Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for CBSA of Origin: 2002

Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for CBSA of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 33,506 100.0 30,204 100.0 5,875 100.0 248
Less than 50 lbs 4,375 13.1 76 0.3 27 0.5 257
50 to 99 lbs 1,172 3.5 64 0.2 12 0.2 189
100 to 499 lbs 3,252 9.7 281 0.9 76 1.3 246
500 to 749 lbs 959 2.9 125 0.4 38 0.6 S
750 to 999 lbs 627 1.9 104 0.3 34 0.6 330
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 6,219 18.6 1,865 6.2 483 8.2 268
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 16,472 49.2 17,342 57.4 2,869 48.8 181
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S 6,516 21.6 S S 35
100,000 lbs or more 153 0.5 S S S S S

Single modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 28,902 100.0 29,323 100.0 5,538 100.0 118
Less than 50 lbs 1,962 6.8 47 0.2 5 S
50 to 99 lbs 618 2.1 45 0.2 4 87
100 to 499 lbs 2,228 7.7 236 0.8 59 1.1 215
500 to 749 lbs 913 3.2 117 0.4 36 0.7 S
750 to 999 lbs 601 2.1 101 0.3 32 0.6 318
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 6,009 20.8 1,789 6.1 422 7.6 254
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 16,146 55.9 16,661 56.8 2,645 47.8 176
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S 6,503 22.2 S S 35
100,000 lbs or more 153 0.5 S S S S S

Truck2

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 28,035 100.0 29,293 100.0 5,508 100.0 91
Less than 50 lbs 1,511 5.4 45 0.2 3 S
50 to 99 lbs 556 2.0 45 0.2 3 75
100 to 499 lbs 2,124 7.6 234 0.8 57 1.0 209
500 to 749 lbs 871 3.1 117 0.4 36 0.6 S
750 to 999 lbs 576 2.1 99 0.3 31 0.6 311
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 5,913 21.1 1,786 6.1 419 7.6 251
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 16,066 57.3 16,639 56.8 2,626 47.7 175
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S 6,503 22.2 S S 35
100,000 lbs or more 145 0.5 S S S S S

Rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes S S S S S S 713
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs S S S S S S 253
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 2,878
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 828
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S 1,436

All other Single modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 815 100.0 10 100.0 11 100.0 1,333
Less than 50 lbs 451 55.3 1 11.3 2 13.7 1,340
50 to 99 lbs 62 7.6 3.9 1 5.0 1,481
100 to 499 lbs 104 12.7 2 18.3 2 19.0 1,164
500 to 749 lbs S S S S S S 1,152
750 to 999 lbs S S 1 12.2 1 9.0 842
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S 2 20.9 3 26.8 1,459
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 874
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 4,107 100.0 75 100.0 73 100.0 735
Less than 50 lbs 2,326 56.6 22 29.3 21 28.3 751
50 to 99 lbs 529 12.9 9 11.7 5 7.3 614
100 to 499 lbs 956 23.3 21 28.3 11 14.6 530
500 to 749 lbs S S S S S S 359
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S 887
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 2,955
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 2,154
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Parcel, USPS or courier

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 3,865 100.0 59 100.0 40 100.0 732
Less than 50 lbs 2,326 60.2 22 37.1 21 51.2 751
50 to 99 lbs 529 13.7 9 14.7 5 12.4 577
100 to 499 lbs 956 24.7 21 35.7 11 26.5 530
500 to 749 lbs S S S S S S 359
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S 887
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

All other Multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes S S S S 32 100.0 5,209
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs S S S S S S 8,230
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 2,955
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 2,154
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Other and unknown modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 498 100.0 S S S S 244
Less than 50 lbs 88 17.6 S S S S 206
50 to 99 lbs S S S S S S 274
100 to 499 lbs S S S S S S 269
500 to 749 lbs S S S S S S 67
750 to 999 lbs S S 1 0.1 S S 142
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 748
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 285
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 25
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S 4

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private Truck, only for-hire Truck, or combination of private Truck and for-hire Truck.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.
Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Metropolitan Data, December 2004.