Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for CBSA of Origin: 2002

Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for CBSA of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 11,084 100.0 7,650 100.0 1,198 100.0 312
Less than 50 lbs 2,389 21.6 35 0.5 11 0.9 445
50 to 99 lbs 582 5.3 32 0.4 6 0.5 S
100 to 499 lbs 1,333 12.0 232 3.0 33 2.8 S
500 to 749 lbs 375 3.4 113 1.5 19 1.6 S
750 to 999 lbs 173 1.6 52 0.7 12 1.0 S
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 2,746 24.8 S S 114 9.5 S
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 2,744 24.8 1,295 16.9 S S 256
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 551 5.0 3,701 48.4 376 31.4 102
100,000 lbs or more 191 1.7 670 8.8 S S 266

Single modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 9,455 100.0 7,585 100.0 1,143 100.0 S
Less than 50 lbs 1,212 12.8 20 0.3 3 0.3 S
50 to 99 lbs 330 3.5 27 0.4 3 0.3 S
100 to 499 lbs 1,163 12.3 222 2.9 28 2.4 S
500 to 749 lbs 366 3.9 108 1.4 19 1.6 S
750 to 999 lbs 173 1.8 51 0.7 12 1.0 S
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 2,734 28.9 S S 111 9.7 S
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 2,741 29.0 1,288 17.0 S S 247
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 550 5.8 3,696 48.7 369 32.3 101
100,000 lbs or more 188 2.0 652 8.6 155 13.6 240

Truck2

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 8,061 100.0 6,158 100.0 936 100.0 S
Less than 50 lbs 449 5.6 19 0.3 1 0.1 S
50 to 99 lbs 264 3.3 22 0.4 2 0.2 S
100 to 499 lbs 982 12.2 197 3.2 25 2.7 S
500 to 749 lbs 315 3.9 88 1.4 18 1.9 S
750 to 999 lbs 141 1.8 51 0.8 11 1.2 S
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 2,621 32.5 856 13.9 96 10.3 S
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 2,740 34.0 1,272 20.7 S S 254
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 549 6.8 3,653 59.3 339 36.2 94
100,000 lbs or more

Rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 288 100.0 S S 159 100.0 S
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S 5
50 to 99 lbs S S S S S S S
100 to 499 lbs S S S S S S 12
500 to 749 lbs S S S S S S 5
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 5
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 7
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 5
100,000 lbs or more 188 65.1 652 46.5 155 97.3 240

All other Single modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 1,106 100.0 S S S S 2,032
Less than 50 lbs 760 68.8 1 4.5 2 4.4 2,011
50 to 99 lbs 36 3.3 1 2.2 1 2.6 2,299
100 to 499 lbs 164 14.9 1 4.1 2 4.7 2,272
500 to 749 lbs S S S S 1 2.3 2,524
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S 1,757
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 64 5.8 6 25.4 11 22.5 1,862
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 125
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 2,091
100,000 lbs or more

Multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 1,425 100.0 27 100.0 16 100.0 776
Less than 50 lbs 1,053 73.9 S S 7 47.8 777
50 to 99 lbs 228 16.0 S S S S 786
100 to 499 lbs 137 9.6 S S S S 910
500 to 749 lbs S S S S S S S
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S 487
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Parcel, USPS or courier

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 1,410 100.0 27 100.0 16 100.0 780
Less than 50 lbs 1,039 73.6 S S 7 47.8 781
50 to 99 lbs 228 16.2 S S S S 786
100 to 499 lbs 137 9.7 S S S S 910
500 to 749 lbs S S S S S S S
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S 487
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

All other Multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes S S S S S S 136
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S 136
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Other and unknown modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes S S S S S S S
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S 62
50 to 99 lbs 24 11.8 S S 0.3 S
100 to 499 lbs S S S S S S S
500 to 749 lbs S S S S S S 7
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S 5
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 12 5.8 3 7.5 3 8.2 1,102
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 4 1.8 S S S S 2,024
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,585
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S 1,021

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private Truck, only for-hire Truck, or combination of private Truck and for-hire Truck.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.
Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Metropolitan Data, December 2004.