Table 13 - Shipment Characteristics by Destination and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002

Table 13 - Shipment Characteristics by Destination and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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Total

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 127,727 100.0 216,383 100.0 60,813 100.0 389
Single modes 114,779 89.9 206,455 95.4 60,157 98.9 186
Truck 101,595 79.5 152,285 70.4 30,505 50.2 161
For-hire truck 57,169 44.8 83,913 38.8 24,625 40.5 477
Private truck 44,213 34.6 68,306 31.6 5,869 9.7 82
Rail 11,530 9.0 49,082 22.7 27,321 44.9 714
Water S S S S S S S
Shallow draft S S S S S S S
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S 8 3 214
Air (including truck and air) 1,246 1.0 S S S S 1,453
Pipeline3 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 9,056 7.1 573 0.3 329 0.5 732
Parcel, USPS or courier 8,877 6.9 229 0.1 131 0.2 732
Truck and rail 146 0.1 56 100 0.2 1,234
Truck and water S S S S S S 2,348
Rail and water S S S S S S 307
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 3,892 3.0 9,354 4.3 327 0.5 S

Alabama

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 40,388 100.0 122,747 100.0 7,500 100.0 46
Single modes 36,839 91.2 113,533 92.5 7,324 97.7 44
Truck 35,672 88.3 99,180 80.8 4,587 61.2 43
For-hire truck 10,970 27.2 45,246 36.9 2,732 36.4 73
Private truck 24,698 61.2 53,903 43.9 1,854 24.7 41
Rail 998 2.5 12,870 10.5 2,684 35.8 123
Water S S S S S S S
Shallow draft S S S S S S S
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 860
Pipeline3 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 1,443 3.6 S S S S 105
Parcel, USPS or courier 1,434 3.5 39 4 105
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water S S S S S S 307
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 2,105 5.2 8,895 7.2 86 1.1 S

Alaska

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 2,271
Single modes S S S S S S 2,222
Truck S S S S S S 2,104
For-hire truck S S S S S S 2,104
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 3,802
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,272
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 2,272
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Arizona

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 362 100.0 107 100.0 186 100.0 1,732
Single modes 288 79.6 106 99.2 184 99.3 1,794
Truck 269 74.3 90 84.2 153 82.3 1,693
For-hire truck 266 73.5 89 83.8 152 81.9 1,694
Private truck S S S S S S 1,691
Rail S S S S S S 1,979
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,667
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 0.4 1 0.4 1,709
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 0.4 1 0.4 1,709
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,687

Arkansas

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,204 100.0 1,036 100.0 489 100.0 496
Single modes 1,146 95.2 1,029 99.4 486 99.3 485
Truck 1,076 89.4 789 76.2 357 72.9 443
For-hire truck 762 63.3 669 64.6 305 62.4 446
Private truck S S 120 11.6 52 10.5 427
Rail 63 5.2 240 23.2 129 26.4 532
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,204
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 50 4.1 4 0.4 2 0.4 504
Parcel, USPS or courier 50 4.1 4 0.4 2 0.4 504
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 558

California

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 4,306 100.0 2,601 100.0 6,326 100.0 2,192
Single modes 3,784 87.9 2,555 98.2 6,220 98.3 2,230
Truck 2,257 52.4 1,090 41.9 2,398 37.9 2,139
For-hire truck 1,854 43.1 1,028 39.5 2,257 35.7 2,135
Private truck S S S S S S 2,160
Rail 1,273 29.6 S S S S 2,604
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,500
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 453 10.5 39 1.5 89 1.4 2,177
Parcel, USPS or courier 378 8.8 11 0.4 24 0.4 2,177
Truck and rail 75 1.7 28 1.1 65 1.0 2,309
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,315

Colorado

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,502 100.0 213 100.0 293 100.0 1,420
Single modes 1,424 94.8 211 99.1 290 99.1 1,382
Truck 1,347 89.6 156 73.4 210 71.9 1,361
For-hire truck 1,324 88.1 143 67.2 191 65.2 1,366
Private truck 23 1.5 S S S S 1,352
Rail S S 55 25.7 80 27.2 1,440
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,023
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 2 0.7 2 0.7 1,426
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 2 0.7 2 0.7 1,426
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,625

