Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for State of Origin: 2002

Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for State of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 127,727 100.0 216,383 100.0 60,813 100.0 389
Less than 50 lbs 10,199 8.0 225 0.1 79 0.1 522
50 to 99 lbs 3,168 2.5 202 39 193
100 to 499 lbs 9,800 7.7 1,452 0.7 254 0.4 187
500 to 749 lbs 2,532 2.0 765 0.4 120 0.2 159
750 to 999 lbs 1,915 1.5 718 0.3 103 0.2 143
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 26,738 20.9 10,377 4.8 2,630 4.3 239
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 53,864 42.2 70,473 32.6 23,032 37.9 319
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 6,806 5.3 57,159 26.4 4,325 7.1 73
100,000 lbs or more 12,705 9.9 75,013 34.7 30,231 49.7 528

Single modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 114,779 100.0 206,455 100.0 60,157 100.0 186
Less than 50 lbs 3,930 3.4 107 19 180
50 to 99 lbs 2,268 2.0 162 21 125
100 to 499 lbs 7,980 7.0 1,351 0.7 202 0.3 151
500 to 749 lbs 2,185 1.9 748 0.4 115 0.2 156
750 to 999 lbs 1,734 1.5 712 0.3 101 0.2 141
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 25,112 21.9 9,915 4.8 2,517 4.2 239
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 52,570 45.8 68,256 33.1 22,791 37.9 328
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 6,774 5.9 57,014 27.6 4,307 7.2 73
100,000 lbs or more 12,225 10.7 68,191 33.0 30,085 50.0 548

Truck2

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 101,595 100.0 152,285 100.0 30,505 100.0 161
Less than 50 lbs 3,489 3.4 105 15 122
50 to 99 lbs 2,143 2.1 161 0.1 20 120
100 to 499 lbs 7,708 7.6 1,348 0.9 198 0.6 148
500 to 749 lbs 2,176 2.1 746 0.5 113 0.4 153
750 to 999 lbs 1,734 1.7 712 0.5 101 0.3 141
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 24,624 24.2 9,878 6.5 2,482 8.1 238
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 51,935 51.1 67,653 44.4 21,828 71.6 320
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 6,388 6.3 56,152 36.9 3,822 12.5 68
100,000 lbs or more 1,397 1.4 15,530 10.2 1,925 6.3 147

For-hire truck

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 57,169 100.0 83,913 100.0 24,625 100.0 477
Less than 50 lbs 1,436 2.5 11 6 487
50 to 99 lbs 693 1.2 14 8 574
100 to 499 lbs 2,599 4.5 179 0.2 113 0.5 598
500 to 749 lbs 999 1.7 107 0.1 70 0.3 658
750 to 999 lbs 625 1.1 88 0.1 56 0.2 628
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 11,786 20.6 3,175 3.8 1,592 6.5 566
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 34,783 60.8 43,283 51.6 18,639 75.7 445
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 3,534 6.2 28,398 33.8 2,735 11.1 97
100,000 lbs or more 715 1.3 8,658 10.3 1,404 5.7 198

Private truck

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 44,213 100.0 68,306 100.0 5,869 100.0 82
Less than 50 lbs 2,015 4.6 93 0.1 9 0.1 76
50 to 99 lbs 1,450 3.3 147 0.2 12 0.2 80
100 to 499 lbs 5,073 11.5 1,165 1.7 84 1.4 74
500 to 749 lbs 1,176 2.7 639 0.9 43 0.7 68
750 to 999 lbs 1,108 2.5 624 0.9 45 0.8 72
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 12,836 29.0 6,702 9.8 890 15.2 114
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 17,018 38.5 24,309 35.6 3,179 54.2 132
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 2,854 6.5 27,755 40.6 1,087 18.5 39
100,000 lbs or more S S 6,873 10.1 521 8.9 S

Rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 11,530 100.0 49,082 100.0 27,321 100.0 714
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S S
50 to 99 lbs S S S S S S 288
100 to 499 lbs S S S S S S 1,575
500 to 749 lbs S S S S S S 288
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S 8 5 S
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 611 5.3 S S S S 1,643
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 366 3.2 762 1.6 485 1.8 635
100,000 lbs or more 10,465 90.8 47,784 97.4 25,871 94.7 664

Water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes S S S S S S S
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 1
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S S S S
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 1
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S 220

Shallow draft

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes S S S S S S S
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 1
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 1
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 1
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S 220

Great Lakes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Deep draft

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes S S 8 100.0 3 100.0 214
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 213
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more 2.1 6 76.2 3 87.1 451

Air (including truck and air)

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 1,246 100.0 S S S S 1,453
Less than 50 lbs 416 33.4 2 7.3 4 9.0 1,470
50 to 99 lbs 124 10.0 1 2.8 1 2.4 1,177
100 to 499 lbs S S 2 7.1 3 6.7 1,263
500 to 749 lbs S S 1 4.1 2 5.3 1,734
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S 1,491
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,274
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 2,699
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S 551

Pipeline3

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes S S S S S S S
Less than 50 lbs S S S
50 to 99 lbs S S S
100 to 499 lbs S S S S S S S
500 to 749 lbs S S S
750 to 999 lbs S S S
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S S S S
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S 13 2.3 S S S
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S S

Multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 9,056 100.0 573 100.0 329 100.0 732
Less than 50 lbs 5,839 64.5 105 18.3 59 18.0 744
50 to 99 lbs 882 9.7 38 6.5 18 5.4 480
100 to 499 lbs 1,652 18.2 70 12.3 48 14.7 677
500 to 749 lbs S S 12 2.0 4 1.2 305
750 to 999 lbs S S 4 0.7 2 0.6 463
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 864
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 146 1.6 60 10.4 109 33.0 1,957
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 662
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S 307

Parcel, USPS or courier

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 8,877 100.0 229 100.0 131 100.0 732
Less than 50 lbs 5,838 65.8 105 45.9 59 45.3 744
50 to 99 lbs 882 9.9 38 16.4 18 13.5 480
100 to 499 lbs 1,648 18.6 70 30.7 48 36.6 669
500 to 749 lbs S S 12 5.1 4 2.9 303
750 to 999 lbs S S 4 1.8 2 1.4 463
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 987
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Truck and rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 146 100.0 56 100.0 100 100.0 1,234
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs S S S S S S S
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 2,155
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 141 96.8 52 92.5 97 97.2 2,002
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 662
100,000 lbs or more

Truck and water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes S S S S S S 2,348
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S 1,466
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs S S S S S S 4,615
500 to 749 lbs S S S S S S 1,115
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 416
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,539
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Rail and water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes S S S S S S 307
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S 307

Other Multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Other and unknown modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 3,892 100.0 9,354 100.0 327 100.0 S
Less than 50 lbs 431 11.1 13 0.1 S S S
50 to 99 lbs 18 0.5 3 S S S
100 to 499 lbs S S 31 0.3 S S 164
500 to 749 lbs 27 0.7 6 S S S
750 to 999 lbs 2 1 S S 151
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 1,602 41.2 462 4.9 112 34.4 237
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 1,148 29.5 S S 132 40.5 S
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 113
100,000 lbs or more S S 6,542 69.9 60 18.5 S

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private truck, only for-hire truck, or a combination of private tuck and for-hire truck.
3 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.
Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.