Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for CBSA of Origin: 2002

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for CBSA of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 38,298 100.0 59,582 100.0 14,277 100.0
Less than 50 miles 13,133 34.3 42,881 72.0 852 6.0
50 to 99 miles 9,765 25.5 7,152 12.0 613 4.3
100 to 249 miles 4,464 11.7 2,200 3.7 368 2.6
250 to 499 miles 4,902 12.8 2,359 4.0 1,172 8.2
500 to 749 miles 1,512 3.9 482 0.8 358 2.5
750 to 999 miles 431 1.1 128 0.2 160 1.1
1,000 to 1,499 miles 546 1.4 S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles 1,135 3.0 S S S S
2,000 miles or more 2,411 6.3 391 0.7 1,059 7.4

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 29,674 100.0 56,886 100.0 7,897 100.0
Less than 50 miles 11,683 39.4 42,742 75.1 848 10.7
50 to 99 miles 7,665 25.8 7,052 12.4 604 7.7
100 to 249 miles 3,471 11.7 2,174 3.8 364 4.6
250 to 499 miles 3,889 13.1 2,324 4.1 1,155 14.6
500 to 749 miles 1,073 3.6 453 0.8 335 4.2
750 to 999 miles 298 1.0 124 0.2 155 2.0
1,000 to 1,499 miles 396 1.3 S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles 518 1.7 S S 2,976 37.7
2,000 miles or more 681 2.3 322 0.6 873 11.1

Truck2

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 28,443 100.0 54,789 100.0 4,223 100.0
Less than 50 miles 11,654 41.0 42,676 77.9 844 20.0
50 to 99 miles 7,351 25.8 6,809 12.4 577 13.7
100 to 249 miles 3,469 12.2 2,174 4.0 364 8.6
250 to 499 miles 3,753 13.2 2,239 4.1 1,116 26.4
500 to 749 miles 1,063 3.7 448 0.8 331 7.8
750 to 999 miles S S 21 24 0.6
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S 67 0.1 111 2.6
1,500 to 1,999 miles 160 0.6 159 0.3 331 7.8
2,000 miles or more 440 1.5 196 0.4 525 12.4

Rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 387 100.0 1,832 100.0 3,591 100.0
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles 4 1.1 S S S S
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles S S S S S S
500 to 749 miles S S S S S S
750 to 999 miles 17 4.4 S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles 220 56.8 S S S S
2,000 miles or more 41 10.6 105 5.7 296 8.2

All other Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 843 100.0 S S 84 100.0
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles 115 13.7 2 0.7 S S
500 to 749 miles S S S S S S
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more 200 23.7 21 7.8 53 62.7

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 7,724 100.0 S S S S
Less than 50 miles 1,169 15.1 21 0.9 1
50 to 99 miles 1,926 24.9 32 1.3 3
100 to 249 miles 803 10.4 10 0.4 2
250 to 499 miles 961 12.4 23 0.9 10 0.2
500 to 749 miles 401 5.2 11 0.5 8 0.1
750 to 999 miles 126 1.6 S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles 139 1.8 4 0.2 7 0.1
1,500 to 1,999 miles 568 7.4 S S S S
2,000 miles or more 1,631 21.1 65 2.7 S S

Parcel, USPS or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 7,376 100.0 121 100.0 90 100.0
Less than 50 miles 1,169 15.9 21 17.7 1 0.9
50 to 99 miles 1,915 26.0 28 23.1 3 3.0
100 to 249 miles 803 10.9 10 7.9 2 1.9
250 to 499 miles 960 13.0 23 18.8 10 11.4
500 to 749 miles 401 5.4 11 9.1 8 9.1
750 to 999 miles 126 1.7 2 1.5 2 2.5
1,000 to 1,499 miles 139 1.9 4 3.3 7 7.8
1,500 to 1,999 miles 288 3.9 6 4.7 12 13.8
2,000 miles or more 1,575 21.3 17 13.9 44 49.6

All other Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles S S S S S S
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 900 100.0 261 100.0 S S
Less than 50 miles 280 31.1 118 45.2 S S
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles S S S S S S
500 to 749 miles S S S S S S
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S 0.4
1,500 to 1,999 miles 49 5.4 S S S S
2,000 miles or more S S 4 1.6 11 12.1

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private Truck, only for-hire Truck, or combination of private Truck and for-hire Truck.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.
Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Metropolitan Data, December 2004.