Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for CBSA of Origin: 2002

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for CBSA of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 58,843 100.0 60,746 100.0 3,252 100.0
Less than 50 miles 11,999 20.4 56,496 93.0 742 22.8
50 to 99 miles 6,201 10.5 1,917 3.2 176 5.4
100 to 249 miles 9,307 15.8 391 0.6 59 1.8
250 to 499 miles 3,809 6.5 1,011 1.7 424 13.1
500 to 749 miles 486 0.8 27 20 0.6
750 to 999 miles 1,329 2.3 53 56 1.7
1,000 to 1,499 miles 5,205 8.8 347 0.6 485 14.9
1,500 to 1,999 miles 7,935 13.5 182 0.3 390 12.0
2,000 miles or more 12,573 21.4 323 0.5 900 27.7

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 39,522 100.0 59,457 100.0 2,820 100.0
Less than 50 miles 10,656 27.0 55,467 93.3 738 26.2
50 to 99 miles 5,285 13.4 1,889 3.2 173 6.1
100 to 249 miles 7,667 19.4 367 0.6 55 1.9
250 to 499 miles 2,417 6.1 S S S S
500 to 749 miles 184 0.5 21 16 0.6
750 to 999 miles 511 1.3 41 43 1.5
1,000 to 1,499 miles 3,181 8.0 S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles 3,507 8.9 142 0.2 304 10.8
2,000 miles or more 6,113 15.5 229 0.4 640 22.7

Truck2

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 32,575 100.0 59,389 100.0 2,667 100.0
Less than 50 miles 10,654 32.7 55,467 93.4 738 27.7
50 to 99 miles 4,897 15.0 1,885 3.2 173 6.5
100 to 249 miles 5,959 18.3 356 0.6 53 2.0
250 to 499 miles 1,902 5.8 S S S S
500 to 749 miles 180 0.6 21 16 0.6
750 to 999 miles 321 1.0 40 42 1.6
1,000 to 1,499 miles 2,771 8.5 S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles 2,967 9.1 136 0.2 291 10.9
2,000 miles or more 2,923 9.0 187 0.3 516 19.3

Rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

All other Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 6,948 100.0 68 100.0 153 100.0
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles 1,708 24.6 10 15.3 1 0.9
250 to 499 miles S S 1 1.3 2 1.2
500 to 749 miles 4 S S S S
750 to 999 miles S S 0.6 1 0.5
1,000 to 1,499 miles 410 5.9 4 6.5 10 6.9
1,500 to 1,999 miles 541 7.8 6 8.4 13 8.6
2,000 miles or more 3,190 45.9 42 61.5 124 81.5

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 17,544 100.0 210 100.0 288 100.0
Less than 50 miles 684 3.9 S S 0.2
50 to 99 miles 780 4.4 17 8.0 2 0.6
100 to 249 miles 1,378 7.9 20 9.6 4 1.3
250 to 499 miles 1,374 7.8 18 8.6 8 2.7
500 to 749 miles 302 1.7 6 2.7 4 1.6
750 to 999 miles 808 4.6 8 3.9 9 3.1
1,000 to 1,499 miles 1,906 10.9 27 12.9 40 13.8
1,500 to 1,999 miles 4,033 23.0 28 13.3 59 20.3
2,000 miles or more 6,280 35.8 59 28.1 163 56.4

Parcel, USPS or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 17,417 100.0 204 100.0 278 100.0
Less than 50 miles 682 3.9 S S 0.2
50 to 99 miles 747 4.3 15 7.3 1 0.5
100 to 249 miles 1,378 7.9 20 9.9 4 1.4
250 to 499 miles 1,374 7.9 18 8.8 8 2.8
500 to 749 miles 302 1.7 6 2.8 4 1.6
750 to 999 miles 808 4.6 8 4.1 9 3.2
1,000 to 1,499 miles 1,886 10.8 25 12.5 37 13.3
1,500 to 1,999 miles 4,026 23.1 28 13.5 58 20.8
2,000 miles or more 6,215 35.7 57 28.0 156 56.2

All other Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances S S S S 10 100.0
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 1,777 100.0 S S S S
Less than 50 miles 660 37.1 S S S S
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles S S S S S S
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more 180 10.1 S S S S

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private Truck, only for-hire Truck, or combination of private Truck and for-hire Truck.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.
Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Metropolitan Data, December 2004.