Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for CBSA of Origin: 2002

Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for CBSA of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 152,624 100.0 174,823 100.0 57,530 100.0 702
Less than 50 lbs 17,677 11.6 529 0.3 343 0.6 788
50 to 99 lbs 3,563 2.3 230 0.1 83 0.1 348
100 to 499 lbs 11,376 7.5 1,176 0.7 436 0.8 361
500 to 749 lbs 3,687 2.4 594 0.3 203 0.4 336
750 to 999 lbs 2,251 1.5 545 0.3 165 0.3 300
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 37,368 24.5 10,594 6.1 3,881 6.7 339
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 67,980 44.5 90,154 51.6 20,527 35.7 220
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 3,541 2.3 15,297 8.8 2,619 4.6 174
100,000 lbs or more 5,182 3.4 55,704 31.9 29,273 50.9 545

Single modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 122,845 100.0 164,694 100.0 54,393 100.0 216
Less than 50 lbs 4,232 3.4 164 0.1 24 153
50 to 99 lbs 1,864 1.5 144 27 182
100 to 499 lbs 8,448 6.9 975 0.6 316 0.6 302
500 to 749 lbs 3,159 2.6 563 0.3 185 0.3 320
750 to 999 lbs 2,164 1.8 526 0.3 159 0.3 300
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 29,586 24.1 9,636 5.9 2,986 5.5 301
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 65,079 53.0 86,298 52.4 19,635 36.1 222
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 3,238 2.6 14,470 8.8 2,351 4.3 164
100,000 lbs or more 5,076 4.1 51,919 31.5 28,709 52.8 559

Truck2

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 116,929 100.0 121,500 100.0 26,232 100.0 193
Less than 50 lbs 3,669 3.1 159 0.1 19 112
50 to 99 lbs 1,794 1.5 142 0.1 25 0.1 172
100 to 499 lbs 8,185 7.0 964 0.8 303 1.2 290
500 to 749 lbs 3,054 2.6 559 0.5 178 0.7 312
750 to 999 lbs 2,120 1.8 525 0.4 158 0.6 298
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 29,328 25.1 9,613 7.9 2,954 11.3 299
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 64,458 55.1 86,148 70.9 19,416 74.0 219
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 3,207 2.7 14,282 11.8 2,242 8.5 159
100,000 lbs or more 1,115 1.0 S S 936 3.6 S

Rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 3,194 100.0 32,894 100.0 19,312 100.0 819
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S 602
50 to 99 lbs S S S S S S 1,312
100 to 499 lbs S S S S S S 1,195
500 to 749 lbs S S S S S S 1,405
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 15 0.5 17 24 0.1 1,602
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S 149 0.5 216 1.1 1,425
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 550
100,000 lbs or more 2,497 78.2 32,532 98.9 18,952 98.1 649

All other Single modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 2,722 100.0 S S S S 1,230
Less than 50 lbs 562 20.6 4 5 1,231
50 to 99 lbs 69 2.5 1 1 1,327
100 to 499 lbs 246 9.0 8 9 0.1 1,142
500 to 749 lbs S S S S S S 1,312
750 to 999 lbs S S 1 S S 1,358
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S 6 8 1,508
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 3,178
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S 1,360

Multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 23,426 100.0 1,354 100.0 1,593 100.0 932
Less than 50 lbs 13,008 55.5 347 25.6 316 19.8 937
50 to 99 lbs 1,595 6.8 75 5.5 55 3.4 704
100 to 499 lbs 2,186 9.3 136 10.1 104 6.5 750
500 to 749 lbs S S 15 1.1 S S 1,067
750 to 999 lbs S S S S 4 0.3 484
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S S
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 315 1.3 S S 411 25.8 1,456
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 105
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S 568

Parcel, USPS or courier

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 17,280 100.0 580 100.0 490 100.0 931
Less than 50 lbs 13,008 75.3 347 59.9 316 64.5 937
50 to 99 lbs 1,594 9.2 75 12.9 55 11.2 704
100 to 499 lbs 2,170 12.6 135 23.3 100 20.4 736
500 to 749 lbs S S 14 2.5 S S 1,070
750 to 999 lbs S S S S 4 0.8 463
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,395
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

All other Multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes S S S S S S 1,512
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S S
50 to 99 lbs S S S S S S 4,743
100 to 499 lbs S S S S S S 1,751
500 to 749 lbs S S S S S S S
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S 1,208
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S S
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S 411 37.3 1,456
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 105
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S 568

Other and unknown modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 6,353 100.0 8,776 100.0 1,544 100.0 S
Less than 50 lbs 437 6.9 18 0.2 S S S
50 to 99 lbs 104 1.6 12 0.1 S S S
100 to 499 lbs 742 11.7 64 0.7 S S 179
500 to 749 lbs S S S S S S 203
750 to 999 lbs S S S S 2 0.1 S
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S 503 5.7 219 14.2 482
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 2,585 40.7 S S 481 31.2 S
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 266 4.2 825 9.4 S S 383
100,000 lbs or more S S 3,764 42.9 S S 232

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private Truck, only for-hire Truck, or combination of private Truck and for-hire Truck.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.
Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Metropolitan Data, December 2004.