Connecticut

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 284 100.0 S S 270 100.0 1,087
Single modes 258 91.0 S S 270 99.9 1,160
Truck 224 78.8 S S S S 1,104
For-hire truck 204 71.8 S S S S 1,105
Private truck S S S S S S 1,085
Rail 29 10.1 56 24.2 82 30.5 1,477
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,268
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 0.2 0.1 1,064
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 0.2 0.1 1,064
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,050

Delaware

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 48 100.0 12 100.0 11 100.0 850
Single modes 24 51.1 S S S S 844
Truck 24 51.1 S S S S 844
For-hire truck 24 50.8 S S S S 845
Private truck S S S S S S 789
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 853
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 853
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 891

District of Columbia

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 781
Single modes S S S S S S 738
Truck 4 10.9 S S S S 737
For-hire truck 4 10.9 S S S S 737
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 743
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 782
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 782
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Florida

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 7,268 100.0 11,715 100.0 4,657 100.0 365
Single modes 6,272 86.3 11,650 99.4 4,629 99.4 248
Truck 5,853 80.5 6,205 53.0 2,112 45.4 243
For-hire truck 2,392 32.9 3,668 31.3 1,533 32.9 446
Private truck 3,431 47.2 2,536 21.7 579 12.4 201
Rail 392 5.4 S S S S 511
Water S S S S S S 628
Shallow draft S S S S S S 636
Great Lakes
Deep draft 6 3 451
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,050
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 737 10.1 19 0.2 9 0.2 535
Parcel, USPS or courier 734 10.1 18 0.2 9 0.2 535
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 411
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S 46 0.4 19 0.4 275

Georgia

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 14,777 100.0 20,142 100.0 4,642 100.0 189
Single modes 13,743 93.0 20,085 99.7 4,628 99.7 178
Truck 11,169 75.6 8,873 44.1 1,903 41.0 172
For-hire truck 6,636 44.9 5,913 29.4 1,303 28.1 221
Private truck 4,528 30.6 2,958 14.7 599 12.9 148
Rail 2,533 17.1 S S S S 249
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 562
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 823 5.6 17 5 0.1 209
Parcel, USPS or courier 819 5.5 13 3 209
Truck and rail S S S S S S 662
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 210 1.4 39 0.2 9 0.2 244

Hawaii

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 31 100.0 S S S S 4,687
Single modes S S S S S S 4,866
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 4,866
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 4,662
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 4,663
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 4,621
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Idaho

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 2,098
Single modes S S S S S S 2,152
Truck S S S S S S 2,152
For-hire truck S S S S S S 2,152
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 6 1.7 S S S S 2,080
Parcel, USPS or courier 6 1.7 S S S S 2,080
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Illinois

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,483 100.0 1,730 100.0 1,313 100.0 670
Single modes 2,148 86.5 1,710 98.8 1,299 98.9 678
Truck 1,750 70.5 1,106 63.9 715 54.5 667
For-hire truck 1,276 51.4 866 50.1 557 42.5 657
Private truck 347 14.0 214 12.4 151 11.5 718
Rail 387 15.6 603 34.9 583 44.4 934
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 797
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 294 11.8 9 0.5 7 0.6 666
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 6 0.3 4 0.3 666
Truck and rail S S S S S S 935
Truck and water S S S S S S 1,115
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 616

Indiana

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,463 100.0 1,689 100.0 1,035 100.0 481
Single modes 2,110 85.7 1,657 98.1 1,018 98.3 535
Truck 1,827 74.2 776 46.0 408 39.4 519
For-hire truck 1,678 68.1 695 41.2 366 35.4 516
Private truck 150 6.1 81 4.8 41 4.0 539
Rail 254 10.3 881 52.2 610 58.9 651
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 623
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 305 12.4 6 0.4 3 0.3 472
Parcel, USPS or courier 305 12.4 6 0.4 3 0.3 472
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 47 1.9 26 1.5 14 1.4 503

