Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for CBSA of Origin: 2002

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for CBSA of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 49,632 100.0 58,927 100.0 8,791 100.0
Less than 50 miles 19,058 38.4 39,911 67.7 687 7.8
50 to 99 miles 5,645 11.4 6,914 11.7 619 7.0
100 to 249 miles 7,843 15.8 5,829 9.9 1,172 13.3
250 to 499 miles 2,607 5.3 1,660 2.8 848 9.6
500 to 749 miles 2,418 4.9 1,227 2.1 864 9.8
750 to 999 miles 5,344 10.8 2,051 3.5 2,302 26.2
1,000 to 1,499 miles 3,416 6.9 992 1.7 1,411 16.1
1,500 to 1,999 miles 838 1.7 55 116 1.3
2,000 miles or more 2,464 5.0 287 0.5 773 8.8

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 38,968 100.0 57,982 100.0 8,450 100.0
Less than 50 miles 17,962 46.1 39,371 67.9 683 8.1
50 to 99 miles 5,227 13.4 6,896 11.9 617 7.3
100 to 249 miles 6,817 17.5 5,736 9.9 1,151 13.6
250 to 499 miles 1,687 4.3 1,560 2.7 796 9.4
500 to 749 miles 1,829 4.7 1,195 2.1 841 10.0
750 to 999 miles 2,865 7.4 1,978 3.4 2,223 26.3
1,000 to 1,499 miles 1,256 3.2 929 1.6 1,322 15.6
1,500 to 1,999 miles 426 1.1 46 96 1.1
2,000 miles or more 898 2.3 271 0.5 721 8.5

Truck2

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 36,594 100.0 51,521 100.0 5,589 100.0
Less than 50 miles 17,314 47.3 35,477 68.9 617 11.0
50 to 99 miles 5,219 14.3 6,895 13.4 617 11.0
100 to 249 miles 6,737 18.4 5,509 10.7 1,100 19.7
250 to 499 miles 1,440 3.9 1,003 1.9 475 8.5
500 to 749 miles 1,787 4.9 1,124 2.2 782 14.0
750 to 999 miles 2,470 6.7 997 1.9 1,059 19.0
1,000 to 1,499 miles 937 2.6 295 0.6 390 7.0
1,500 to 1,999 miles 155 0.4 45 95 1.7
2,000 miles or more 535 1.5 175 0.3 453 8.1

Rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 595 100.0 3,684 100.0 2,476 100.0
Less than 50 miles 231 38.8 1,627 44.2 53 2.1
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles S S S S S S
500 to 749 miles S S S S S S
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles 84 14.1 S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

All other Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 1,779 100.0 2,777 100.0 S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles 8 0.5 S S S S
250 to 499 miles S S S S S S
500 to 749 miles 33 1.9 S S S S
750 to 999 miles 259 14.6 S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles 235 13.2 S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more 332 18.7 S S S S

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 9,432 100.0 S S 197 100.0
Less than 50 miles 467 4.9 S S 1 0.5
50 to 99 miles 361 3.8 7 1.5 1 0.4
100 to 249 miles 908 9.6 41 8.5 9 4.5
250 to 499 miles 844 8.9 S S S S
500 to 749 miles 555 5.9 9 1.9 7 3.3
750 to 999 miles 2,370 25.1 48 10.0 51 25.7
1,000 to 1,499 miles 2,097 22.2 39 8.2 56 28.5
1,500 to 1,999 miles 299 3.2 7 1.4 13 6.6
2,000 miles or more 1,531 16.2 13 2.8 44 22.4

Parcel, USPS or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 8,992 100.0 211 100.0 183 100.0
Less than 50 miles 421 4.7 19 8.8 0.3
50 to 99 miles 361 4.0 7 3.4 1 0.4
100 to 249 miles 908 10.1 41 19.2 9 4.8
250 to 499 miles 844 9.4 S S S S
500 to 749 miles 555 6.2 9 4.2 7 3.6
750 to 999 miles 2,370 26.4 48 22.6 51 27.7
1,000 to 1,499 miles 2,097 23.3 39 18.6 56 30.8
1,500 to 1,999 miles 299 3.3 7 3.1 13 7.1
2,000 miles or more 1,137 12.6 11 5.1 30 16.6

All other Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 1,233 100.0 465 100.0 144 100.0
Less than 50 miles 629 51.0 256 55.0 S S
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles 118 9.6 S S S S
250 to 499 miles S S S S S S
500 to 749 miles S S S S S S
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private Truck, only for-hire Truck, or combination of private Truck and for-hire Truck.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.
Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Metropolitan Data, December 2004.