Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for CBSA of Origin: 2002

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for CBSA of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 129,135 100.0 59,977 100.0 13,905 100.0
Less than 50 miles 87,770 68.0 41,459 69.1 820 5.9
50 to 99 miles 5,570 4.3 4,338 7.2 399 2.9
100 to 249 miles 8,552 6.6 6,730 11.2 1,232 8.9
250 to 499 miles 2,906 2.3 1,010 1.7 409 2.9
500 to 749 miles 4,152 3.2 1,466 2.4 1,222 8.8
750 to 999 miles 3,263 2.5 1,551 2.6 1,928 13.9
1,000 to 1,499 miles 2,799 2.2 951 1.6 1,471 10.6
1,500 to 1,999 miles 6,456 5.0 1,343 2.2 3,067 22.1
2,000 miles or more 7,667 5.9 1,130 1.9 3,356 24.1

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 110,789 100.0 54,456 100.0 10,271 100.0
Less than 50 miles 83,038 75.0 39,116 71.8 801 7.8
50 to 99 miles 5,094 4.6 4,223 7.8 387 3.8
100 to 249 miles 6,805 6.1 5,238 9.6 994 9.7
250 to 499 miles 2,218 2.0 979 1.8 397 3.9
500 to 749 miles 2,702 2.4 1,283 2.4 1,048 10.2
750 to 999 miles 2,009 1.8 1,325 2.4 1,637 15.9
1,000 to 1,499 miles 1,708 1.5 704 1.3 1,000 9.7
1,500 to 1,999 miles 3,795 3.4 1,025 1.9 2,358 23.0
2,000 miles or more 3,419 3.1 561 1.0 1,651 16.1

Truck2

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 58,312 100.0 50,760 100.0 6,753 100.0
Less than 50 miles 34,657 59.4 37,486 73.8 772 11.4
50 to 99 miles 5,094 8.7 4,223 8.3 387 5.7
100 to 249 miles 6,674 11.4 5,098 10.0 966 14.3
250 to 499 miles 2,196 3.8 929 1.8 370 5.5
500 to 749 miles 1,476 2.5 992 2.0 780 11.5
750 to 999 miles 1,494 2.6 771 1.5 868 12.8
1,000 to 1,499 miles 1,305 2.2 439 0.9 549 8.1
1,500 to 1,999 miles 2,919 5.0 460 0.9 1,028 15.2
2,000 miles or more 2,497 4.3 362 0.7 1,034 15.3

Rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 570 100.0 1,974 100.0 3,206 100.0
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles S S S S S S
500 to 749 miles 55 9.7 279 14.1 257 8.0
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles 180 31.5 535 27.1 1,264 39.4
2,000 miles or more 92 16.2 162 8.2 507 15.8

All other Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances S S S S 312 100.0
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles 99 0.2 S S S S
250 to 499 miles S S S S S S
500 to 749 miles 1,171 2.3 12 0.7 11 3.7
750 to 999 miles S S 5 0.3 7 2.1
1,000 to 1,499 miles 331 0.6 S S 92 29.4
1,500 to 1,999 miles 697 1.3 S S S S
2,000 miles or more 830 1.6 S S S S

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 15,279 100.0 1,616 100.0 3,095 100.0
Less than 50 miles 3,403 22.3 118 7.3 3 0.1
50 to 99 miles 409 2.7 21 1.3 2
100 to 249 miles 1,354 8.9 76 4.7 17 0.5
250 to 499 miles 686 4.5 21 1.3 9 0.3
500 to 749 miles 982 6.4 148 9.1 148 4.8
750 to 999 miles 1,205 7.9 212 13.1 276 8.9
1,000 to 1,499 miles 976 6.4 S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles 2,470 16.2 S S S S
2,000 miles or more 3,793 24.8 555 34.3 1,667 53.9

Parcel, USPS or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 14,350 100.0 325 100.0 335 100.0
Less than 50 miles 3,388 23.6 71 21.9 2 0.5
50 to 99 miles 409 2.9 21 6.6 2 0.7
100 to 249 miles 1,349 9.4 51 15.7 11 3.4
250 to 499 miles 686 4.8 21 6.3 9 2.7
500 to 749 miles 899 6.3 30 9.1 24 7.1
750 to 999 miles 1,115 7.8 21 6.5 24 7.2
1,000 to 1,499 miles 778 5.4 16 4.9 24 7.2
1,500 to 1,999 miles 2,184 15.2 37 11.2 77 22.9
2,000 miles or more 3,543 24.7 58 17.8 162 48.4

All other Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 929 100.0 1,291 100.0 2,759 100.0
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles 5 0.6 25 1.9 5 0.2
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles S S S S S S
750 to 999 miles 90 9.7 191 14.8 252 9.1
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more 251 27.0 497 38.5 1,505 54.5

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 3,067 100.0 3,905 100.0 539 100.0
Less than 50 miles 1,329 43.3 2,225 57.0 16 3.0
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles 393 12.8 1,415 36.2 222 41.1
250 to 499 miles S S S S S S
500 to 749 miles S S 35 0.9 27 4.9
750 to 999 miles S S 14 0.4 S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private Truck, only for-hire Truck, or combination of private Truck and for-hire Truck.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.
Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Metropolitan Data, December 2004.