Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for CBSA of Origin: 2002

Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for CBSA of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 129,135 100.0 59,977 100.0 13,905 100.0 586
Less than 50 lbs 13,752 10.6 271 0.5 193 1.4 758
50 to 99 lbs 3,991 3.1 233 0.4 110 0.8 504
100 to 499 lbs 11,626 9.0 1,361 2.3 322 2.3 250
500 to 749 lbs 2,653 2.1 470 0.8 105 0.8 221
750 to 999 lbs 1,760 1.4 415 0.7 100 0.7 245
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 15,041 11.6 5,808 9.7 1,559 11.2 262
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 23,768 18.4 18,371 30.6 5,466 39.3 271
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 5,732 4.4 18,896 31.5 1,621 11.7 88
100,000 lbs or more S S 14,153 23.6 4,429 31.9 522

Single modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 110,789 100.0 54,456 100.0 10,271 100.0 172
Less than 50 lbs 3,983 3.6 118 0.2 19 0.2 158
50 to 99 lbs 1,885 1.7 151 0.3 25 0.2 156
100 to 499 lbs 8,109 7.3 1,222 2.2 206 2.0 159
500 to 749 lbs 2,487 2.2 450 0.8 93 0.9 205
750 to 999 lbs 1,600 1.4 404 0.7 88 0.9 221
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 14,298 12.9 5,621 10.3 1,375 13.4 243
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 22,906 20.7 16,905 31.0 3,825 37.2 209
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 5,285 4.8 17,465 32.1 1,143 11.1 66
100,000 lbs or more S S 12,120 22.3 3,497 34.1 492

Truck2

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 58,312 100.0 50,760 100.0 6,753 100.0 124
Less than 50 lbs 3,041 5.2 113 0.2 10 0.1 75
50 to 99 lbs 1,562 2.7 148 0.3 19 0.3 117
100 to 499 lbs 6,975 12.0 1,213 2.4 187 2.8 142
500 to 749 lbs 1,992 3.4 443 0.9 82 1.2 183
750 to 999 lbs 1,497 2.6 403 0.8 85 1.3 214
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 13,795 23.7 5,556 10.9 1,250 18.5 220
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 22,776 39.1 16,774 33.0 3,497 51.8 189
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 5,269 9.0 17,433 34.3 1,108 16.4 65
100,000 lbs or more 1,405 2.4 8,676 17.1 515 7.6 S

Rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 570 100.0 1,974 100.0 3,206 100.0 1,953
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S 3,059
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 2,170
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 92 16.1 S S S S 2,475
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 16 2.8 32 1.6 35 1.1 1,072
100,000 lbs or more 456 79.9 1,856 94.0 2,955 92.2 1,746

All other Single modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes S S S S 312 100.0 2,170
Less than 50 lbs 941 1.8 4 0.3 9 2.9 2,260
50 to 99 lbs 323 0.6 3 0.2 S S 1,963
100 to 499 lbs 1,134 2.2 9 0.5 20 6.3 2,144
500 to 749 lbs S S S S S S 1,479
750 to 999 lbs S S 1 2 0.7 1,981
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 498 1.0 63 3.7 122 39.0 1,897
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 2,573
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S 8

Multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 15,279 100.0 1,616 100.0 3,095 100.0 1,173
Less than 50 lbs 9,108 59.6 143 8.8 169 5.5 1,184
50 to 99 lbs 2,000 13.1 74 4.6 80 2.6 1,146
100 to 499 lbs 3,085 20.2 112 6.9 105 3.4 947
500 to 749 lbs 134 0.9 S S 6 0.2 S
750 to 999 lbs 143 0.9 S S S S 1,739
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 118 0.8 S S 133 4.3 2,093
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 564 3.7 668 41.3 1,435 46.4 2,151
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 66 0.4 165 10.2 S S 2,556
100,000 lbs or more 62 0.4 374 23.1 752 24.3 1,911

Parcel, USPS or courier

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 14,350 100.0 325 100.0 335 100.0 1,166
Less than 50 lbs 9,096 63.4 142 43.6 168 50.1 1,181
50 to 99 lbs 1,996 13.9 73 22.4 78 23.4 1,139
100 to 499 lbs 3,022 21.1 99 30.3 83 24.8 898
500 to 749 lbs 126 0.9 S S 5 1.5 S
750 to 999 lbs S S 1 0.3 S S 942
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 847
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

All other Multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 929 100.0 1,291 100.0 2,759 100.0 1,868
Less than 50 lbs S S 1 1 1,957
50 to 99 lbs S S S S S S 1,704
100 to 499 lbs 64 6.8 S S S S 1,575
500 to 749 lbs S S S S S S 1,049
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S 1,875
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 118 12.7 S S 133 4.8 2,095
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 564 60.6 668 51.7 1,435 52.0 2,151
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 66 7.1 165 12.7 S S 2,556
100,000 lbs or more 62 6.6 374 29.0 752 27.3 1,911

Other and unknown modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 3,067 100.0 3,905 100.0 539 100.0 391
Less than 50 lbs S S 11 0.3 S S 353
50 to 99 lbs S S 8 0.2 S S 621
100 to 499 lbs S S 27 0.7 S S 549
500 to 749 lbs 32 1.0 8 0.2 S S 711
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S S
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S 124 3.2 51 9.4 383
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 299 9.8 798 20.4 205 38.1 S
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 382 12.4 S S S S S
100,000 lbs or more 512 16.7 1,659 42.5 180 33.4 74

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private Truck, only for-hire Truck, or combination of private Truck and for-hire Truck.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.
Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Metropolitan Data, December 2004.