Iowa

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S 282 100.0 250 100.0 862
Single modes S S 280 99.1 248 99.2 876
Truck S S 246 87.2 211 84.7 872
For-hire truck S S 236 83.5 202 81.0 902
Private truck 15 1.6 11 3.7 9 3.7 752
Rail 8 0.9 33 11.9 36 14.5 1,076
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 905
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 0.2 0.1 863
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 0.2 0.1 863
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 806

Kansas

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 668 100.0 506 100.0 396 100.0 783
Single modes 613 91.9 503 99.6 394 99.5 827
Truck 563 84.3 395 78.1 313 79.2 778
For-hire truck 442 66.2 371 73.5 295 74.6 778
Private truck S S 23 4.6 18 4.6 753
Rail S S 109 21.5 80 20.3 727
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,141
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 1 0.2 1 0.2 759
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 1 0.2 1 0.2 759
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 945

Kentucky

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,795 100.0 1,659 100.0 645 100.0 360
Single modes 1,700 94.7 1,633 98.4 632 97.9 355
Truck 1,310 73.0 1,336 80.5 477 74.1 351
For-hire truck 930 51.8 1,005 60.6 378 58.7 350
Private truck 380 21.1 331 19.9 99 15.4 359
Rail 215 12.0 287 17.3 149 23.1 516
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 412
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 59 3.3 2 0.1 S S 365
Parcel, USPS or courier 59 3.3 2 0.1 S S 365
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 450

Louisiana

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 3,266 100.0 6,871 100.0 3,437 100.0 318
Single modes 2,849 87.2 6,842 99.6 3,427 99.7 324
Truck 2,202 67.4 1,951 28.4 565 16.4 274
For-hire truck 1,383 42.4 1,051 15.3 365 10.6 296
Private truck 819 25.1 S S S S 253
Rail S S S S S S 536
Water S S S S S S 611
Shallow draft S S S S S S 631
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 213
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,316
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 352 10.8 S S S S 314
Parcel, USPS or courier 338 10.4 S S S S 314
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 238
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S 12 0.2 5 0.1 336

Maine

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 44 100.0 S S S S 1,336
Single modes 36 83.6 S S S S 1,346
Truck 36 83.6 S S S S 1,346
For-hire truck 35 79.8 S S S S 1,346
Private truck S S S S S S 1,299
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 7 15.3 S S S S 1,326
Parcel, USPS or courier 7 15.3 S S S S 1,326
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,451

Maryland

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,011 100.0 546 100.0 476 100.0 786
Single modes 802 79.4 540 98.8 470 98.8 819
Truck 651 64.4 326 59.6 259 54.5 809
For-hire truck 597 59.1 298 54.5 238 49.9 809
Private truck 53 5.2 28 5.1 21 4.5 802
Rail 150 14.8 S S S S 965
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,003
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 206 20.4 4 0.8 4 0.8 783
Parcel, USPS or courier 204 20.2 3 0.6 3 0.5 783
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,193
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 808

Massachusetts

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 856 100.0 S S S S 1,161
Single modes 647 75.6 S S S S 1,176
Truck 626 73.2 S S S S 1,172
For-hire truck 619 72.3 S S S S 1,171
Private truck 8 0.9 S S S S 1,247
Rail 14 1.6 27 4.8 36 5.4 1,357
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,403
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 203 23.7 1 0.3 2 0.3 1,160
Parcel, USPS or courier 203 23.7 1 0.3 2 0.3 1,160
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,214

Michigan

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,403 100.0 1,112 100.0 822 100.0 774
Single modes 2,252 93.7 1,095 98.5 808 98.3 738
Truck 1,890 78.7 941 84.7 669 81.3 731
For-hire truck 1,352 56.3 794 71.4 562 68.4 730
Private truck S S 148 13.3 107 13.0 736
Rail S S 152 13.6 138 16.8 904
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 22 0.9 S S S S 773
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 138 5.7 11 1.0 9 1.1 791
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 4 0.3 3 0.4 791
Truck and rail S S S S S S 889
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 809

Minnesota

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 889 100.0 580 100.0 641 100.0 1,083
Single modes 780 87.8 579 99.8 639 99.8 1,088
Truck 729 82.0 494 85.2 533 83.1 1,078
For-hire truck 706 79.4 484 83.5 521 81.4 1,073
Private truck S S 10 1.7 11 1.8 1,099
Rail 49 5.5 84 14.6 107 16.7 1,271
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,397
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 64 7.2 S S 1 0.2 1,082
Parcel, USPS or courier 64 7.2 S S 1 0.2 1,082
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,082

