Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for CBSA of Origin: 2002

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for CBSA of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 21,797 100.0 28,056 100.0 5,799 100.0
Less than 50 miles 7,311 33.5 17,630 62.8 266 4.6
50 to 99 miles 1,183 5.4 1,541 5.5 134 2.3
100 to 249 miles 4,150 19.0 3,373 12.0 837 14.4
250 to 499 miles 3,698 17.0 2,895 10.3 1,388 23.9
500 to 749 miles 2,409 11.1 791 2.8 592 10.2
750 to 999 miles 824 3.8 S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles 996 4.6 283 1.0 411 7.1
1,500 to 1,999 miles 156 0.7 14 29 0.5
2,000 miles or more 1,072 4.9 281 1.0 803 13.8

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 17,571 100.0 25,216 100.0 5,047 100.0
Less than 50 miles 6,422 36.5 16,089 63.8 260 5.2
50 to 99 miles 1,058 6.0 1,537 6.1 133 2.6
100 to 249 miles 3,368 19.2 3,354 13.3 833 16.5
250 to 499 miles 2,591 14.7 1,696 6.7 774 15.3
500 to 749 miles 1,967 11.2 771 3.1 577 11.4
750 to 999 miles 592 3.4 S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles 740 4.2 274 1.1 399 7.9
1,500 to 1,999 miles 65 0.4 11 23 0.5
2,000 miles or more 768 4.4 257 1.0 728 14.4

Truck2

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 16,784 100.0 23,299 100.0 4,205 100.0
Less than 50 miles 6,371 38.0 15,848 68.0 241 5.7
50 to 99 miles 1,003 6.0 1,478 6.3 128 3.1
100 to 249 miles 3,116 18.6 2,329 10.0 502 11.9
250 to 499 miles 2,423 14.4 1,262 5.4 574 13.7
500 to 749 miles 1,893 11.3 704 3.0 520 12.4
750 to 999 miles 577 3.4 S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles 687 4.1 248 1.1 356 8.5
1,500 to 1,999 miles 57 0.3 10 20 0.5
2,000 miles or more 657 3.9 201 0.9 553 13.1

Rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 635 100.0 S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles 180 28.3 S S S S
250 to 499 miles 154 24.3 S S S S
500 to 749 miles S S S S S S
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles 52 8.2 26 1.4 43 5.2
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more 98 15.5 55 3.0 175 20.9

All other Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 152 100.0 S S 4 100.0
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles 72 47.1 S S 6.2
250 to 499 miles S S S S S S
500 to 749 miles S S S S S S
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more 12 8.2 S S S S

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 3,534 100.0 S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S 7 0.6
50 to 99 miles S S 4 0.4
100 to 249 miles 506 14.3 13 1.0 3 0.4
250 to 499 miles 1,086 30.7 S S S S
500 to 749 miles 430 12.2 17 1.4 13 1.9
750 to 999 miles 214 6.1 6 0.5 6 0.9
1,000 to 1,499 miles 176 5.0 6 0.4 8 1.1
1,500 to 1,999 miles 91 2.6 S S S S
2,000 miles or more 300 8.5 S S S S

Parcel, USPS or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 3,199 100.0 88 100.0 64 100.0
Less than 50 miles S S 7 8.2 0.2
50 to 99 miles S S 4 5.0 0.6
100 to 249 miles 506 15.8 13 14.4 3 4.7
250 to 499 miles 752 23.5 27 30.4 13 19.8
500 to 749 miles 430 13.4 17 19.6 13 20.2
750 to 999 miles 214 6.7 6 6.9 6 9.5
1,000 to 1,499 miles 176 5.5 6 6.3 8 12.2
1,500 to 1,999 miles 91 2.8 S S S S
2,000 miles or more 299 9.4 5 6.1 15 23.8

All other Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles S S S S S S
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 692 100.0 S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles 276 39.9 6 0.4 1 1.9
250 to 499 miles S S S S S S
500 to 749 miles S S S S S S
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private Truck, only for-hire Truck, or combination of private Truck and for-hire Truck.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.
Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Metropolitan Data, December 2004.