Table 6. Shipment Characteristics by Two-Digit Commodity and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002

Table 6. Shipment Characteristics by Two-Digit Commodity and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All Commodities2

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 127,727 100.0 216,383 100.0 60,813 100.0 389
Single modes 114,779 89.9 206,455 95.4 60,157 98.9 186
Truck3 101,595 79.5 152,285 70.4 30,505 50.2 161
For-hire Truck 57,169 44.8 83,913 38.8 24,625 40.5 477
Private Truck 44,213 34.6 68,306 31.6 5,869 9.7 82
Rail 11,530 9.0 49,082 22.7 27,321 44.9 714
Water S S S S S S S
Shallow draft S S S S S S S
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S 8 3 214
Air (including truck and air) 1,246 1.0 S S S S 1,453
Pipeline4 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 9,056 7.1 573 0.3 329 0.5 732
Parcel, USPS or courier 8,877 6.9 229 0.1 131 0.2 732
Truck and rail 146 0.1 56 100 0.2 1,234
Truck and water S S S S S S 2,348
Rail and water S S S S S S 307
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 3,892 3.0 9,354 4.3 327 0.5 S

SCTG 1, Live animals and live fish

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 534
Single modes S S S S S S 534
Truck3 S S S S S S 534
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 591
Private Truck S S S S S S 57
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 2, Cereal grains

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes
Single modes
Truck3
For-hire Truck
Private Truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 3, Other agricultural products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 63
Single modes S S S S S S 68
Truck3 S S S S S S 55
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 68
Private Truck S S S S S S 44
Rail
Water S S S S S S 788
Shallow draft S S S S S S 788
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 7

SCTG 4, Animal feed and products of animal origin, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,281 100.0 S S 907 100.0 S
Single modes 1,249 97.5 S S 898 99.0 S
Truck3 1,171 91.4 S S 737 81.2 S
For-hire Truck 475 37.1 S S S S 246
Private Truck S S S S S S 49
Rail S S S S S S 405
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 205
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 205
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 37

SCTG 5, Meat, fish,s eafood, and their preparations

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 3,665 100.0 2,329 100.0 1,539 100.0 S
Single modes 3,646 99.5 2,322 99.7 1,539 100.0 S
Truck3 3,592 98.0 2,288 98.2 1,434 93.2 S
For-hire Truck 2,812 76.7 1,848 79.3 1,294 84.1 710
Private Truck 778 21.2 440 18.9 S S S
Rail S S S S S S 3,068
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 6, Milled grain products and preparations, and bakery products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 68
Single modes S S S S S S 71
Truck3 S S S S S S 67
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 109
Private Truck S S S S S S 32
Rail S S S S S S 335
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 7

SCTG 7, Other prepared food stuffs and fats and oils

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 7,786 100.0 9,650 100.0 1,860 100.0 S
Single modes 7,718 99.1 9,332 96.7 1,857 99.8 S
Truck3 7,398 95.0 8,480 87.9 1,523 81.9 S
For-hire Truck 2,439 31.3 2,357 24.4 904 48.6 578
Private Truck 4,959 63.7 6,124 63.5 619 33.3 S
Rail 320 4.1 851 8.8 334 17.9 392
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 428
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 428
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 8, Alcoholic beverages

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 886 100.0 777 100.0 17 100.0 22
Single modes 885 99.9 777 100.0 17 100.0 22
Truck3 885 99.9 777 100.0 17 100.0 22
For-hire Truck
Private Truck 882 99.5 774 99.5 17 99.7 22
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 34
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 34
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2

SCTG 9, Tobacco products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S 22 100.0 S
Single modes S S S S 22 98.8 S
Truck3 S S S S 22 98.8 S
For-hire Truck 163 11.5 20 20.3 15 66.1 1,006
Private Truck S S S S S S 35
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S 1.2 426
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S 1.2 426
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 10, Monumental or building stone

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 11
Single modes S S S S S S 11
Truck3 S S S S S S 11
For-hire Truck
Private Truck S S S S S S 11
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 11, Natural sands

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 103 100.0 S S S S 69
Single modes 103 100.0 S S S S 69
Truck3 87 84.6 13,096 58.9 S S 40
For-hire Truck 45 43.6 4,304 19.4 S S 88
Private Truck S S S S S S 29
Rail S S S S S S 199
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 12, Gravel and crushed stone

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 194 100.0 21,508 100.0 2,231 100.0 53
Single modes 194 100.0 21,507 100.0 2,231 100.0 53
Truck3 161 83.1 17,423 81.0 841 37.7 46
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 93
Private Truck 79 40.6 13,076 60.8 467 20.9 27
Rail 30 15.7 3,830 17.8 1,252 56.1 324
Water S S S S S S 544
Shallow draft S S S S S S 544
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 27

