Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for CBSA of Origin: 2002

Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for CBSA of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 38,298 100.0 59,582 100.0 14,277 100.0 397
Less than 50 lbs 7,178 18.7 113 0.2 48 0.3 481
50 to 99 lbs 1,178 3.1 89 0.1 18 0.1 S
100 to 499 lbs 3,562 9.3 490 0.8 93 0.7 187
500 to 749 lbs 706 1.8 181 0.3 32 0.2 185
750 to 999 lbs 1,555 4.1 169 0.3 26 0.2 160
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 6,945 18.1 4,167 7.0 460 3.2 116
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 13,128 34.3 S S 2,392 16.8 81
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 2,549 6.7 13,043 21.9 942 6.6 71
100,000 lbs or more 1,497 3.9 12,266 20.6 S S S

Single modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 29,674 100.0 56,886 100.0 7,897 100.0 140
Less than 50 lbs 1,702 5.7 58 0.1 10 0.1 S
50 to 99 lbs 666 2.2 65 0.1 6 S
100 to 499 lbs 2,661 9.0 435 0.8 60 0.8 133
500 to 749 lbs 615 2.1 167 0.3 17 0.2 99
750 to 999 lbs 869 2.9 166 0.3 21 0.3 131
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 6,718 22.6 4,043 7.1 397 5.0 94
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 12,703 42.8 S S 2,253 28.5 77
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 2,519 8.5 13,032 22.9 936 11.9 70
100,000 lbs or more 1,221 4.1 9,997 17.6 4,197 53.1 S

Truck2

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 28,443 100.0 54,789 100.0 4,223 100.0 101
Less than 50 lbs 1,338 4.7 56 0.1 5 0.1 S
50 to 99 lbs 633 2.2 65 0.1 5 0.1 81
100 to 499 lbs 2,520 8.9 433 0.8 57 1.3 124
500 to 749 lbs 608 2.1 167 0.3 17 0.4 98
750 to 999 lbs 866 3.0 166 0.3 21 0.5 130
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 6,630 23.3 4,032 7.4 383 9.1 89
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 12,672 44.6 S S 2,191 51.9 75
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 2,518 8.9 13,028 23.8 933 22.1 70
100,000 lbs or more 657 2.3 7,955 14.5 610 14.4 S

Rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 387 100.0 1,832 100.0 3,591 100.0 1,357
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs S S S S S S 438
100 to 499 lbs S S S S S S S
500 to 749 lbs S S S S S S 498
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S 68
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 7 1.8 S S 1 234
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 26 6.6 19 1.1 26 0.7 1,008
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,098
100,000 lbs or more 354 91.5 1,804 98.5 3,561 99.2 1,837

All other Single modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 843 100.0 S S 84 100.0 1,776
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S 1,865
50 to 99 lbs S S S S S S 564
100 to 499 lbs 141 16.7 2 0.7 3 4.1 1,710
500 to 749 lbs S S S S S S 2,365
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S 2,668
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 2,502
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 2,534
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 31
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S 111

Multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 7,724 100.0 S S S S 578
Less than 50 lbs 5,319 68.9 53 2.2 36 0.6 576
50 to 99 lbs 462 6.0 20 0.8 11 0.2 524
100 to 499 lbs 829 10.7 39 1.6 31 0.5 701
500 to 749 lbs 84 1.1 8 0.3 S S 1,027
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S 2,856
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 2,697
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 67 0.9 51 2.1 125 2.0 2,390
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S 2,757

Parcel, USPS or courier

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 7,376 100.0 121 100.0 90 100.0 577
Less than 50 lbs 5,319 72.1 53 43.8 36 40.5 576
50 to 99 lbs 462 6.3 20 16.8 11 11.9 524
100 to 499 lbs 828 11.2 39 32.0 31 34.1 699
500 to 749 lbs 82 1.1 7 6.0 S S 977
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S 2,856
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

All other Multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes S S S S S S 2,443
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S 1
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs S S S S S S 2,597
500 to 749 lbs S S S S S S 2,195
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 2,697
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 67 19.3 S S S S 2,390
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S 2,757

Other and unknown modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 900 100.0 261 100.0 S S 436
Less than 50 lbs S S 2 0.8 S S 424
50 to 99 lbs 50 5.5 3 1.2 S S S
100 to 499 lbs S S 16 6.2 S S 157
500 to 749 lbs S S S S S S 1,362
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S S
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 221 24.6 S S S S 722
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S 14 15.9 S
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 506
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S 832

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private Truck, only for-hire Truck, or combination of private Truck and for-hire Truck.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.
Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Metropolitan Data, December 2004.