Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for CBSA of Origin: 2002

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for CBSA of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 152,624 100.0 174,823 100.0 57,530 100.0
Less than 50 miles 30,070 19.7 74,698 42.7 1,178 2.0
50 to 99 miles 16,882 11.1 22,651 13.0 2,381 4.1
100 to 249 miles 28,160 18.5 25,065 14.3 5,523 9.6
250 to 499 miles 25,123 16.5 23,978 13.7 12,011 20.9
500 to 749 miles 15,298 10.0 6,634 3.8 5,510 9.6
750 to 999 miles 20,910 13.7 16,114 9.2 20,898 36.3
1,000 to 1,499 miles 7,739 5.1 3,394 1.9 5,061 8.8
1,500 to 1,999 miles 8,087 5.3 2,261 1.3 4,822 8.4
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 122,845 100.0 164,694 100.0 54,393 100.0
Less than 50 miles 27,533 22.4 70,480 42.8 1,069 2.0
50 to 99 miles 15,612 12.7 20,201 12.3 2,170 4.0
100 to 249 miles 25,669 20.9 23,807 14.5 5,285 9.7
250 to 499 miles 19,602 16.0 23,490 14.3 11,788 21.7
500 to 749 miles 11,372 9.3 6,247 3.8 5,183 9.5
750 to 999 miles 13,142 10.7 15,492 9.4 20,248 37.2
1,000 to 1,499 miles 5,135 4.2 3,009 1.8 4,484 8.2
1,500 to 1,999 miles 4,776 3.9 1,968 1.2 4,166 7.7
2,000 miles or more S S S S

Truck2

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 116,929 100.0 121,500 100.0 26,232 100.0
Less than 50 miles 26,750 22.9 62,954 51.8 994 3.8
50 to 99 miles 14,948 12.8 11,819 9.7 1,075 4.1
100 to 249 miles 25,437 21.8 20,644 17.0 4,322 16.5
250 to 499 miles 18,401 15.7 13,473 11.1 5,842 22.3
500 to 749 miles 10,783 9.2 4,706 3.9 3,773 14.4
750 to 999 miles 11,486 9.8 4,831 4.0 5,070 19.3
1,000 to 1,499 miles 4,946 4.2 1,939 1.6 2,836 10.8
1,500 to 1,999 miles 4,179 3.6 1,135 0.9 2,320 8.8
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 3,194 100.0 32,894 100.0 19,312 100.0
Less than 50 miles 116 3.6 S S S S
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles S S 3,162 9.6 963 5.0
250 to 499 miles 677 21.2 10,013 30.4 5,943 30.8
500 to 749 miles 316 9.9 1,092 3.3 961 5.0
750 to 999 miles 717 22.4 5,132 15.6 6,827 35.4
1,000 to 1,499 miles 127 4.0 1,070 3.3 1,647 8.5
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S 829 2.5 1,835 9.5
2,000 miles or more

All other Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 2,722 100.0 S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles 524 19.3 4 2
500 to 749 miles S S S S S S
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles 63 2.3 1 1
1,500 to 1,999 miles 184 6.8 5 12 0.1
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 23,426 100.0 1,354 100.0 1,593 100.0
Less than 50 miles 969 4.1 36 2.6 1
50 to 99 miles 956 4.1 37 2.7 3 0.2
100 to 249 miles 1,714 7.3 71 5.3 15 0.9
250 to 499 miles 4,429 18.9 216 15.9 99 6.2
500 to 749 miles 3,502 15.0 207 15.3 173 10.9
750 to 999 miles 6,145 26.2 407 30.0 430 27.0
1,000 to 1,499 miles 2,259 9.6 107 7.9 170 10.7
1,500 to 1,999 miles 3,101 13.2 245 18.1 556 34.9
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Parcel, USPS or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 17,280 100.0 580 100.0 490 100.0
Less than 50 miles 956 5.5 31 5.4 1 0.2
50 to 99 miles 919 5.3 35 6.0 3 0.6
100 to 249 miles 1,646 9.5 66 11.3 14 2.8
250 to 499 miles 2,951 17.1 105 18.1 47 9.7
500 to 749 miles 2,515 14.6 80 13.7 64 13.1
750 to 999 miles 4,716 27.3 148 25.5 153 31.2
1,000 to 1,499 miles 1,599 9.3 54 9.2 79 16.1
1,500 to 1,999 miles 1,956 11.3 61 10.5 124 25.2
2,000 miles or more 21 0.1 1 0.3 5 0.9

All other Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles S S S S S S
500 to 749 miles S S S S S S
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S 185 23.8 433 39.2
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 6,353 100.0 8,776 100.0 1,544 100.0
Less than 50 miles 1,568 24.7 S S S S
50 to 99 miles 314 4.9 2,413 27.5 207 13.4
100 to 249 miles 777 12.2 1,186 13.5 S S
250 to 499 miles S S 272 3.1 124 8.0
500 to 749 miles 424 6.7 S S S S
750 to 999 miles S S 215 2.4 220 14.3
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles 211 3.3 48 0.6 100 6.5
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private Truck, only for-hire Truck, or combination of private Truck and for-hire Truck.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.
Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Metropolitan Data, December 2004.