Mississippi

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 5,931 100.0 9,495 100.0 1,589 100.0 187
Single modes 5,021 84.7 9,423 99.2 1,576 99.1 187
Truck 4,747 80.0 7,656 80.6 1,070 67.3 170
For-hire truck S S S S 571 35.9 197
Private truck 1,425 24.0 3,171 33.4 499 31.4 151
Rail 263 4.4 1,760 18.5 505 31.8 323
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,084
Pipeline3 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 677 11.4 30 0.3 6 0.4 187
Parcel, USPS or courier 677 11.4 29 0.3 6 0.4 187
Truck and rail S S S S S S 93
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 168

Missouri

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,196 100.0 947 100.0 569 100.0 616
Single modes 1,088 91.0 891 94.0 531 93.3 641
Truck 994 83.1 707 74.7 405 71.1 562
For-hire truck 893 74.6 643 67.9 362 63.6 558
Private truck S S 64 6.8 43 7.5 571
Rail 79 6.6 183 19.3 126 22.1 701
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,217
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 48 4.0 4 0.4 2 0.4 578
Parcel, USPS or courier 48 4.0 4 0.4 2 0.4 578
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 752
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 706

Montana

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 2,060
Single modes S S S S S S 1,957
Truck S S S S S S 1,957
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,955
Private truck S S S S S S 2,010
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 0.3 0.3 2,091
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 0.3 0.3 2,091
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Nebraska

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 272 100.0 276 100.0 274 100.0 1,083
Single modes 256 94.1 276 99.9 273 99.9 1,007
Truck 248 91.2 221 79.8 220 80.5 1,008
For-hire truck 224 82.5 S S S S 1,015
Private truck S S S S S S 864
Rail S S S S S S 957
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 1,104
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 1,104
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Nevada

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 144 100.0 S S S S 2,099
Single modes 82 57.0 S S S S 2,207
Truck 82 57.0 S S S S 2,207
For-hire truck 72 49.9 S S S S 2,205
Private truck S S S S S S 2,539
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,399
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 62 43.0 2 1.4 5 1.3 2,090
Parcel, USPS or courier 60 41.7 S S S S 2,090
Truck and rail S S S S S S 2,807
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

New Hampshire

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 98 100.0 45 100.0 57 100.0 1,221
Single modes 77 78.5 45 99.3 56 99.3 1,179
Truck 75 77.0 43 94.8 53 93.7 1,178
For-hire truck 66 67.5 36 78.9 44 77.0 1,177
Private truck S S S S S S 1,208
Rail S S S S S S 1,514
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,233
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,233
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,171

New Jersey

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,023 100.0 856 100.0 806 100.0 941
Single modes 856 83.7 841 98.3 791 98.2 928
Truck 810 79.2 569 66.5 542 67.2 909
For-hire truck 737 72.1 495 57.8 474 58.9 943
Private truck 72 7.1 75 8.7 68 8.4 839
Rail S S S S S S 1,064
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 2 0.2 S S S S 1,104
Pipeline3 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 152 14.8 9 1.0 9 1.1 943
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 943
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,104
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 987

New Mexico

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 89 100.0 66 100.0 102 100.0 1,371
Single modes 79 88.7 65 99.4 101 99.5 1,388
Truck 60 67.2 28 43.2 35 34.3 1,267
For-hire truck 60 67.2 28 43.2 35 34.3 1,267
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 1,794
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,464
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,353
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,353
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,292

New York

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,031 100.0 611 100.0 671 100.0 1,043
Single modes 1,710 84.2 601 98.4 661 98.5 1,043
Truck 1,569 77.2 538 88.1 578 86.1 1,039
For-hire truck 1,464 72.1 486 79.6 517 77.1 1,032
Private truck 105 5.2 52 8.5 61 9.1 1,061
Rail 29 1.4 58 9.5 79 11.7 1,352
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,059
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 315 15.5 8 1.3 8 1.2 1,043
Parcel, USPS or courier 315 15.5 8 1.3 8 1.2 1,043
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,054

