Table 6. Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for CBSA of Origin: 2002

Table 6. Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for CBSA of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All Commodities

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 38,298 100.0 59,582 100.0 14,277 100.0 397
Single modes 29,674 77.5 56,886 95.5 7,897 55.3 140
Truck2 28,443 74.3 54,789 92.0 4,223 29.6 101
Rail 387 1.0 1,832 3.1 3,591 25.2 1,357
All other Single modes 843 2.2 S S 84 0.6 1,776
Multiple modes 7,724 20.2 S S S S 578
Parcel, USPS or courier 7,376 19.3 121 0.2 90 0.6 577
All other Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,443
Other and unknown modes 900 2.3 261 0.4 S S 436

SCTG 01-05, Agriculture products and fish

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 2,511 100.0 6,950 100.0 S S 649
Single modes 2,177 86.7 4,634 66.7 3,124 33.9 S
Truck2 2,009 80.0 3,385 48.7 541 5.9 S
Rail S S S S S S 2,024
All other Single modes S S S S S S 2,567
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,755
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,752
All other Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,756
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 06-09, Grains, alcohol, and tobacco products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 3,331 100.0 3,327 100.0 1,489 100.0 S
Single modes 3,292 98.9 3,309 99.5 1,456 97.7 S
Truck2 3,195 95.9 2,989 89.8 734 49.3 S
Rail 95 2.9 314 9.4 703 47.2 2,254
All other Single modes S S S S S S 1,740
Multiple modes S S S S S S 587
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 577
All other Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,943
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 10-14, Stones, non-metallic minerals, and metallic ores

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes S S 15,195 100.0 446 100.0 S
Single modes S S 15,191 100.0 439 98.3 S
Truck2 S S 15,191 100.0 439 98.3 S
Rail
All other Single modes
Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,093
Parcel, USPS or courier
All other Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,093
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 11

SCTG 15-19, Coal and petroleum products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 2,390 100.0 9,789 100.0 S S 95
Single modes 2,385 99.8 9,777 99.9 S S 96
Truck2 2,385 99.8 9,777 99.9 S S 96
Rail
All other Single modes
Multiple modes S S S S S S 3,039
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 3,039
All other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 9

SCTG 20-24, Pharmaceutical and chemical products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 3,928 100.0 S S 310 100.0 473
Single modes S S S S 300 96.8 S
Truck2 S S S S S S S
Rail S S S S S S 2,175
All other Single modes S S S S S S 2,121
Multiple modes S S 20 1.2 7 2.4 610
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 19 1.2 6 2.1 610
All other Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,703
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 336

SCTG 25-30, Logs, wood products, and textile and leather

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 2,593 100.0 2,742 100.0 592 100.0 320
Single modes 2,257 87.1 2,675 97.6 561 94.8 99
Truck2 2,173 83.8 2,462 89.8 384 64.8 89
Rail 83 3.2 S S 177 29.9 461
All other Single modes S S S S S S 2,322
Multiple modes S S 24 0.9 27 4.5 760
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 757
All other Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,873
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 31-34, Base metal and machinery

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S S
Truck2 S S S S S S S
Rail S S S S S S 84
All other Single modes S S S S S S 1,814
Multiple modes 361 10.2 18 0.1 S S 305
Parcel, USPS or courier 357 10.1 17 0.1 S S 303
All other Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,624
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 35-38, Electronic, motorized vehicles, and precision instruments

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 8,468 100.0 493 100.0 167 100.0 465
Single modes 4,307 50.9 403 81.7 110 66.1 252
Truck2 3,867 45.7 398 80.8 102 61.4 S
Rail
All other Single modes 440 5.2 4 0.9 8 4.6 1,668
Multiple modes 3,864 45.6 57 11.5 46 27.3 S
Parcel, USPS or courier 3,846 45.4 54 10.9 38 22.7 S
All other Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,468
Other and unknown modes 298 3.5 S S S S S

SCTG 39-43, Furniture, mixed freight and misc manufactured products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 11,286 100.0 3,962 100.0 716 100.0 538
Single modes 10,676 94.6 3,828 96.6 587 82.0 236
Truck2 10,457 92.7 3,589 90.6 558 78.0 234
Rail
All other Single modes S S S S S S 853
Multiple modes 123 1.1 32 0.8 74 10.4 1,471
Parcel, USPS or courier 105 0.9 8 0.2 8 1.2 1,468
All other Multiple modes 18 0.2 24 0.6 66 9.2 2,723
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 994

Commodity Unknown

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes S S S S 13 100.0 1,569
Single modes 24 30.2 S S 12 99.2 S
Truck2 21 27.2 S S S S S
Rail S S S S S S 2,514
All other Single modes S S S S S S 3,990
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,928
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,928
All other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private Truck, only for-hire Truck, or combination of private Truck and for-hire Truck.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.
Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Metropolitan Data, December 2004.