SCTG 13, Non-metallic minerals nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 53 100.0 4,355 100.0 675 100.0 S
Single modes 53 99.8 4,354 100.0 674 100.0 S
Truck3 37 68.8 3,801 87.3 S S S
For-hire Truck 24 44.4 2,077 47.7 S S S
Private Truck 13 24.4 1,723 39.6 30 4.4 17
Rail S S 553 12.7 331 49.1 600
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 430
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 430
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 22

SCTG 14, Metallic ores and concentrates

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 132
Single modes S S S S S S 132
Truck3 S S S S S S 132
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 132
Private Truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 15, Coal

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 700 100.0 19,844 100.0 3,023 100.0 77
Single modes 509 72.7 14,624 73.7 2,904 96.1 77
Truck3 88 12.6 2,701 13.6 198 6.5 71
For-hire Truck 85 12.1 2,627 13.2 190 6.3 70
Private Truck S S S S S S 103
Rail 398 56.8 11,330 57.1 2,658 87.9 142
Water S S S S S S 105
Shallow draft S S S S S S 105
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 307
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water S S S S S S 307
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 7

SCTG 17, Gasoline and aviation turbine fuel

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 3,516 100.0 12,767 100.0 395 100.0 30
Single modes 3,515 100.0 12,765 100.0 394 100.0 30
Truck3 3,514 99.9 12,764 100.0 394 100.0 30
For-hire Truck 1,631 46.4 6,259 49.0 212 53.6 S
Private Truck 1,883 53.6 6,506 51.0 183 46.4 34
Rail
Water S S S S S S 1
Shallow draft S S S S S S 1
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 51

SCTG 18, Fuel oils

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,535 100.0 6,712 100.0 226 100.0 30
Single modes 1,534 100.0 6,710 100.0 226 100.0 30
Truck3 1,401 91.3 6,132 91.4 216 95.3 30
For-hire Truck 767 50.0 3,392 50.5 101 44.7 S
Private Truck 634 41.3 2,739 40.8 114 50.5 32
Rail S S S S S S 75
Water S S S S S S 2
Shallow draft S S S S S S 2
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 13

SCTG 19, Coal and petroleum products, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 860 100.0 4,461 100.0 1,023 100.0 S
Single modes 827 96.1 4,434 99.4 1,018 99.5 S
Truck3 706 82.0 3,566 79.9 420 41.1 S
For-hire Truck 437 50.8 2,919 65.4 379 37.1 S
Private Truck S S 646 14.5 42 4.1 26
Rail 121 14.1 868 19.5 597 58.4 674
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 62

SCTG 20, Basic chemicals

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,810 100.0 8,470 100.0 2,334 100.0 S
Single modes 1,759 97.2 8,412 99.3 2,295 98.3 S
Truck3 1,245 68.7 S S S S S
For-hire Truck 839 46.3 779 9.2 196 8.4 230
Private Truck 406 22.4 S S S S 48
Rail 436 24.1 2,595 30.6 1,372 58.8 556
Water S S S S S S 326
Shallow draft S S S S S S 573
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 213
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,041
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 222
Truck and rail S S S S S S 2,040
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 21, Pharmaceutical products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 6,813 100.0 128 100.0 29 100.0 792
Single modes 3,477 51.0 106 82.8 16 57.1 239
Truck3 3,477 51.0 106 82.8 16 57.1 239
For-hire Truck 2,165 31.8 28 22.0 13 44.7 334
Private Truck 1,241 18.2 76 59.4 3 10.6 92
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 3,337 49.0 22 17.2 12 42.9 858
Parcel, USPS or courier 3,333 48.9 22 17.1 12 41.0 858
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 4,615
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 22, Fertilizers

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 953
Single modes S S S S S S 953
Truck3 S S S S S S 929
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 931
Private Truck S S S S S S 902
Rail S S S S S S 2,699
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 23, Chemical products and preparations, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 757 100.0 438 100.0 S S 555
Single modes 729 96.3 433 99.0 S S 571
Truck3 729 96.3 433 99.0 S S 571
For-hire Truck S S 332 75.9 S S 794
Private Truck 104 13.7 101 23.1 S S 40
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 321
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 206
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 193
Truck and rail S S S S S S 2,136
Truck and water S S S S S S 422
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 106

SCTG 24, Plastics and rubber

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 6,756 100.0 3,147 100.0 1,217 100.0 230
Single modes 6,418 95.0 3,080 97.9 1,148 94.4 172
Truck3 5,968 88.3 2,490 79.1 846 69.5 169
For-hire Truck 3,974 58.8 1,772 56.3 742 61.0 464
Private Truck S S S S 104 8.5 S
Rail S S S S S S 478
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 953
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 318 4.7 34 1.1 48 4.0 636
Parcel, USPS or courier 240 3.5 S S 5 0.4 633
Truck and rail 78 1.1 23 0.7 41 3.4 1,838
Truck and water S S S S S S 927
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 25, Logs and other wood in the rough

