Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for CBSA of Origin: 2002

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for CBSA of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 11,084 100.0 7,650 100.0 1,198 100.0
Less than 50 miles 2,447 22.1 3,771 49.3 43 3.6
50 to 99 miles 884 8.0 2,262 29.6 227 18.9
100 to 249 miles 866 7.8 860 11.2 182 15.2
250 to 499 miles 1,282 11.6 122 1.6 51 4.2
500 to 749 miles 297 2.7 S S S S
750 to 999 miles 1,284 11.6 S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles 2,124 19.2 41 0.5 66 5.5
1,500 to 1,999 miles 1,050 9.5 46 0.6 94 7.8
2,000 miles or more 851 7.7 16 0.2 42 3.5

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 9,455 100.0 7,585 100.0 1,143 100.0
Less than 50 miles 2,201 23.3 3,759 49.6 43 3.7
50 to 99 miles 656 6.9 2,254 29.7 226 19.8
100 to 249 miles 647 6.8 854 11.3 181 15.8
250 to 499 miles 1,106 11.7 116 1.5 48 4.2
500 to 749 miles 234 2.5 S S S S
750 to 999 miles 1,191 12.6 S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S 38 0.5 60 5.2
1,500 to 1,999 miles 828 8.8 41 0.5 84 7.3
2,000 miles or more S S 10 0.1 24 2.1

Truck2

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 8,061 100.0 6,158 100.0 936 100.0
Less than 50 miles 2,099 26.0 3,009 48.9 38 4.1
50 to 99 miles 606 7.5 2,063 33.5 197 21.1
100 to 249 miles 331 4.1 393 6.4 55 5.9
250 to 499 miles 925 11.5 115 1.9 47 5.1
500 to 749 miles 211 2.6 S S S S
750 to 999 miles 962 11.9 S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S 37 0.6 58 6.2
1,500 to 1,999 miles 549 6.8 22 0.4 44 4.7
2,000 miles or more S S 9 0.1 23 2.4

Rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 288 100.0 S S 159 100.0
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles 50 17.2 191 13.6 29 18.0
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more

All other Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 1,106 100.0 S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles 181 16.4 S S S S
500 to 749 miles S S 0.4 0.6
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles 106 9.6 1 4.1 2 4.9
1,500 to 1,999 miles 279 25.2 S S S S
2,000 miles or more 108 9.7 1.7 1 2.6

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 1,425 100.0 27 100.0 16 100.0
Less than 50 miles S S 4 13.6 S S
50 to 99 miles 213 14.9 S S S S
100 to 249 miles 211 14.8 S S S S
250 to 499 miles 175 12.3 S S S S
500 to 749 miles 58 4.1 S S 1 5.3
750 to 999 miles 91 6.4 1 2.9 1 5.3
1,000 to 1,499 miles 129 9.1 2 6.0 3 17.4
1,500 to 1,999 miles 210 14.7 2 8.3 5 30.5
2,000 miles or more S S 1 4.1 3 18.6

Parcel, USPS or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 1,410 100.0 27 100.0 16 100.0
Less than 50 miles S S 4 13.6 S S
50 to 99 miles 198 14.1 S S S S
100 to 249 miles 211 15.0 S S S S
250 to 499 miles 175 12.4 S S S S
500 to 749 miles 58 4.1 S S 1 5.3
750 to 999 miles 91 6.5 1 2.9 1 5.3
1,000 to 1,499 miles 129 9.1 2 6.0 3 17.4
1,500 to 1,999 miles 210 14.9 2 8.3 5 30.5
2,000 miles or more S S 1 4.1 3 18.6

All other Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles S S S S S S
500 to 749 miles S S S S S S
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private Truck, only for-hire Truck, or combination of private Truck and for-hire Truck.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.
Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Metropolitan Data, December 2004.