Table 6. Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for CBSA of Origin: 2002

Table 6. Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for CBSA of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All Commodities

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 152,624 100.0 174,823 100.0 57,530 100.0 702
Single modes 122,845 80.5 164,694 94.2 54,393 94.5 216
Truck2 116,929 76.6 121,500 69.5 26,232 45.6 193
Rail 3,194 2.1 32,894 18.8 19,312 33.6 819
All other Single modes 2,722 1.8 S S S S 1,230
Multiple modes 23,426 15.3 1,354 0.8 1,593 2.8 932
Parcel, USPS or courier 17,280 11.3 580 0.3 490 0.9 931
All other Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,512
Other and unknown modes 6,353 4.2 8,776 5.0 1,544 2.7 S

SCTG 01-05, Agriculture products and fish

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 6,858 100.0 34,887 100.0 S S 371
Single modes 6,731 98.1 34,866 99.9 S S S
Truck2 3,933 57.3 10,998 31.5 1,338 7.7 S
Rail S S S S S S 1,090
All other Single modes S S S S S S 1,150
Multiple modes S S S S S S 904
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 904
All other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 118

SCTG 06-09, Grains, alcohol, and tobacco products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 25,039 100.0 16,880 100.0 6,191 100.0 385
Single modes 24,717 98.7 16,787 99.4 6,152 99.4 109
Truck2 24,707 98.7 16,728 99.1 6,092 98.4 107
Rail S S 59 0.4 59 1.0 1,003
All other Single modes S S S S S S 1,612
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,193
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,193
All other Multiple modes S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 104 0.4 S S S S S

SCTG 10-14, Stones, non-metallic minerals, and metallic ores

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 588 100.0 46,419 100.0 12,147 100.0 156
Single modes 536 91.1 42,522 91.6 11,542 95.0 141
Truck2 390 66.3 26,302 56.7 1,444 11.9 69
Rail 146 24.8 16,220 34.9 10,097 83.1 611
All other Single modes
Multiple modes S S S S S S 659
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 659
All other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 31 5.2 3,896 8.4 605 5.0 313

SCTG 15-19, Coal and petroleum products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 1,328 100.0 5,627 100.0 1,052 100.0 49
Single modes 1,325 99.8 5,626 100.0 1,052 100.0 50
Truck2 1,280 96.4 5,262 93.5 S S 43
Rail S S S S S S 1,420
All other Single modes
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
All other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 29

SCTG 20-24, Pharmaceutical and chemical products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 11,915 100.0 13,480 100.0 3,998 100.0 314
Single modes 11,105 93.2 13,410 99.5 3,951 98.8 249
Truck2 10,494 88.1 12,284 91.1 3,444 86.1 231
Rail S S S S S S 487
All other Single modes S S 4 S S 1,501
Multiple modes 699 5.9 36 0.3 23 0.6 528
Parcel, USPS or courier 685 5.8 35 0.3 20 0.5 527
All other Multiple modes 13 0.1 2 3 1,445
Other and unknown modes S S 34 0.3 S S S

SCTG 25-30, Logs, wood products, and textile and leather

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 26,579 100.0 18,089 100.0 8,278 100.0 909
Single modes 20,842 78.4 17,149 94.8 7,565 91.4 364
Truck2 19,967 75.1 16,163 89.3 6,735 81.4 306
Rail 729 2.7 977 5.4 818 9.9 1,068
All other Single modes S S S S S S 1,030
Multiple modes 5,447 20.5 484 2.7 623 7.5 971
Parcel, USPS or courier 5,201 19.6 166 0.9 153 1.8 970
All other Multiple modes 247 0.9 S S S S 1,537
Other and unknown modes 289 1.1 S S 90 1.1 S

SCTG 31-34, Base metal and machinery

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 22,146 100.0 S S 3,813 100.0 365
Single modes 17,453 78.8 S S 3,191 83.7 207
Truck2 17,319 78.2 S S 3,188 83.6 198
Rail S S S S S S 1,331
All other Single modes 133 0.6 2 3 1,172
Multiple modes 2,713 12.2 98 0.5 110 2.9 737
Parcel, USPS or courier 2,545 11.5 60 0.3 52 1.4 733
All other Multiple modes S S 38 0.2 S S 3,777
Other and unknown modes 1,980 8.9 693 3.2 512 13.4 S

SCTG 35-38, Electronic, motorized vehicles, and precision instruments

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 26,590 100.0 6,548 100.0 2,176 100.0 360
Single modes 16,048 60.4 2,656 40.6 1,330 61.1 207
Truck2 14,893 56.0 2,596 39.6 1,225 56.3 170
Rail S S S S S S 1,791
All other Single modes 611 2.3 3 3 0.2 1,368
Multiple modes S S S S S S 740
Parcel, USPS or courier 2,409 9.1 S S S S 719
All other Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,382
Other and unknown modes 2,454 9.2 S S S S S

SCTG 39-43, Furniture, mixed freight and misc manufactured products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 31,264 100.0 11,018 100.0 2,568 100.0 868
Single modes 23,916 76.5 10,599 96.2 2,317 90.2 350
Truck2 23,788 76.1 10,093 91.6 2,204 85.8 314
Rail 66 0.2 504 4.6 109 4.2 1,194
All other Single modes 62 0.2 2 S S 1,543
Multiple modes 5,976 19.1 236 2.1 203 7.9 936
Parcel, USPS or courier 5,946 19.0 229 2.1 186 7.3 936
All other Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,330
Other and unknown modes S S S S 48 1.9 427

Commodity Unknown

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes S S S S 23 100.0 221
Single modes 172 54.4 S S 20 87.8 280
Truck2 158 50.1 S S 20 86.5 266
Rail
All other Single modes S S S S S S 746
Multiple modes S S S S S S S
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S S
All other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 247

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private Truck, only for-hire Truck, or combination of private Truck and for-hire Truck.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.
Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Metropolitan Data, December 2004.