North Carolina

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 3,125 100.0 2,300 100.0 1,259 100.0 489
Single modes 2,903 92.9 2,280 99.1 1,249 99.2 489
Truck 2,773 88.7 1,535 66.7 782 62.1 483
For-hire truck 1,959 62.7 1,183 51.4 594 47.2 460
Private truck 814 26.0 352 15.3 188 15.0 527
Rail 128 4.1 745 32.4 467 37.1 602
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 883
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 151 4.8 4 0.2 2 0.2 490
Parcel, USPS or courier 151 4.8 4 0.2 2 0.2 490
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 457

North Dakota

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 1,585
Single modes S S S S S S 1,794
Truck 40 5.9 29 2.5 44 1.9 1,505
For-hire truck 40 5.9 29 2.5 44 1.9 1,505
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 1,950
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,376
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,376
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Ohio

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,702 100.0 2,219 100.0 1,522 100.0 634
Single modes 2,160 79.9 2,174 98.0 1,497 98.4 577
Truck 2,000 74.0 1,503 67.7 934 61.4 569
For-hire truck 1,773 65.6 1,402 63.2 877 57.6 572
Private truck S S 101 4.6 57 3.7 541
Rail 132 4.9 S S S S 831
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 557
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 435 16.1 3 0.1 2 0.1 640
Parcel, USPS or courier 435 16.1 3 0.1 2 0.1 640
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S 42 1.9 22 1.5 599

Oklahoma

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S 497 100.0 422 100.0 691
Single modes S S 496 99.7 421 99.7 735
Truck S S S S S S 716
For-hire truck 372 42.7 S S S S 711
Private truck S S 30 6.1 21 5.1 742
Rail S S S S S S 1,136
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,285
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 1 0.2 1 0.2 676
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 1 0.2 1 0.2 676
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 683

Oregon

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 360 100.0 S S S S 2,590
Single modes S S S S S S 2,651
Truck S S S S S S 2,568
For-hire truck 103 28.6 S S S S 2,582
Private truck S S S S S S 2,508
Rail S S S S S S 2,810
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,714
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 1 0.4 3 0.4 2,583
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 1 0.4 3 0.4 2,583
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Pennsylvania

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,533 100.0 960 100.0 854 100.0 828
Single modes 1,390 90.7 947 98.6 842 98.6 883
Truck 1,305 85.1 793 82.6 687 80.5 825
For-hire truck 1,110 72.4 609 63.5 525 61.5 819
Private truck 195 12.7 184 19.1 162 19.0 851
Rail 75 4.9 154 16.0 155 18.1 1,001
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 10 0.6 998
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 116 7.6 4 0.4 4 0.4 804
Parcel, USPS or courier 116 7.6 4 0.4 4 0.4 800
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 1,466
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 860

Rhode Island

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 1,147
Single modes S S S S S S 1,160
Truck S S S S S S 1,151
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,151
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 1,624
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,067
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,126
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,126
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,079

South Carolina

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 3,036 100.0 4,618 100.0 2,155 100.0 358
Single modes 2,713 89.4 4,596 99.5 2,147 99.6 415
Truck 2,488 81.9 2,158 46.7 836 38.8 377
For-hire truck 1,742 57.4 1,755 38.0 696 32.3 383
Private truck 745 24.5 400 8.7 140 6.5 365
Rail S S S S S S 542
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,389
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 135 4.5 S S S S 338
Parcel, USPS or courier 130 4.3 3 1 338
Truck and rail S S S S S S 714
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 316

South Dakota

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 24 100.0 18 100.0 21 100.0 1,122
Single modes 23 95.2 18 99.6 21 99.6 1,142
Truck 21 89.6 18 99.6 21 99.6 1,139
For-hire truck 21 88.6 18 97.1 20 97.1 1,139
Private truck S S S S S S 1,126
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,450
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,246
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,246
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 944