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 53
Single modes S S S S S S 53
Truck3 S S S S S S 37
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 49
Private Truck S S S S S S S
Rail S S S S S S 1,004
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 26, Wood products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 3,290 100.0 15,155 100.0 3,019 100.0 217
Single modes 3,187 96.9 15,136 99.9 3,015 99.8 207
Truck3 2,885 87.7 14,106 93.1 2,103 69.6 196
For-hire Truck 1,761 53.5 S S 1,817 60.2 226
Private Truck 1,125 34.2 2,002 13.2 286 9.5 177
Rail S S S S S S 881
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,183
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S S
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 235

SCTG 27, Pulp, newsprint, paper, and paper board

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 4,324 100.0 7,181 100.0 4,809 100.0 298
Single modes 4,263 98.6 7,172 99.9 4,806 100.0 296
Truck3 2,475 57.2 3,880 54.0 2,285 47.5 266
For-hire Truck 2,139 49.5 3,558 49.5 2,072 43.1 631
Private Truck 336 7.8 322 4.5 S S S
Rail 1,787 41.3 3,292 45.8 2,521 52.4 822
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,347
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 390
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 390
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 132

SCTG 28, Paper or paper board articles

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 464 100.0 S S S S 148
Single modes 459 99.0 S S S S 144
Truck3 459 99.0 S S S S 144
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 511
Private Truck S S S S S S 69
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 251
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 251
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 42

SCTG 29, Printed products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 683
Single modes S S S S S S 456
Truck3 S S S S S S 384
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 640
Private Truck S S S S S S 304
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 971
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 780
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 780
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 108 1.3 10 1.8 S S S

SCTG 30, Textiles, leather,and articles of textiles or leather

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 10,173 100.0 2,527 100.0 996 100.0 770
Single modes 9,748 95.8 2,492 98.6 979 98.3 689
Truck3 9,747 95.8 2,492 98.6 978 98.3 681
For-hire Truck 6,991 68.7 1,497 59.3 792 79.5 778
Private Truck 2,756 27.1 994 39.4 187 18.7 541
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 1 S S S S 2,456
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 329 3.2 22 0.9 15 1.5 887
Parcel, USPS or courier 315 3.1 14 0.5 9 1.0 883
Truck and rail S S S S S S 688
Truck and water S S S S S S 1,458
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S 2 0.2 236

SCTG 31, Nonmetallic mineral products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S 24,976 100.0 S S 212
Single modes S S 23,293 93.3 S S 216
Truck3 S S 11,764 47.1 S S 186
For-hire Truck S S 7,868 31.5 S S 392
Private Truck 529 9.3 S S S S 155
Rail S S S S S S 983
Water S S S S S S 235
Shallow draft S S S S S S 235
Great Lakes
Deep draft 6 3 451
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,065
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 519
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 513
Truck and rail S S S S S S 2,402
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 32, Base metal in primary or semifinished forms and in finished basic shapes

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 6,895 100.0 12,107 100.0 6,030 100.0 324
Single modes 6,778 98.3 12,077 99.8 6,007 99.6 297
Truck3 5,638 81.8 9,338 77.1 3,192 52.9 271
For-hire Truck 4,660 67.6 7,588 62.7 2,717 45.1 405
Private Truck 979 14.2 1,750 14.5 475 7.9 103
Rail 1,109 16.1 2,647 21.9 2,730 45.3 948
Water S S S S S S 903
Shallow draft S S S S S S 903
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,737
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S 16 0.1 S S 505
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 7 3 502
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,935
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 12 0.2 13 0.1 2 114

SCTG 33, Articles of base metal

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 4,938 100.0 2,745 100.0 1,216 100.0 370
Single modes 4,305 87.2 2,671 97.3 1,186 97.5 241
Truck3 4,291 86.9 2,662 97.0 1,174 96.6 238
For-hire Truck 2,731 55.3 1,880 68.5 967 79.6 498
Private Truck 1,559 31.6 782 28.5 207 17.0 146
Rail S S S S S S 1,256
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 11 0.2 S S 1,483
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S 20 0.7 14 1.2 590
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 20 0.7 14 1.2 591
Truck and rail S S S S S S 93
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 63 1.3 54 2.0 16 1.3 S

