Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for CBSA of Origin: 2002

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for CBSA of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 197,541 100.0 152,746 100.0 28,148 100.0
Less than 50 miles 77,289 39.1 117,400 76.9 2,208 7.8
50 to 99 miles 10,454 5.3 7,727 5.1 675 2.4
100 to 249 miles 6,789 3.4 7,093 4.6 1,188 4.2
250 to 499 miles 25,285 12.8 9,481 6.2 4,434 15.8
500 to 749 miles 11,157 5.6 3,873 2.5 3,305 11.7
750 to 999 miles 3,063 1.6 572 0.4 667 2.4
1,000 to 1,499 miles 7,475 3.8 954 0.6 1,684 6.0
1,500 to 1,999 miles 19,767 10.0 1,967 1.3 4,152 14.8
2,000 miles or more 36,261 18.4 3,680 2.4 9,836 34.9

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 144,139 100.0 144,208 100.0 25,781 100.0
Less than 50 miles 68,523 47.5 111,357 77.2 2,012 7.8
50 to 99 miles 8,690 6.0 6,948 4.8 613 2.4
100 to 249 miles 5,070 3.5 6,809 4.7 1,128 4.4
250 to 499 miles 16,017 11.1 9,046 6.3 4,261 16.5
500 to 749 miles 7,825 5.4 3,595 2.5 3,079 11.9
750 to 999 miles 2,037 1.4 545 0.4 636 2.5
1,000 to 1,499 miles 5,047 3.5 864 0.6 1,530 5.9
1,500 to 1,999 miles 8,983 6.2 1,701 1.2 3,616 14.0
2,000 miles or more 21,945 15.2 3,343 2.3 8,906 34.5

Truck2

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 110,935 100.0 102,082 100.0 18,116 100.0
Less than 50 miles 60,766 54.8 80,061 78.4 1,537 8.5
50 to 99 miles 8,587 7.7 6,894 6.8 606 3.3
100 to 249 miles 3,851 3.5 3,672 3.6 677 3.7
250 to 499 miles 8,826 8.0 4,218 4.1 1,726 9.5
500 to 749 miles 4,956 4.5 1,985 1.9 1,482 8.2
750 to 999 miles 1,765 1.6 520 0.5 592 3.3
1,000 to 1,499 miles 3,204 2.9 518 0.5 890 4.9
1,500 to 1,999 miles 5,049 4.6 1,033 1.0 2,154 11.9
2,000 miles or more 13,930 12.6 3,180 3.1 8,453 46.7

Rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 2,063 100.0 3,153 100.0 3,407 100.0
Less than 50 miles S S 143 4.5 4 0.1
50 to 99 miles S S 47 1.5 4 0.1
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles 861 41.7 S S S S
500 to 749 miles S S S S S S
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles 44 2.1 S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles 481 23.3 629 20.0 1,363 40.0
2,000 miles or more 170 8.2 93 3.0 272 8.0

All other Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 31,141 100.0 38,973 100.0 4,258 100.0
Less than 50 miles 7,661 24.6 31,153 79.9 471 11.1
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles 6,330 20.3 S S S S
500 to 749 miles 2,559 8.2 S S S S
750 to 999 miles 217 0.7 S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S 8 24 0.6
1,500 to 1,999 miles 3,454 11.1 S S S S
2,000 miles or more 7,845 25.2 70 0.2 182 4.3

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 48,160 100.0 739 100.0 1,093 100.0
Less than 50 miles 6,011 12.5 75 10.1 2 0.2
50 to 99 miles 1,344 2.8 36 4.8 3 0.3
100 to 249 miles 1,580 3.3 S S S S
250 to 499 miles 8,563 17.8 124 16.8 61 5.6
500 to 749 miles 3,014 6.3 90 12.2 78 7.1
750 to 999 miles 985 2.0 19 2.5 21 1.9
1,000 to 1,499 miles 2,241 4.7 30 4.0 52 4.7
1,500 to 1,999 miles 10,573 22.0 75 10.2 164 15.0
2,000 miles or more 13,850 28.8 254 34.3 705 64.5

Parcel, USPS or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 47,608 100.0 454 100.0 605 100.0
Less than 50 miles 6,010 12.6 75 16.4 2 0.3
50 to 99 miles 1,321 2.8 28 6.1 2 0.4
100 to 249 miles 1,579 3.3 S S S S
250 to 499 miles 8,432 17.7 52 11.5 21 3.5
500 to 749 miles 2,983 6.3 34 7.5 26 4.3
750 to 999 miles 984 2.1 17 3.7 18 3.0
1,000 to 1,499 miles 2,207 4.6 22 4.9 37 6.1
1,500 to 1,999 miles 10,517 22.1 55 12.1 118 19.5
2,000 miles or more 13,576 28.5 135 29.7 372 61.4

All other Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 552 100.0 285 100.0 488 100.0
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles 131 23.7 S S S S
500 to 749 miles 31 5.6 56 19.7 51 10.5
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles 34 6.2 8 2.7 15 3.0
1,500 to 1,999 miles 56 10.1 20 7.0 46 9.4
2,000 miles or more 274 49.6 119 41.8 333 68.3

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 5,242 100.0 S S 1,274 100.0
Less than 50 miles 2,754 52.5 S S S S
50 to 99 miles 420 8.0 S S S S
100 to 249 miles 139 2.6 S S S S
250 to 499 miles 705 13.5 311 4.0 112 8.8
500 to 749 miles 318 6.1 S S S S
750 to 999 miles S S 8 0.1 10 0.8
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles 210 4.0 S S S S
2,000 miles or more 466 8.9 83 1.1 224 17.6

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private Truck, only for-hire Truck, or combination of private Truck and for-hire Truck.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.
Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Metropolitan Data, December 2004.