Tennessee

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 6,786 100.0 6,455 100.0 1,438 100.0 237
Single modes 6,199 91.4 6,420 99.4 1,431 99.5 256
Truck 5,733 84.5 5,499 85.2 1,095 76.2 208
For-hire truck 2,754 40.6 3,392 52.5 762 53.0 228
Private truck 2,941 43.3 2,103 32.6 332 23.1 173
Rail 176 2.6 667 10.3 198 13.7 266
Water S S S S S S 544
Shallow draft S S S S S S 544
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 843
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 506 7.5 13 0.2 3 0.2 226
Parcel, USPS or courier 506 7.5 13 0.2 3 0.2 226
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 80 1.2 23 0.4 4 0.3 186

Texas

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 6,663 100.0 7,229 100.0 6,406 100.0 803
Single modes 6,195 93.0 7,166 99.1 6,370 99.4 873
Truck 4,380 65.7 3,133 43.3 2,289 35.7 732
For-hire truck 3,815 57.3 2,899 40.1 2,118 33.1 733
Private truck 565 8.5 234 3.2 171 2.7 727
Rail S S S S S S 997
Water S S S S S S 836
Shallow draft S S S S S S 836
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 91 1.4 1 1 1,609
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 413 6.2 15 0.2 10 0.2 762
Parcel, USPS or courier 412 6.2 11 0.2 8 0.1 762
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 607
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 54 0.8 S S S S 770

Utah

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 149 100.0 184 100.0 341 100.0 1,841
Single modes 135 90.9 183 99.9 340 99.9 1,844
Truck 116 78.1 S S S S 1,831
For-hire truck 116 77.8 S S S S 1,838
Private truck S S S S S S 1,758
Rail 19 12.6 40 21.8 80 23.4 2,000
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,226
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 0.1 0.1 1,836
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 0.1 0.1 1,836
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Vermont

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 1,197
Single modes S S S S S S 1,172
Truck S S S S S S 1,172
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,172
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,236
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,236
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,387

Virginia

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,346 100.0 792 100.0 550 100.0 684
Single modes 1,094 81.3 782 98.7 543 98.8 667
Truck 992 73.7 513 64.7 337 61.2 657
For-hire truck 645 47.9 453 57.2 301 54.7 647
Private truck S S 60 7.6 36 6.5 689
Rail 98 7.3 269 34.0 207 37.6 765
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 944
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 161 12.0 3 0.4 2 0.4 687
Parcel, USPS or courier 161 12.0 3 0.4 2 0.4 687
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 668

Washington

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 551 100.0 209 100.0 570 100.0 2,598
Single modes S S 203 97.0 552 96.9 2,637
Truck S S S S S S 2,571
For-hire truck 165 29.9 S S S S 2,552
Private truck S S S S S S 2,623
Rail S S S S S S 2,998
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 26 4.6 S S S S 2,743
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 121 21.9 6 3.0 17 3.1 2,587
Parcel, USPS or courier 104 18.9 2 0.8 4 0.8 2,587
Truck and rail S S S S S S 2,818
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

West Virginia

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 129 100.0 104 100.0 67 100.0 629
Single modes 97 75.1 102 98.2 66 98.2 574
Truck 92 71.3 87 83.5 53 79.4 572
For-hire truck S S 63 60.3 39 57.9 571
Private truck S S S S S S 576
Rail S S S S S S 821
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 1 0.6 0.7 661
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 1 0.6 0.7 661
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 643

Wisconsin

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 995 100.0 1,269 100.0 1,189 100.0 822
Single modes 909 91.4 1,264 99.5 1,184 99.6 884
Truck 805 80.9 S S S S 831
For-hire truck 789 79.2 S S S S 836
Private truck 17 1.7 S S S S 770
Rail 96 9.7 240 18.9 242 20.3 999
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 8 0.8 S S S S 1,275
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 81 8.1 S S S S 796
Parcel, USPS or courier 80 8.1 2 0.1 1 0.1 796
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 913
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 863

Wyoming

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 1,718
Single modes S S S S S S 1,938
Truck S S S S S S 1,662
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,662
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 2,041
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,636
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,636
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Estimates represent activity for a given mode across single and multiple mode shipments. For example, "Truck" ton-miles includes total ton-miles for shipments moving only by truck plus ton-miles for truck segments of multiple mode shipments.
2 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
3 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs. Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.