Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for State of Origin: 2002

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for State of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 127,727 100.0 216,383 100.0 60,813 100.0
Less than 50 miles 25,788 20.2 91,899 42.5 2,049 3.4
50 to 99 miles 13,799 10.8 21,285 9.8 2,030 3.3
100 to 249 miles 25,524 20.0 48,119 22.2 10,435 17.2
250 to 499 miles 25,599 20.0 26,318 12.2 12,968 21.3
500 to 749 miles 18,484 14.5 14,557 6.7 11,096 18.2
750 to 999 miles 8,124 6.4 7,083 3.3 7,456 12.3
1,000 to 1,499 miles 4,433 3.5 S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles 4,487 3.5 2,944 1.4 7,059 11.6
2,000 miles or more 1,488 1.2 638 0.3 1,661 2.7

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 114,779 100.0 206,455 100.0 60,157 100.0
Less than 50 miles 23,234 20.2 83,090 40.2 1,976 3.3
50 to 99 miles 12,779 11.1 21,167 10.3 2,018 3.4
100 to 249 miles 22,819 19.9 47,639 23.1 10,307 17.1
250 to 499 miles 23,492 20.5 26,074 12.6 12,847 21.4
500 to 749 miles 16,059 14.0 14,400 7.0 10,980 18.3
750 to 999 miles 7,122 6.2 7,036 3.4 7,410 12.3
1,000 to 1,499 miles 4,104 3.6 S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles 4,035 3.5 2,903 1.4 6,967 11.6
2,000 miles or more 1,136 1.0 620 0.3 1,608 2.7

Truck2

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 101,595 100.0 152,285 100.0 30,505 100.0
Less than 50 miles 22,829 22.5 77,328 50.8 1,587 5.2
50 to 99 miles 12,550 12.4 19,707 12.9 1,824 6.0
100 to 249 miles 20,956 20.6 25,752 16.9 4,969 16.3
250 to 499 miles 19,447 19.1 13,527 8.9 5,768 18.9
500 to 749 miles 13,943 13.7 9,025 5.9 6,409 21.0
750 to 999 miles 5,506 5.4 3,663 2.4 3,647 12.0
1,000 to 1,499 miles 2,877 2.8 1,330 0.9 1,816 6.0
1,500 to 1,999 miles 2,505 2.5 1,425 0.9 3,141 10.3
2,000 miles or more 983 1.0 528 0.3 1,344 4.4

For-hire truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 57,169 100.0 83,913 100.0 24,625 100.0
Less than 50 miles 6,166 10.8 29,917 35.7 644 2.6
50 to 99 miles 5,262 9.2 12,583 15.0 1,166 4.7
100 to 249 miles 10,301 18.0 15,813 18.8 3,043 12.4
250 to 499 miles 14,045 24.6 11,137 13.3 4,773 19.4
500 to 749 miles 10,756 18.8 7,920 9.4 5,609 22.8
750 to 999 miles 5,164 9.0 3,425 4.1 3,415 13.9
1,000 to 1,499 miles 2,751 4.8 1,262 1.5 1,725 7.0
1,500 to 1,999 miles 2,112 3.7 1,371 1.6 3,019 12.3
2,000 miles or more 612 1.1 485 0.6 S S

Private truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 44,213 100.0 68,306 100.0 5,869 100.0
Less than 50 miles 16,659 37.7 47,380 69.4 941 16.0
50 to 99 miles 7,284 16.5 7,122 10.4 658 11.2
100 to 249 miles 10,456 23.6 9,906 14.5 1,918 32.7
250 to 499 miles 5,396 12.2 2,388 3.5 995 17.0
500 to 749 miles 3,186 7.2 1,104 1.6 799 13.6
750 to 999 miles 341 0.8 238 0.3 232 4.0
1,000 to 1,499 miles 127 0.3 68 0.1 91 1.5
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 11,530 100.0 49,082 100.0 27,321 100.0
Less than 50 miles 242 2.1 4,386 8.9 373 1.4
50 to 99 miles 228 2.0 1,455 3.0 194 0.7
100 to 249 miles 1,530 13.3 20,846 42.5 5,081 18.6
250 to 499 miles 3,573 31.0 10,148 20.7 5,267 19.3
500 to 749 miles 1,934 16.8 5,282 10.8 4,487 16.4
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles 1,279 11.1 S S S S
2,000 miles or more S S 90 0.2 260 1.0

Water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles S S S S S S
500 to 749 miles S S S S S S
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

Shallow draft

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles S S S S S S
500 to 749 miles S S S S S S
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

Great Lakes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

Deep draft

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances S S 8 100.0 3 100.0
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles 2.1 6 76.2 3 87.1
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

Air (including truck and air)

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 1,246 100.0 S S S S
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles S S S S S S
500 to 749 miles 155 12.4 S S 3 6.0
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles 33 2.6 1.2 1 1.7
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more 68 5.4 S S 5 11.6

Pipeline3

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles S S
500 to 749 miles S S
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S
2,000 miles or more S S

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 9,056 100.0 573 100.0 329 100.0
Less than 50 miles 709 7.8 17 3.0 1 0.2
50 to 99 miles 633 7.0 26 4.6 2 0.7
100 to 249 miles 2,012 22.2 S S S S
250 to 499 miles 1,649 18.2 54 9.4 26 8.0
500 to 749 miles 2,095 23.1 52 9.1 39 12.0
750 to 999 miles 916 10.1 26 4.5 26 7.9
1,000 to 1,499 miles 307 3.4 6 1.0 8 2.5
1,500 to 1,999 miles 403 4.4 38 6.7 85 26.0
2,000 miles or more 333 3.7 13 2.3 41 12.5

Parcel, USPS or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 8,877 100.0 229 100.0 131 100.0
Less than 50 miles 709 8.0 17 7.6 1 0.4
50 to 99 miles 632 7.1 26 11.4 2 1.8
100 to 249 miles 1,986 22.4 60 26.1 13 10.1
250 to 499 miles 1,637 18.4 43 18.7 19 14.7
500 to 749 miles 2,061 23.2 42 18.2 30 22.9
750 to 999 miles 907 10.2 19 8.3 19 14.3
1,000 to 1,499 miles 307 3.5 6 2.6 8 6.2
1,500 to 1,999 miles 336 3.8 12 5.1 25 19.5
2,000 miles or more 303 3.4 5 2.0 13 10.0

Truck and rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 146 100.0 56 100.0 100 100.0
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles S S S S S S
500 to 749 miles S S S S S S
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles 67 45.9 26 47.0 60 60.0
2,000 miles or more S S 7 12.5 20 20.1

Truck and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles S S S S S S
500 to 749 miles S S S S S S
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Rail and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

Other Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 3,892 100.0 9,354 100.0 327 100.0
Less than 50 miles 1,845 47.4 8,792 94.0 72 22.1
50 to 99 miles 387 10.0 92 1.0 9 2.7
100 to 249 miles 693 17.8 139 1.5 29 8.7
250 to 499 miles 459 11.8 191 2.0 94 28.8
500 to 749 miles 330 8.5 105 1.1 76 23.3
750 to 999 miles S S 21 0.2 20 6.2
1,000 to 1,499 miles 22 0.6 S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private truck, only for-hire truck, or a combination of private truck and for-hire truck.
3 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.
Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.