Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for CBSA of Origin: 2002

Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for CBSA of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 49,632 100.0 58,927 100.0 8,791 100.0 575
Less than 50 lbs 9,252 18.6 145 0.2 76 0.9 765
50 to 99 lbs 2,457 5.0 100 0.2 19 0.2 190
100 to 499 lbs 6,050 12.2 541 0.9 97 1.1 175
500 to 749 lbs 1,211 2.4 237 0.4 74 0.8 305
750 to 999 lbs 895 1.8 190 0.3 52 0.6 271
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 9,254 18.6 3,738 6.3 815 9.3 207
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 14,156 28.5 26,721 45.3 3,939 44.8 162
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 5,228 10.5 19,982 33.9 755 8.6 38
100,000 lbs or more 1,130 2.3 7,272 12.3 2,964 33.7 814

Single modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 38,968 100.0 57,982 100.0 8,450 100.0 121
Less than 50 lbs 1,667 4.3 56 0.1 5 109
50 to 99 lbs 1,730 4.4 81 0.1 7 84
100 to 499 lbs 4,793 12.3 463 0.8 50 0.6 105
500 to 749 lbs 1,134 2.9 200 0.3 44 0.5 222
750 to 999 lbs 759 1.9 153 0.3 22 0.3 S
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 8,669 22.2 3,508 6.0 701 8.3 189
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 13,929 35.7 26,631 45.9 3,904 46.2 161
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 5,193 13.3 19,883 34.3 753 8.9 38
100,000 lbs or more 1,094 2.8 7,007 12.1 2,964 35.1 814

Truck2

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 36,594 100.0 51,521 100.0 5,589 100.0 105
Less than 50 lbs 1,246 3.4 56 0.1 4 77
50 to 99 lbs 1,508 4.1 80 0.2 6 0.1 76
100 to 499 lbs 4,430 12.1 461 0.9 48 0.9 101
500 to 749 lbs 1,115 3.0 200 0.4 44 0.8 221
750 to 999 lbs 714 2.0 153 0.3 22 0.4 S
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 8,548 23.4 3,480 6.8 664 11.9 180
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 13,761 37.6 26,570 51.6 3,802 68.0 154
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 5,185 14.2 19,840 38.5 745 13.3 38
100,000 lbs or more 86 0.2 681 1.3 S S 481

Rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 595 100.0 3,684 100.0 2,476 100.0 917
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S 3
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 321
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 246
100,000 lbs or more 535 89.9 3,647 99.0 2,466 99.6 1,018

All other Single modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 1,779 100.0 2,777 100.0 S S 1,768
Less than 50 lbs 421 23.7 1 0.2 1,868
50 to 99 lbs S S S S S S 1,965
100 to 499 lbs 364 20.5 S S 2 0.6 1,385
500 to 749 lbs S S 1,248
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S 1,040
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,328
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,956
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 11
100,000 lbs or more 473 26.6 S S S S S

Multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 9,432 100.0 S S 197 100.0 997
Less than 50 lbs 7,515 79.7 84 17.5 71 36.1 1,010
50 to 99 lbs 704 7.5 17 3.6 12 5.9 663
100 to 499 lbs 1,011 10.7 54 11.4 45 23.0 820
500 to 749 lbs S S S S S S 1,140
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S 958
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 5,218
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 1
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S 2

Parcel, USPS or courier

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 8,992 100.0 211 100.0 183 100.0 996
Less than 50 lbs 7,515 83.6 84 39.7 71 38.9 1,010
50 to 99 lbs 704 7.8 17 8.1 12 6.4 663
100 to 499 lbs 622 6.9 53 25.3 41 22.2 780
500 to 749 lbs S S S S S S 1,140
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S 958
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

All other Multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes S S S S S S 4,885
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S 5,122
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs S S S S S S 4,972
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 5,218
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 1
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S 2

Other and unknown modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 1,233 100.0 465 100.0 144 100.0 S
Less than 50 lbs 69 5.6 S S S S S
50 to 99 lbs 24 1.9 3 0.6 S S S
100 to 499 lbs 245 19.9 24 5.1 2 1.2 S
500 to 749 lbs 45 3.7 11 2.3 S S 22
750 to 999 lbs 16 1.3 6 1.3 S S 25
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 581 47.1 228 49.1 105 72.9 450
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 218 17.7 89 19.2 34 23.6 329
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 23
100,000 lbs or more

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private Truck, only for-hire Truck, or combination of private Truck and for-hire Truck.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.
Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Metropolitan Data, December 2004.