SCTG 34, Machinery

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 3,861 100.0 503 100.0 229 100.0 236
Single modes 2,949 76.4 392 77.9 182 79.7 S
Truck3 2,647 68.6 316 62.7 102 44.4 S
For-hire Truck 1,801 46.6 240 47.7 93 40.9 412
Private Truck 846 21.9 76 15.0 8 3.6 27
Rail 263 6.8 76 15.1 80 35.0 1,055
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,108
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 370 9.6 15 2.9 12 5.3 S
Parcel, USPS or courier 362 9.4 S S 4 1.7 S
Truck and rail S S S S S S 2,782
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 541 14.0 S S 34 14.9 185

SCTG 35, Electronic and other electrical equipment and components and office equipment

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 6,071 100.0 858 100.0 446 100.0 556
Single modes 4,532 74.7 765 89.2 377 84.6 325
Truck3 3,643 60.0 743 86.6 345 77.5 S
For-hire Truck 3,109 51.2 561 65.4 321 72.1 532
Private Truck S S S S S S S
Rail S S S S S S 82
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,503
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 1,300 21.4 26 3.1 23 5.2 755
Parcel, USPS or courier 1,293 21.3 23 2.6 16 3.7 755
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,953
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 239 3.9 S S S S S

SCTG 36, Motorized and other vehicles (including parts)

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 10,147 100.0 1,620 100.0 763 100.0 103
Single modes 7,937 78.2 1,128 69.6 684 89.7 S
Truck3 4,958 48.9 912 56.3 457 60.0 S
For-hire Truck 2,158 21.3 272 16.8 230 30.1 687
Private Truck 2,800 27.6 640 39.5 227 29.8 S
Rail 2,978 29.4 216 13.3 227 29.7 980
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 949
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 239
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 239
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 37, Transportation equipment, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S 38 100.0 26 100.0 1,545
Single modes S S 37 96.5 23 89.6 1,373
Truck3 S S 37 95.9 23 88.6 1,157
For-hire Truck S S 36 95.1 23 88.0 1,237
Private Truck S S S S S S 538
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,986
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,657
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,657
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 38, Precision instruments and apparatus

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,575 100.0 130 100.0 S S 333
Single modes 1,310 83.2 125 95.9 S S S
Truck3 1,301 82.6 125 95.9 S S S
For-hire Truck 1,066 67.7 S S S S 745
Private Truck S S S S 4 12.2 S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,192
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S 4 3.4 3 8.7 736
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 4 3.4 3 8.7 736
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 39, Furniture, mattresses and mattress supports, lamps, lighting fittings

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,228 100.0 593 100.0 358 100.0 1,029
Single modes 2,090 93.8 586 98.8 347 96.8 992
Truck3 1,920 86.2 581 98.0 343 95.8 576
For-hire Truck 677 30.4 178 30.0 136 37.9 709
Private Truck 1,243 55.8 403 68.0 207 57.9 522
Rail S S S S S S 853
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,558
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,126
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,126
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,354

SCTG 40, Miscellaneous manufactured products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 4,113 100.0 S S 613 100.0 686
Single modes 3,106 75.5 1,914 80.2 581 94.7 577
Truck3 3,064 74.5 1,913 80.2 581 94.7 552
For-hire Truck 2,535 61.6 1,768 74.1 534 87.1 690
Private Truck 530 12.9 145 6.1 47 7.6 202
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 695 16.9 24 1.0 16 2.7 732
Parcel, USPS or courier 695 16.9 24 1.0 16 2.7 732
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 726

SCTG 41, Waste and scrap

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 64 100.0 S S S S 140
Single modes 63 98.8 S S S S 135
Truck3 63 98.8 S S S S 135
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 164
Private Truck S S S S S S 93
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 4,803
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 4,803
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 27

SCTG 43, Mixed freight

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 12,055 100.0 4,314 100.0 662 100.0 171
Single modes 11,715 97.2 4,272 99.0 653 98.6 95
Truck3 11,712 97.2 4,272 99.0 652 98.4 88
For-hire Truck S S 75 1.7 32 4.8 473
Private Truck 10,447 86.7 4,194 97.2 620 93.6 80
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 3 S S S S 1,538
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 239 2.0 13 0.3 6 0.9 578
Parcel, USPS or courier 239 2.0 13 0.3 6 0.9 578
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S 3 0.5 S

Commodity unknown

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 508 100.0 228 100.0 S S 278
Single modes 483 95.1 228 99.9 S S S
Truck3 455 89.6 141 61.8 S S S
For-hire Truck S S 89 39.0 20 26.2 193
Private Truck S S 52 22.8 S S S
Rail S S S S S S 148
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S 0.1 0.1 S
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 0.1 0.1 S
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 4

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 Estimates exclude shipments of crude petroleum (SCTG 16).
3 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private truck, only for-hire truck, or a combination of private tuck and for-hire truck.
4 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs. Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.