 S S 2,140
All other Single modes S S S S 587 10.8 S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,361
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,313
All other Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,955
Other and unknown modes 126 1.6 S S S S S

SCTG 06-09, Grains, alcohol, and tobacco products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 5,421 100.0 5,837 100.0 4,698 100.0 427
Single modes 5,314 98.0 5,790 99.2 4,654 99.1 349
Truck2 4,668 86.1 4,134 70.8 2,460 52.4 336
Rail S S S S S S 1,292
All other Single modes S S S S S S 1,035
Multiple modes S S 20 0.3 S S 1,473
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,467
All other Multiple modes S S 19 0.3 S S 2,192
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 10-14, Stones, non-metallic minerals, and metallic ores

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 2,341 100.0 S S S S S
Single modes 2,313 98.8 S S S S S
Truck2 2,231 95.3 S S S S S
Rail 10 0.4 63 34 1.0 586
All other Single modes S S S S S S 105
Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,666
Parcel, USPS or courier
All other Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,666
Other and unknown modes S S 2,906 3.1 131 3.8 46

SCTG 15-19, Coal and petroleum products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 8,570 100.0 45,070 100.0 5,413 100.0 S
Single modes 8,350 97.4 37,136 82.4 5,324 98.4 S
Truck2 2,326 27.1 7,482 16.6 287 5.3 S
Rail 403 4.7 S S S S 616
All other Single modes 5,621 65.6 26,469 58.7 3,950 73.0 122
Multiple modes S S S S S S 40
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 39
All other Multiple modes S S S S S S 94
Other and unknown modes 217 2.5 7,926 17.6 88 1.6 82

SCTG 20-24, Pharmaceutical and chemical products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 3,309 100.0 2,719 100.0 874 100.0 1,761
Single modes 2,444 73.9 2,585 95.1 725 82.9 1,723
Truck2 2,313 69.9 S S 324 37.1 S
Rail 72 2.2 462 17.0 397 45.5 863
All other Single modes 60 1.8 S S S S 2,483
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,856
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,855
All other Multiple modes 26 0.8 24 0.9 54 6.2 2,398
Other and unknown modes 26 0.8 S S S S S

SCTG 25-30, Logs, wood products, and textile and leather

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 6,529 100.0 15,774 100.0 11,179 100.0 351
Single modes 5,502 84.3 15,317 97.1 10,499 93.9 231
Truck2 4,190 64.2 9,989 63.3 3,636 32.5 194
Rail 1,134 17.4 4,995 31.7 6,520 58.3 1,265
All other Single modes S S S S S S 1,587
Multiple modes 849 13.0 330 2.1 635 5.7 460
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S 9 456
All other Multiple modes 250 3.8 313 2.0 626 5.6 1,968
Other and unknown modes 178 2.7 S S 45 0.4 S

SCTG 31-34, Base metal and machinery

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 3,499 100.0 1,656 100.0 980 100.0 292
Single modes 3,046 87.1 1,569 94.8 842 85.9 178
Truck2 2,879 82.3 1,441 87.0 585 59.7 169
Rail 99 2.8 S S S S 1,790
All other Single modes S S S S S S 1,688
Multiple modes 426 12.2 75 4.5 S S 467
Parcel, USPS or courier 375 10.7 S S S S 463
All other Multiple modes 51 1.5 S S S S 2,163
Other and unknown modes 27 0.8 11 0.7 S S S

SCTG 35-38, Electronic, motorized vehicles, and precision instruments

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 5,093 100.0 306 100.0 203 100.0 446
Single modes 3,603 70.7 240 78.5 140 69.3 S
Truck2 3,350 65.8 239 78.3 139 68.4 S
Rail S S S S S S 2,145
All other Single modes 253 5.0 1 0.2 2 0.8 2,392
Multiple modes 1,369 26.9 S S 51 25.4 675
Parcel, USPS or courier 1,340 26.3 S S S S 674
All other Multiple modes 29 0.6 8 2.5 19 9.4 2,013
Other and unknown modes 122 2.4 S S S S S

SCTG 39-43, Furniture, mixed freight and misc manufactured products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 5,757 100.0 2,449 100.0 517 100.0 660
Single modes 4,821 83.7 2,345 95.8 450 87.0 235
Truck2 4,807 83.5 2,338 95.5 445 86.1 211
Rail S S S S S S 312
All other Single modes S S S S S S 2,415
Multiple modes 804 14.0 36 1.5 55 10.7 1,131
Parcel, USPS or courier 728 12.7 16 0.6 18 3.5 1,117
All other Multiple modes 76 1.3 20 0.8 37 7.2 2,529
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

Commodity Unknown

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 55 100.0 S S S S 447
Single modes 37 66.8 S S S S S
Truck2 S S S S S S S
Rail S S 15 13.4 S S 930
All other Single modes
Multiple modes 18 33.0 S S S S 1,403
Parcel, USPS or courier 18 33.0 S S S S 1,403
All other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 58

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private Truck, only for-hire Truck, or combination of private Truck and for-hire Truck.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.
Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Metropolitan Data, December 2004.