Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for CBSA of Origin: 2002

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for CBSA of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 23,269 100.0 50,235 100.0 3,419 100.0
Less than 50 miles 9,782 42.0 43,118 85.8 622 18.2
50 to 99 miles 1,944 8.4 2,596 5.2 244 7.1
100 to 249 miles 2,743 11.8 2,274 4.5 496 14.5
250 to 499 miles 2,743 11.8 1,229 2.4 530 15.5
500 to 749 miles 1,262 5.4 426 0.8 303 8.9
750 to 999 miles 754 3.2 S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles 935 4.0 98 0.2 147 4.3
1,500 to 1,999 miles 231 1.0 43 91 2.7
2,000 miles or more S S 304 0.6 836 24.5

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 19,574 100.0 50,055 100.0 3,368 100.0
Less than 50 miles 8,549 43.7 43,016 85.9 618 18.4
50 to 99 miles 1,746 8.9 2,576 5.1 242 7.2
100 to 249 miles 2,225 11.4 2,256 4.5 492 14.6
250 to 499 miles 2,324 11.9 1,210 2.4 522 15.5
500 to 749 miles 929 4.7 420 0.8 298 8.8
750 to 999 miles 492 2.5 S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S 94 0.2 141 4.2
1,500 to 1,999 miles 122 0.6 41 89 2.6
2,000 miles or more S S 299 0.6 820 24.3

Truck2

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 18,585 100.0 48,914 100.0 3,076 100.0
Less than 50 miles 8,547 46.0 42,776 87.5 608 19.8
50 to 99 miles 1,735 9.3 2,177 4.5 178 5.8
100 to 249 miles 2,176 11.7 1,814 3.7 353 11.5
250 to 499 miles 2,051 11.0 1,208 2.5 520 16.9
500 to 749 miles 845 4.5 387 0.8 272 8.8
750 to 999 miles 453 2.4 S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S 75 0.2 107 3.5
1,500 to 1,999 miles 67 0.4 41 88 2.9
2,000 miles or more S S 294 0.6 805 26.2

Rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles S S S S S S
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

All other Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 916 100.0 14 100.0 18 100.0
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles 41 4.5 S S 1 6.8
250 to 499 miles 273 29.8 3 21.8 2 10.9
500 to 749 miles 46 5.1 S S S S
750 to 999 miles S S 1.3 1.3
1,000 to 1,499 miles 166 18.1 1 5.7 1 6.4
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 3,297 100.0 58 100.0 37 100.0
Less than 50 miles 909 27.6 24 42.4 S S
50 to 99 miles S S 2 4.0 0.5
100 to 249 miles 507 15.4 6 10.4 1 3.7
250 to 499 miles 394 11.9 8 13.1 4 9.7
500 to 749 miles S S 4 6.8 3 7.8
750 to 999 miles 251 7.6 3 5.2 S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles 324 9.8 4 6.6 5 14.9
1,500 to 1,999 miles 109 3.3 1 1.9 2 6.4
2,000 miles or more 299 9.1 S S S S

Parcel, USPS or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 3,281 100.0 49 100.0 35 100.0
Less than 50 miles 897 27.3 S S S S
50 to 99 miles S S 1 2.8 0.3
100 to 249 miles 507 15.4 6 12.3 1 3.9
250 to 499 miles 391 11.9 6 11.6 3 7.9
500 to 749 miles S S 4 8.1 3 8.2
750 to 999 miles 251 7.7 3 6.2 S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles 324 9.9 4 7.8 5 15.8
1,500 to 1,999 miles 109 3.3 1 2.3 2 6.8
2,000 miles or more 299 9.1 S S S S

All other Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles S S S S S S
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 398 100.0 122 100.0 14 100.0
Less than 50 miles 324 81.2 78 63.9 S S
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles S S S S S S
500 to 749 miles S S S S S S
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private Truck, only for-hire Truck, or combination of private Truck and for-hire Truck.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.
Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Metropolitan Data, December 2004.