Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for CBSA of Origin: 2002

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for CBSA of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 15,992 100.0 69,698 100.0 13,745 100.0
Less than 50 miles 6,382 39.9 38,083 54.6 1,030 7.5
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles 2,840 17.8 6,546 9.4 1,295 9.4
250 to 499 miles 2,617 16.4 6,125 8.8 3,437 25.0
500 to 749 miles 1,527 9.5 6,118 8.8 5,900 42.9
750 to 999 miles 516 3.2 597 0.9 607 4.4
1,000 to 1,499 miles 146 0.9 115 0.2 164 1.2
1,500 to 1,999 miles 205 1.3 181 0.3 377 2.7
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 15,429 100.0 69,531 100.0 13,642 100.0
Less than 50 miles 6,243 40.5 38,042 54.7 1,029 7.5
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles 2,796 18.1 6,531 9.4 1,292 9.5
250 to 499 miles 2,472 16.0 6,093 8.8 3,421 25.1
500 to 749 miles 1,471 9.5 6,112 8.8 5,895 43.2
750 to 999 miles 432 2.8 564 0.8 574 4.2
1,000 to 1,499 miles 99 0.6 105 0.2 147 1.1
1,500 to 1,999 miles 165 1.1 170 0.2 354 2.6
2,000 miles or more

Truck2

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 10,442 100.0 35,533 100.0 3,783 100.0
Less than 50 miles 3,802 36.4 18,504 52.1 367 9.7
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles 1,897 18.2 3,306 9.3 706 18.7
250 to 499 miles 1,732 16.6 2,082 5.9 898 23.7
500 to 749 miles 702 6.7 648 1.8 468 12.4
750 to 999 miles 378 3.6 315 0.9 294 7.8
1,000 to 1,499 miles 96 0.9 69 0.2 91 2.4
1,500 to 1,999 miles 124 1.2 S S S S
2,000 miles or more

Rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 1,145 100.0 13,210 100.0 2,697 100.0
Less than 50 miles S S 8,586 65.0 510 18.9
50 to 99 miles 42 3.7 1,408 10.7 185 6.9
100 to 249 miles 99 8.7 403 3.0 115 4.3
250 to 499 miles 410 35.8 1,675 12.7 721 26.7
500 to 749 miles 233 20.3 788 6.0 689 25.6
750 to 999 miles 53 4.6 249 1.9 280 10.4
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles 41 3.6 65 0.5 141 5.2
2,000 miles or more

All other Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 3,842 100.0 20,788 100.0 7,163 100.0
Less than 50 miles 2,176 56.7 10,953 52.7 153 2.1
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles S S S S S S
500 to 749 miles 537 14.0 4,676 22.5 4,738 66.1
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 404 100.0 65 100.0 75 100.0
Less than 50 miles 29 7.1 S S
50 to 99 miles 5 1.2 S S S S
100 to 249 miles 35 8.6 S S S S
250 to 499 miles 132 32.7 10 15.8 5 6.4
500 to 749 miles 45 11.2 5 7.1 4 5.2
750 to 999 miles 72 17.8 23 34.5 24 32.6
1,000 to 1,499 miles 46 11.5 S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles 38 9.5 11 16.6 23 30.6
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Parcel, USPS or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 320 100.0 13 100.0 9 100.0
Less than 50 miles 25 7.9 1 8.2 0.5
50 to 99 miles 5 1.6 S S S S
100 to 249 miles 34 10.6 1 9.5 3.3
250 to 499 miles 125 39.2 4 33.6 2 24.3
500 to 749 miles 41 12.8 2 13.0 1 15.2
750 to 999 miles 47 14.7 3 23.5 S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles 23 7.3 1 6.3 1 12.1
1,500 to 1,999 miles 18 5.5 2.3 1 7.0
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

All other Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 84 100.0 52 100.0 66 100.0
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles 7 7.8 6 11.5 3 4.1
500 to 749 miles S S S S S S
750 to 999 miles 25 29.9 19 37.2 21 32.2
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles 21 24.6 11 20.2 22 33.6
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 159 100.0 102 100.0 28 100.0
Less than 50 miles 111 69.5 37 36.5 1 2.3
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles S S 21 21.0 11 39.5
500 to 749 miles 11 6.6 S S S S
750 to 999 miles S S 10 10.1 9 32.2
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private Truck, only for-hire Truck, or combination of private Truck and for-hire Truck.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.
Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Metropolitan Data, December 2004.