Table 6. Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for CBSA of Origin: 2002

Table 6. Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for CBSA of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All Commodities

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 197,541 100.0 152,746 100.0 28,148 100.0 998
Single modes 144,139 73.0 144,208 94.4 25,781 91.6 812
Truck2 110,935 56.2 102,082 66.8 18,116 64.4 182
Rail 2,063 1.0 3,153 2.1 3,407 12.1 1,363
All other Single modes 31,141 15.8 38,973 25.5 4,258 15.1 3,044
Multiple modes 48,160 24.4 739 0.5 1,093 3.9 1,174
Parcel, USPS or courier 47,608 24.1 454 0.3 605 2.2 1,173
All other Multiple modes 552 0.3 285 0.2 488 1.7 2,284
Other and unknown modes 5,242 2.7 S S 1,274 4.5 S

SCTG 01-05, Agriculture products and fish

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 8,380 100.0 5,663 100.0 4,757 100.0 S
Single modes 8,166 97.4 5,502 97.2 S S S
Truck2 7,907 94.4 5,375 94.9 S S S
Rail S S S S S S 635
All other Single modes S S S S S S 2,809
Multiple modes 108 1.3 S S S S 2,358
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 2,304
All other Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,504
Other and unknown modes 106 1.3 S S S S 641

SCTG 06-09, Grains, alcohol, and tobacco products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 14,312 100.0 9,497 100.0 5,320 100.0 261
Single modes 13,180 92.1 9,273 97.6 4,961 93.3 180
Truck2 12,782 89.3 8,852 93.2 4,369 82.1 175
Rail S S 354 3.7 478 9.0 1,582
All other Single modes S S S S S S 2,276
Multiple modes S S 124 1.3 211 4.0 S
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 403
All other Multiple modes 229 1.6 74 0.8 191 3.6 2,630
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,423

SCTG 10-14, Stones, non-metallic minerals, and metallic ores

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 436 100.0 28,821 100.0 1,067 100.0 34
Single modes 359 82.4 23,628 82.0 832 78.0 32
Truck2 356 81.7 23,627 82.0 831 77.9 32
Rail S S S S S S 516
All other Single modes
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,294
Parcel, USPS or courier
All other Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,294
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 33

SCTG 15-19, Coal and petroleum products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 13,142 100.0 63,990 100.0 5,735 100.0 34
Single modes 13,136 100.0 63,975 100.0 5,711 99.6 S
Truck2 3,561 27.1 24,148 37.7 547 9.5 25
Rail 155 1.2 1,102 1.7 1,363 23.8 942
All other Single modes 9,421 71.7 38,725 60.5 3,801 66.3 46
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,541
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 51
All other Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,045
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 91

SCTG 20-24, Pharmaceutical and chemical products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 11,818 100.0 4,659 100.0 S S 660
Single modes 8,546 72.3 4,329 92.9 S S 275
Truck2 6,541 55.3 3,434 73.7 1,440 55.1 206
Rail S S S S S S 835
All other Single modes 1,659 14.0 S S S S 2,434
Multiple modes 2,925 24.7 48 1.0 47 1.8 1,203
Parcel, USPS or courier 2,866 24.3 18 0.4 26 1.0 1,203
All other Multiple modes 59 0.5 30 0.6 21 0.8 912
Other and unknown modes 347 2.9 S S S S S

SCTG 25-30, Logs, wood products, and textile and leather

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 13,240 100.0 4,375 100.0 1,573 100.0 675
Single modes 10,917 82.5 4,160 95.1 1,445 91.9 371
Truck2 10,647 80.4 4,082 93.3 1,308 83.2 316
Rail S S S S S S 2,075
All other Single modes S S 3 7 0.4 2,620
Multiple modes 1,806 13.6 40 0.9 72 4.6 916
Parcel, USPS or courier 1,729 13.1 32 0.7 53 3.4 915
All other Multiple modes S S 7 0.2 19 1.2 1,558
Other and unknown modes 516 3.9 175 4.0 56 3.5 71

SCTG 31-34, Base metal and machinery

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 15,374 100.0 26,880 100.0 3,932 100.0 358
Single modes 12,441 80.9 25,024 93.1 3,556 90.4 148
Truck2 11,323 73.6 24,468 91.0 3,011 76.6 121
Rail S S S S S S 965
All other Single modes 729 4.7 19 20 0.5 1,611
Multiple modes 2,162 14.1 53 0.2 66 1.7 729
Parcel, USPS or courier 2,126 13.8 40 0.1 34 0.9 725
All other Multiple modes S S 13 32 0.8 2,534
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 35-38, Electronic, motorized vehicles, and precision instruments

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 97,521 100.0 1,450 100.0 940 100.0 1,078
Single modes 57,952 59.4 1,152 79.4 648 69.0 1,653
Truck2 39,327 40.3 1,073 74.0 471 50.1 S
Rail S S S S S S S
All other Single modes 18,311 18.8 64 4.4 153 16.3 3,074
Multiple modes 37,023 38.0 187 12.9 264 28.1 841
Parcel, USPS or courier 37,022 38.0 187 12.9 262 27.9 841
All other Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,524
Other and unknown modes 2,545 2.6 111 7.6 27 2.9 S

SCTG 39-43, Furniture, mixed freight and misc manufactured products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 23,186 100.0 7,344 100.0 2,205 100.0 1,555
Single modes 19,363 83.5 7,106 96.8 1,888 85.6 197
Truck2 18,420 79.4 6,964 94.8 S S 182
Rail S S S S S S 2,260
All other Single modes S S S S S S 1,610
Multiple modes 3,285 14.2 152 2.1 256 11.6 1,946
Parcel, USPS or courier 3,230 13.9 125 1.7 205 9.3 1,946
All other Multiple modes 55 0.2 27 0.4 52 2.3 2,101
Other and unknown modes S S 86 1.2 S S S

Commodity Unknown

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 133 100.0 68 100.0 7 100.0 190
Single modes 77 58.1 59 86.7 6 82.1 S
Truck2 72 54.4 58 85.6 5 76.1 S
Rail S S S S S S 567
All other Single modes S S S S S S 2,770
Multiple modes S S S S S S S
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S S
All other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 32

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private Truck, only for-hire Truck, or combination of private Truck and for-hire Truck.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.
Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Metropolitan Data, December 2004.