Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for CBSA of Origin: 2002

Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for CBSA of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 197,541 100.0 152,746 100.0 28,148 100.0 998
Less than 50 lbs 49,594 25.1 406 0.3 326 1.2 1,183
50 to 99 lbs 13,585 6.9 274 0.2 127 0.4 469
100 to 499 lbs 29,807 15.1 1,870 1.2 538 1.9 300
500 to 749 lbs 9,318 4.7 853 0.6 187 0.7 225
750 to 999 lbs 6,463 3.3 705 0.5 203 0.7 286
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 41,573 21.0 8,668 5.7 3,358 11.9 356
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 29,672 15.0 44,113 28.9 13,262 47.1 308
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 4,854 2.5 25,817 16.9 2,053 7.3 80
100,000 lbs or more 12,674 6.4 70,041 45.9 8,095 28.8 293

Single modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 144,139 100.0 144,208 100.0 25,781 100.0 812
Less than 50 lbs 16,394 11.4 156 0.1 53 0.2 1,374
50 to 99 lbs 7,992 5.5 188 0.1 57 0.2 323
100 to 499 lbs 19,921 13.8 1,688 1.2 314 1.2 192
500 to 749 lbs 8,093 5.6 797 0.6 135 0.5 178
750 to 999 lbs 6,119 4.2 670 0.5 153 0.6 229
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 39,823 27.6 8,359 5.8 3,118 12.1 339
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 28,527 19.8 42,109 29.2 12,569 48.8 304
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 4,820 3.3 25,703 17.8 1,988 7.7 78
100,000 lbs or more 12,450 8.6 64,538 44.8 7,393 28.7 271

Truck(2)

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 110,935 100.0 102,082 100.0 18,116 100.0 182
Less than 50 lbs 11,001 9.9 145 0.1 22 0.1 157
50 to 99 lbs 4,653 4.2 177 0.2 27 0.2 162
100 to 499 lbs 13,935 12.6 1,669 1.6 267 1.5 155
500 to 749 lbs 6,642 6.0 793 0.8 129 0.7 170
750 to 999 lbs 3,237 2.9 649 0.6 104 0.6 163
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 37,469 33.8 8,289 8.1 3,010 16.6 331
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 27,621 24.9 41,711 40.9 11,866 65.5 291
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 4,710 4.2 25,577 25.1 1,893 10.5 74
100,000 lbs or more 1,668 1.5 23,070 22.6 798 4.4 64

Rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 2,063 100.0 3,153 100.0 3,407 100.0 1,363
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S 2,535
50 to 99 lbs S S S S S S 3,120
100 to 499 lbs S S S S S S 898
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S 3,207
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,703
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 501 24.3 294 9.3 525 15.4 1,830
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 773
100,000 lbs or more 1,056 51.2 2,710 86.0 2,728 80.1 929

All other Single modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 31,141 100.0 38,973 100.0 4,258 100.0 3,044
Less than 50 lbs 5,393 17.3 S S S S 3,070
50 to 99 lbs 3,339 10.7 S S S S 2,730
100 to 499 lbs 5,986 19.2 19 47 1.1 2,597
500 to 749 lbs S S 3 6 0.1 1,873
750 to 999 lbs 2,882 9.3 S S S S 2,395
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 1,953 6.3 S S 46 1.1 1,124
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S 104 0.3 179 4.2 1,499
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 430
100,000 lbs or more 9,726 31.2 38,757 99.4 3,867 90.8 S

Multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 48,160 100.0 739 100.0 1,093 100.0 1,174
Less than 50 lbs 31,638 65.7 218 29.4 272 24.8 1,172
50 to 99 lbs 5,308 11.0 64 8.6 68 6.2 1,032
100 to 499 lbs 9,408 19.5 134 18.1 213 19.5 1,505
500 to 749 lbs 1,056 2.2 27 3.7 48 4.4 1,762
750 to 999 lbs S S 24 3.3 33 3.1 1,357
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 53 0.1 16 2.2 40 3.6 2,507
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 359 0.7 142 19.3 276 25.3 1,863
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 17 24 3.3 S S 1,843
100,000 lbs or more 24 90 12.2 100 9.1 1,228

Parcel, USPS or courier

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 47,608 100.0 454 100.0 605 100.0 1,173
Less than 50 lbs 31,632 66.4 217 47.8 271 44.8 1,172
50 to 99 lbs 5,306 11.1 64 14.0 68 11.2 1,031
100 to 499 lbs 9,382 19.7 131 28.8 206 34.1 1,495
500 to 749 lbs 998 2.1 21 4.7 33 5.5 1,594
750 to 999 lbs S S 22 4.7 S S 1,209
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

All other Multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 552 100.0 285 100.0 488 100.0 2,284
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S 2,289
50 to 99 lbs S S S S S S 2,315
100 to 499 lbs S S S S S S 2,184
500 to 749 lbs S S S S S S 2,382
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S 2,576
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 53 9.5 16 5.7 40 8.1 2,507
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 359 65.1 142 50.0 276 56.7 1,863
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 17 3.0 24 8.5 S S 1,843
100,000 lbs or more 24 4.3 90 31.5 100 20.5 1,228

Other and unknown modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 5,242 100.0 S S 1,274 100.0 S
Less than 50 lbs 1,562 29.8 S S 1 0.1 S
50 to 99 lbs S S S S S S S
100 to 499 lbs 478 9.1 S S S S S
500 to 749 lbs S S S S S S S
750 to 999 lbs S S 11 0.1 S S 1,396
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 1,698 32.4 292 3.7 200 15.7 740
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 786 15.0 S S 416 32.7 S
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S S
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S 418

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private Truck, only for-hire Truck, or combination of private Truck and for-hire Truck.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.
Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Metropolitan Data, December 2004.