Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for CBSA of Origin: 2002

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for CBSA of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 62,423 100.0 84,178 100.0 19,244 100.0
Less than 50 miles 22,125 35.4 46,392 55.1 891 4.6
50 to 99 miles 3,226 5.2 2,848 3.4 282 1.5
100 to 249 miles 11,795 18.9 16,050 19.1 3,360 17.5
250 to 499 miles 10,590 17.0 8,922 10.6 4,052 21.1
500 to 749 miles 5,899 9.4 7,203 8.6 6,706 34.8
750 to 999 miles 4,023 6.4 1,264 1.5 1,255 6.5
1,000 to 1,499 miles 2,164 3.5 519 0.6 707 3.7
1,500 to 1,999 miles 2,530 4.1 978 1.2 1,984 10.3
2,000 miles or more 72 0.1 2 7

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 51,992 100.0 82,343 100.0 17,392 100.0
Less than 50 miles 20,431 39.3 46,202 56.1 888 5.1
50 to 99 miles 2,912 5.6 2,830 3.4 280 1.6
100 to 249 miles 10,788 20.7 15,941 19.4 3,338 19.2
250 to 499 miles 7,894 15.2 8,630 10.5 3,916 22.5
500 to 749 miles 4,081 7.8 6,643 8.1 6,164 35.4
750 to 999 miles 2,783 5.4 1,081 1.3 1,062 6.1
1,000 to 1,499 miles 1,455 2.8 448 0.5 608 3.5
1,500 to 1,999 miles 1,644 3.2 569 0.7 1,135 6.5
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Truck2

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 49,081 100.0 65,077 100.0 11,055 100.0
Less than 50 miles 20,406 41.6 35,088 53.9 515 4.7
50 to 99 miles 2,911 5.9 2,830 4.3 280 2.5
100 to 249 miles 10,533 21.5 15,851 24.4 3,305 29.9
250 to 499 miles 7,156 14.6 7,817 12.0 3,465 31.3
500 to 749 miles 3,141 6.4 1,670 2.6 1,160 10.5
750 to 999 miles 2,454 5.0 1,039 1.6 1,017 9.2
1,000 to 1,499 miles 1,249 2.5 345 0.5 458 4.1
1,500 to 1,999 miles 1,227 2.5 436 0.7 854 7.7
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 604 100.0 S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles 6 0.9 86 4.8 26 1.8
250 to 499 miles S S S S S S
500 to 749 miles 135 22.4 S S S S
750 to 999 miles 40 6.5 S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles 70 11.6 101 5.7 148 10.3
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S 118 6.6 243 16.9
2,000 miles or more

All other Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 2,307 100.0 S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles 249 10.8 4 S S
250 to 499 miles 498 21.6 19 0.1 14 0.3
500 to 749 miles 805 34.9 S S S S
750 to 999 miles 289 12.5 6 7 0.1
1,000 to 1,499 miles 136 5.9 1 2
1,500 to 1,999 miles 305 13.2 S S S S
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 9,030 100.0 945 100.0 1,169 100.0
Less than 50 miles 1,162 12.9 71 7.5 1
50 to 99 miles 240 2.7 11 1.2 1
100 to 249 miles 865 9.6 45 4.7 9 0.8
250 to 499 miles 2,430 26.9 168 17.8 82 7.1
500 to 749 miles 1,642 18.2 71 7.5 56 4.8
750 to 999 miles 1,155 12.8 157 16.6 168 14.4
1,000 to 1,499 miles 657 7.3 38 4.0 45 3.8
1,500 to 1,999 miles 825 9.1 S S S S
2,000 miles or more 54 0.6 1 0.1 6 0.5

Parcel, USPS or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 8,371 100.0 360 100.0 193 100.0
Less than 50 miles 1,162 13.9 71 19.6 1 0.5
50 to 99 miles 240 2.9 11 3.1 1 0.5
100 to 249 miles 865 10.3 45 12.4 9 4.8
250 to 499 miles 2,427 29.0 101 28.1 41 21.1
500 to 749 miles 1,564 18.7 52 14.5 38 19.8
750 to 999 miles 961 11.5 47 13.1 46 24.0
1,000 to 1,499 miles 634 7.6 17 4.8 23 11.7
1,500 to 1,999 miles 479 5.7 15 4.1 29 15.1
2,000 miles or more 40 0.5 S S S S

All other Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 659 100.0 S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles S S S S S S
500 to 749 miles S S S S S S
750 to 999 miles 194 29.5 S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 1,402 100.0 S S S S
Less than 50 miles 531 37.9 120 13.4 1 0.2
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles S S S S S S
500 to 749 miles 176 12.6 S S S S
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private Truck, only for-hire Truck, or combination of private Truck and for-hire Truck.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.
Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Metropolitan Data, December 2004.