Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for CBSA of Origin: 2002

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for CBSA of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 50,880 100.0 63,964 100.0 22,317 100.0
Less than 50 miles 19,901 39.1 31,574 49.4 880 3.9
50 to 99 miles 1,755 3.4 1,831 2.9 169 0.8
100 to 249 miles 4,060 8.0 9,363 14.6 1,956 8.8
250 to 499 miles 5,702 11.2 7,416 11.6 3,423 15.3
500 to 749 miles 9,167 18.0 7,364 11.5 5,762 25.8
750 to 999 miles 1,085 2.1 1,203 1.9 S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles 5,141 10.1 S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles 3,359 6.6 738 1.2 1,501 6.7
2,000 miles or more 710 1.4 66 0.1 162 0.7

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 42,615 100.0 61,977 100.0 21,460 100.0
Less than 50 miles 18,063 42.4 30,898 49.9 872 4.1
50 to 99 miles 1,548 3.6 1,780 2.9 164 0.8
100 to 249 miles 3,552 8.3 9,133 14.7 1,905 8.9
250 to 499 miles 4,865 11.4 7,050 11.4 3,282 15.3
500 to 749 miles 7,936 18.6 6,873 11.1 5,411 25.2
750 to 999 miles 703 1.6 S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles 3,877 9.1 S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles 1,704 4.0 686 1.1 1,393 6.5
2,000 miles or more 366 0.9 50 118 0.5

Truck2

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 37,484 100.0 49,720 100.0 13,477 100.0
Less than 50 miles 15,792 42.1 26,254 52.8 857 6.4
50 to 99 miles 1,399 3.7 1,725 3.5 157 1.2
100 to 249 miles 3,514 9.4 7,108 14.3 1,431 10.6
250 to 499 miles 4,682 12.5 6,402 12.9 2,869 21.3
500 to 749 miles 7,401 19.7 5,480 11.0 4,004 29.7
750 to 999 miles 571 1.5 707 1.4 797 5.9
1,000 to 1,499 miles 2,465 6.6 1,381 2.8 2,003 14.9
1,500 to 1,999 miles 1,405 3.7 614 1.2 1,241 9.2
2,000 miles or more S S 49 0.1 116 0.9

Rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 2,932 100.0 8,030 100.0 S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles S S 549 6.8 383 4.8
500 to 749 miles 173 5.9 1,392 17.3 1,405 17.8
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more

All other Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 2,199 100.0 4,227 100.0 70 100.0
Less than 50 miles 972 44.2 4,057 96.0 9 12.3
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles 111 5.1 S S S S
500 to 749 miles 362 16.5 S S 2 3.0
750 to 999 miles 85 3.9 S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles 211 9.6 2 4 5.7
2,000 miles or more 111 5.1 1 2 2.2

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 6,804 100.0 546 100.0 456 100.0
Less than 50 miles 834 12.3 30 5.5 S S
50 to 99 miles 146 2.1 S S S S
100 to 249 miles 445 6.5 S S S S
250 to 499 miles 780 11.5 21 3.9 10 2.3
500 to 749 miles 1,187 17.4 S S S S
750 to 999 miles 328 4.8 S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles 1,205 17.7 61 11.2 97 21.2
1,500 to 1,999 miles 1,548 22.8 39 7.1 81 17.8
2,000 miles or more 331 4.9 14 2.6 39 8.5

Parcel, USPS or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 6,660 100.0 169 100.0 184 100.0
Less than 50 miles 819 12.3 18 10.6 0.2
50 to 99 miles 141 2.1 4 2.7 0.3
100 to 249 miles 434 6.5 12 7.3 3 1.6
250 to 499 miles 778 11.7 21 12.7 10 5.7
500 to 749 miles 1,141 17.1 28 16.8 21 11.7
750 to 999 miles 323 4.8 11 6.5 13 6.9
1,000 to 1,499 miles 1,185 17.8 32 19.0 48 26.3
1,500 to 1,999 miles 1,541 23.1 36 21.1 74 40.1
2,000 miles or more 299 4.5 6 3.4 13 7.3

All other Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 144 100.0 S S 272 100.0
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles S S S S S S
500 to 749 miles S S S S S S
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more 32 22.5 8 2.2 25 9.3

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 1,462 100.0 1,441 100.0 S S
Less than 50 miles 1,004 68.7 646 44.9 7 1.8
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles 57 3.9 S S S S
500 to 749 miles S S S S S S
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S 2 0.2 4 0.9
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private Truck, only for-hire Truck, or combination of private Truck and for-hire Truck.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.
Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Metropolitan Data, December 2004.