Table 6. Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for CBSA of Origin: 2002

Table 6. Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for CBSA of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All Commodities

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 19,899 100.0 15,516 100.0 4,331 100.0 487
Single modes 18,160 91.3 15,079 97.2 4,208 97.2 296
Truck2 17,230 86.6 11,321 73.0 3,243 74.9 277
Rail S S S S S S 494
All other Single modes S S S S S S 1,557
Multiple modes 1,383 7.0 45 0.3 52 1.2 776
Parcel, USPS or courier 1,366 6.9 35 0.2 31 0.7 775
All other Multiple modes S S 9 S S 3,668
Other and unknown modes 356 1.8 392 2.5 71 1.6 S

SCTG 01-05, Agriculture products and fish

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 240 100.0 117 100.0 54 100.0 316
Single modes 240 100.0 117 100.0 54 100.0 316
Truck2 240 100.0 117 100.0 54 100.0 316
Rail
All other Single modes
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
All other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 06-09, Grains, alcohol, and tobacco products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 1,450 100.0 829 100.0 224 100.0 S
Single modes 1,450 100.0 829 100.0 224 100.0 S
Truck2 1,450 100.0 829 100.0 224 100.0 S
Rail
All other Single modes
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
All other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 10-14, Stones, non-metallic minerals, and metallic ores

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 27 100.0 1,424 100.0 109 100.0 S
Single modes 25 93.4 1,343 94.3 91 83.6 S
Truck2 22 82.5 1,311 92.0 59 54.2 S
Rail S S S S S S 1,002
All other Single modes
Multiple modes S S S S S S 965
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 662
All other Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,758
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 15-19, Coal and petroleum products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes S S S S S S 98
Single modes S S S S S S 98
Truck2 S S S S S S 94
Rail S S S S S S 199
All other Single modes
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
All other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 20-24, Pharmaceutical and chemical products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 3,887 100.0 2,675 100.0 1,115 100.0 360
Single modes 3,368 86.6 2,393 89.5 S S 295
Truck2 3,201 82.3 2,185 81.7 906 81.3 290
Rail S S S S S S 661
All other Single modes S S S S S S 789
Multiple modes 222 5.7 13 0.5 S S 523
Parcel, USPS or courier 205 5.3 S S S S 521
All other Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,232
Other and unknown modes 297 7.6 269 10.0 51 4.6 S

SCTG 25-30, Logs, wood products, and textile and leather

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 7,821 100.0 2,359 100.0 1,019 100.0 774
Single modes 7,198 92.0 2,340 99.2 1,001 98.2 670
Truck2 7,084 90.6 2,337 99.1 994 97.6 623
Rail
All other Single modes S S S S S S 1,610
Multiple modes S S S S S S 940
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 938
All other Multiple modes S S S S S S 4,962
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 6

SCTG 31-34, Base metal and machinery

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 2,282 100.0 1,440 100.0 305 100.0 535
Single modes 2,014 88.3 1,404 97.5 299 98.1 378
Truck2 1,974 86.5 1,402 97.3 297 97.5 367
Rail S S S S S S 1,186
All other Single modes S S S S S S 1,186
Multiple modes S S S S S S 683
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 683
All other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 35-38, Electronic, motorized vehicles, and precision instruments

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 3,519 100.0 801 100.0 438 100.0 776
Single modes 3,210 91.2 791 98.7 430 98.1 537
Truck2 2,755 78.3 767 95.7 399 91.2 535
Rail S S S S S S 1,244
All other Single modes S S S S S S 352
Multiple modes S S 4 0.5 5 1.1 853
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 4 0.5 5 1.1 853
All other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 39-43, Furniture, mixed freight and misc manufactured products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 282 100.0 920 100.0 276 100.0 550
Single modes 264 93.6 913 99.1 274 99.3 396
Truck2 228 80.9 519 56.4 110 39.9 394
Rail S S S S S S 424
All other Single modes
Multiple modes S S S S 0.1 732
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S 0.1 732
All other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

Commodity Unknown

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes S S S S S S 238
Single modes S S S S S S 238
Truck2 S S S S S S 238
Rail
All other Single modes
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
All other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private Truck, only for-hire Truck, or combination of private Truck and for-hire Truck.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.
Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Metropolitan Data, December 2004.