Table 6. Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for CBSA of Origin: 2002

Table 6. Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for CBSA of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All Commodities

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 21,797 100.0 28,056 100.0 5,799 100.0 324
Single modes 17,571 80.6 25,216 89.9 5,047 87.0 158
Truck2 16,784 77.0 23,299 83.0 4,205 72.5 154
Rail 635 2.9 S S S S 504
All other Single modes 152 0.7 S S 4 668
Multiple modes 3,534 16.2 S S S S 824
Parcel, USPS or courier 3,199 14.7 88 0.3 64 1.1 823
All other Multiple modes S S S S S S 3,702
Other and unknown modes 692 3.2 S S S S S

SCTG 01-05, Agriculture products and fish

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 1,350 100.0 S S S S 492
Single modes 1,350 100.0 S S S S 494
Truck2 1,299 96.2 S S S S 494
Rail S S S S S S 509
All other Single modes
Multiple modes S S S S S S 609
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 609
All other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 11

SCTG 06-09, Grains, alcohol, and tobacco products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 3,038 100.0 3,922 100.0 1,125 100.0 567
Single modes 2,962 97.5 3,910 99.7 1,116 99.3 341
Truck2 2,475 81.5 3,032 77.3 754 67.1 333
Rail 487 16.0 S S S S S
All other Single modes
Multiple modes S S S S S S 775
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 775
All other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1

SCTG 10-14, Stones, non-metallic minerals, and metallic ores

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes S S 7,926 100.0 153 100.0 59
Single modes S S 7,887 99.5 122 79.8 23
Truck2 S S 7,887 99.5 122 79.8 23
Rail
All other Single modes
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,423
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,233
All other Multiple modes S S S S S S 5,422
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 579

SCTG 15-19, Coal and petroleum products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes S S S S S S 30
Single modes 967 74.3 3,536 75.2 S S 30
Truck2 967 74.3 3,536 75.2 S S 30
Rail
All other Single modes
Multiple modes S S S S S S S
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 34
All other Multiple modes S S S S S S 513
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2

SCTG 20-24, Pharmaceutical and chemical products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 1,142 100.0 S S 459 100.0 330
Single modes 1,095 95.9 S S 457 99.6 213
Truck2 1,014 88.8 S S 332 72.3 206
Rail 80 7.0 S S 123 26.9 1,520
All other Single modes S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 46 4.1 3 0.3 2 0.4 603
Parcel, USPS or courier 46 4.1 3 0.3 2 0.4 603
All other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 57

SCTG 25-30, Logs, wood products, and textile and leather

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 2,788 100.0 788 100.0 296 100.0 591
Single modes 2,205 79.1 746 94.6 275 93.0 224
Truck2 2,171 77.9 740 93.9 275 92.8 213
Rail
All other Single modes S S S S S S 539
Multiple modes 297 10.6 S S S S 929
Parcel, USPS or courier 297 10.6 S S S S 929
All other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 286 10.3 20 2.5 S S S

SCTG 31-34, Base metal and machinery

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 3,663 100.0 3,096 100.0 395 100.0 266
Single modes 3,324 90.7 3,067 99.0 375 94.9 S
Truck2 3,262 89.1 2,736 88.4 270 68.4 S
Rail S S S S S S 358
All other Single modes 45 1.2 S S S S 956
Multiple modes 312 8.5 S S 6 1.4 444
Parcel, USPS or courier 312 8.5 S S 6 1.4 444
All other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 35-38, Electronic, motorized vehicles, and precision instruments

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 5,055 100.0 448 100.0 127 100.0 354
Single modes 2,823 55.8 382 85.3 S S S
Truck2 2,756 54.5 381 85.2 S S S
Rail
All other Single modes S S 1 0.2 S S 770
Multiple modes 2,051 40.6 S S 23 18.1 917
Parcel, USPS or courier 2,051 40.6 S S 23 18.1 917
All other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 39-43, Furniture, mixed freight and misc manufactured products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 3,376 100.0 S S S S 251
Single modes 2,770 82.0 1,597 52.1 S S 190
Truck2 2,765 81.9 1,597 52.1 S S 190
Rail S S S S S S 214
All other Single modes S S S S S S 551
Multiple modes 413 12.2 S S S S 916
Parcel, USPS or courier 413 12.2 9 0.3 S S 915
All other Multiple modes S S S S S S 3,247
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

Commodity Unknown

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes S S S S 1 100.0 1,083
Single modes S S S S S S S
Truck2 S S S S S S S
Rail
All other Single modes
Multiple modes S S S S S S 3,077
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 3,077
All other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private Truck, only for-hire Truck, or combination of private Truck and for-hire Truck.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.
Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Metropolitan Data, December 2004.