Table 6. Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for CBSA of Origin: 2002

Table 6. Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for CBSA of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All Commodities

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 33,506 100.0 30,204 100.0 5,875 100.0 248
Single modes 28,902 86.3 29,323 97.1 5,538 94.3 118
Truck2 28,035 83.7 29,293 97.0 5,508 93.7 91
Rail S S S S S S 713
All other Single modes 815 2.4 10 11 0.2 1,333
Multiple modes 4,107 12.3 75 0.2 73 1.2 735
Parcel, USPS or courier 3,865 11.5 59 0.2 40 0.7 732
All other Multiple modes S S S S 32 0.6 5,209
Other and unknown modes 498 1.5 S S S S 244

SCTG 01-05, Agriculture products and fish

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes S S 899 100.0 S S 170
Single modes S S 899 100.0 S S 170
Truck2 S S 899 100.0 S S 170
Rail
All other Single modes
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
All other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 06-09, Grains, alcohol, and tobacco products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 2,892 100.0 6,567 100.0 S S S
Single modes 2,839 98.2 6,526 99.4 S S S
Truck2 2,828 97.8 6,519 99.3 S S S
Rail S S S S S S 1,471
All other Single modes
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,468
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,468
All other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 10-14, Stones, non-metallic minerals, and metallic ores

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 137 100.0 12,491 100.0 188 100.0 15
Single modes 123 89.8 12,483 99.9 188 100.0 15
Truck2 123 89.8 12,483 99.9 188 100.0 15
Rail
All other Single modes
Multiple modes S S S S S S 89
Parcel, USPS or courier
All other Multiple modes S S S S S S 89
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 4

SCTG 15-19, Coal and petroleum products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 110 100.0 546 100.0 25 100.0 788
Single modes 106 96.4 545 99.8 24 94.0 746
Truck2 106 96.4 545 99.8 24 94.0 745
Rail
All other Single modes S S S S S S 870
Multiple modes S S S S S S S
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 597
All other Multiple modes S S S S S S 8,230
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 20-24, Pharmaceutical and chemical products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 14,080 100.0 1,587 100.0 917 100.0 406
Single modes 13,571 96.4 1,579 99.5 910 99.2 S
Truck2 13,536 96.1 1,572 99.0 904 98.6 S
Rail S S S S S S 546
All other Single modes S S S S S S 1,025
Multiple modes 506 3.6 S S 7 0.8 1,034
Parcel, USPS or courier 495 3.5 S S S S 1,032
All other Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,955
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 7

SCTG 25-30, Logs, wood products, and textile and leather

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 1,249 100.0 414 100.0 113 100.0 177
Single modes 1,015 81.2 396 95.6 99 87.9 S
Truck2 1,007 80.6 396 95.6 99 87.6 S
Rail
All other Single modes S S 0.2 1,763
Multiple modes 191 15.3 13 3.1 S S 518
Parcel, USPS or courier 185 14.8 S S 4 3.4 516
All other Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,830
Other and unknown modes 43 3.5 S S S S S

SCTG 31-34, Base metal and machinery

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 4,432 100.0 S S 537 100.0 174
Single modes 3,694 83.3 S S S S 121
Truck2 3,493 78.8 S S S S 105
Rail S S S S S S 1,436
All other Single modes S S 3 3 0.6 1,093
Multiple modes 615 13.9 21 0.4 S S 296
Parcel, USPS or courier 405 9.1 9 0.2 4 0.8 295
All other Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,877
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 98

SCTG 35-38, Electronic, motorized vehicles, and precision instruments

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 5,555 100.0 246 100.0 92 100.0 S
Single modes 2,901 52.2 227 92.1 70 76.0 S
Truck2 2,414 43.5 225 91.4 68 73.8 S
Rail
All other Single modes 487 8.8 2 0.7 2 2.2 1,389
Multiple modes 2,465 44.4 16 6.6 19 20.8 999
Parcel, USPS or courier 2,465 44.4 16 6.6 19 20.8 999
All other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S 3 1.4 S S S

SCTG 39-43, Furniture, mixed freight and misc manufactured products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 3,961 100.0 1,774 100.0 613 100.0 216
Single modes 3,569 90.1 1,092 61.5 411 67.0 S
Truck2 3,445 87.0 1,082 61.0 404 66.0 S
Rail S S S S S S 407
All other Single modes S S S S S S 1,036
Multiple modes 282 7.1 14 0.8 5 0.7 390
Parcel, USPS or courier 282 7.1 14 0.8 5 0.7 390
All other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 298

Commodity Unknown

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 30 100.0 S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S 190
Truck2 S S S S S S S
Rail
All other Single modes S S S S S S 1,864
Multiple modes S S S S S S S
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S S
All other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private Truck, only for-hire Truck, or combination of private Truck and for-hire Truck.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.
Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Metropolitan Data, December 2004.