Table 15 - Shipment Characteristics by Origin State and Mode of Transportation for State of Destination: 2002

Table 15 - Shipment Characteristics by Origin State and Mode of Transportation for State of Destination: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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Total

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 124,308 100.0 225,432 100.0 73,913 100.0 506
Single modes 105,142 84.6 212,068 94.1 70,872 95.9 208
Truck 95,719 77.0 153,085 67.9 23,443 31.7 183
For-hire truck 55,281 44.5 76,664 34.0 16,679 22.6 445
Private truck 40,220 32.4 76,200 33.8 6,614 8.9 112
Rail 5,305 4.3 52,405 23.2 43,950 59.5 588
Water 1,066 0.9 6,112 2.7 3,395 4.6 S
Shallow draft 1,006 0.8 5,955 2.6 3,192 4.3 S
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 1,652
Air (including truck and air) 3,013 2.4 S S S S 1,478
Pipeline3 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 12,629 10.2 2,783 1.2 2,334 3.2 860
Parcel, USPS or courier 11,571 9.3 302 0.1 196 0.3 860
Truck and Rail 705 0.6 839 0.4 678 0.9 1,077
Truck and water S S S S S S 1,971
Rail and water S S S S S S 815
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 923
Other and unknown modes 6,537 5.3 10,581 4.7 706 1.0 S

Alabama

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 40,388 100.0 122,747 100.0 7,500 100.0 46
Single modes 36,839 91.2 113,533 92.5 7,324 97.7 44
Truck 35,672 88.3 99,180 80.8 4,587 61.2 43
For-hire truck 10,970 27.2 45,246 36.9 2,732 36.4 73
Private truck 24,698 61.2 53,903 43.9 1,854 24.7 41
Rail 998 2.5 12,870 10.5 2,684 35.8 123
Water S S S S S S S
Shallow draft S S S S S S S
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 860
Pipeline3 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 1,443 3.6 S S S S 105
Parcel, USPS or courier 1,434 3.5 39 4 105
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water S S S S S S 307
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 2,105 5.2 8,895 7.2 86 1.1 S

Alaska

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 3,646
Single modes S S S S S S 4,277
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 4,277
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,970
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,970
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Arizona

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 1,748
Single modes 102 25.1 S S S S 1,989
Truck 65 16.2 S S S S 1,658
For-hire truck 65 16.0 S S S S 1,655
Private truck S S S S S S 1,725
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 36 9.0 0.6 0.8 2,334
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 1 2.1 1 2.1 1,668
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 1 2.1 1 2.1 1,668
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Arkansas

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,582 100.0 1,414 100.0 621 100.0 483
Single modes 1,442 91.1 1,403 99.2 615 99.2 415
Truck 1,388 87.7 1,149 81.2 487 78.5 413
For-hire truck 1,013 64.0 1,014 71.7 432 69.7 413
Private truck 349 22.0 128 9.1 52 8.3 413
Rail 52 3.3 254 18.0 128 20.7 506
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,124
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 589
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 589
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 413

California

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 3,328 100.0 1,187 100.0 2,707 100.0 2,237
Single modes 2,188 65.7 S S S S 2,219
Truck 1,030 30.9 325 27.4 700 25.9 2,097
For-hire truck 791 23.8 277 23.3 598 22.1 2,085
Private truck S S S S S S 2,133
Rail 201 6.0 S S S S 2,476
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 957 28.8 S S S S 2,497
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 1,119 33.6 141 11.8 343 12.7 2,243
Parcel, USPS or courier 977 29.4 18 1.5 39 1.4 2,243
Truck and Rail 142 4.3 123 10.3 305 11.3 2,484
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,054

Colorado

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 552 100.0 4,023 100.0 6,316 100.0 1,444
Single modes 309 56.1 4,020 99.9 6,312 99.9 1,430
Truck 180 32.6 S S S S 1,377
For-hire truck 151 27.4 S S S S 1,379
Private truck S S S S S S 1,357
Rail 125 22.7 S S S S 1,473
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 4 0.8 S S S S 1,792
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 1 1 1,449
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 1 1 1,449
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,317

Connecticut

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 358 100.0 43 100.0 49 100.0 1,147
Single modes 112 31.4 36 82.7 41 83.6 1,175
Truck 108 30.2 36 82.7 41 83.5 1,122
For-hire truck 90 25.2 31 72.0 35 71.8 1,104
Private truck S S S S S S 1,272
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,411
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 241 67.3 4 10.4 5 10.3 1,147
Parcel, USPS or courier 241 67.3 4 10.4 5 10.3 1,147
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,030

Delaware

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 109 100.0 56 100.0 52 100.0 896
Single modes 82 75.0 55 97.0 51 96.7 964
Truck 46 42.5 26 45.5 23 43.4 894
For-hire truck 46 42.5 26 45.5 23 43.4 894
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 964
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,077
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 870
Parcel, USPS or courier 4 3.8 0.2 0.2 860
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 1,054
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

District of Columbia

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 735
Single modes S S S S S S 715
Truck S S S S S S 715
For-hire truck S S S S S S 715
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 745
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 745
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Florida

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 4,299 100.0 3,087 100.0 1,336 100.0 408
Single modes 3,408 79.3 2,889 93.6 1,285 96.2 263
Truck 3,219 74.9 2,058 66.7 762 57.0 236
For-hire truck 1,654 38.5 1,346 43.6 525 39.3 480
Private truck 1,560 36.3 708 22.9 S S 196
Rail 152 3.5 829 26.9 522 39.1 867
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 1,360
Pipeline3 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 811 18.9 S S 16 1.2 566
Parcel, USPS or courier 802 18.7 17 0.5 9 0.7 566
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 487
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 324

Georgia

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 10,673 100.0 10,348 100.0 2,508 100.0 207
Single modes 9,893 92.7 9,820 94.9 2,337 93.2 199
Truck 9,720 91.1 8,500 82.1 1,786 71.2 197
For-hire truck 6,416 60.1 5,388 52.1 1,253 50.0 218
Private truck 3,287 30.8 3,070 29.7 519 20.7 181
Rail 112 1.1 1,166 11.3 356 14.2 313
Water S S S S S S 1,270
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 1,270
Air (including truck and air) 8 S S S S 537
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 633 5.9 S S S S 214
Parcel, USPS or courier 596 5.6 29 0.3 6 0.2 214
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 391
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 147 1.4 167 1.6 40 1.6 226

Hawaii

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 5,753
Single modes
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 5,753
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 4,782
Truck and Rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 7,518
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Idaho

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 49 100.0 S S S S 2,210
Single modes 43 87.7 S S S S 2,256
Truck 38 78.1 S S S S 2,078
For-hire truck 28 58.0 S S S S 2,081
Private truck S S S S S S 2,062
Rail S S S S S S 2,634
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,325
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 6 12.3 0.3 0.3 2,186
Parcel, USPS or courier 6 12.3 0.3 0.3 2,186
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Illinois

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 3,543 100.0 2,714 100.0 1,696 100.0 691
Single modes 2,730 77.1 2,694 99.3 1,683 99.2 736
Truck 2,432 68.6 1,208 44.5 797 47.0 709
For-hire truck 2,156 60.8 1,132 41.7 748 44.1 746
Private truck S S 76 2.8 49 2.9 580
Rail 156 4.4 1,193 43.9 718 42.4 625
Water S S S S S S 588
Shallow draft S S S S S S 588
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 1,140
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 804 22.7 14 0.5 10 0.6 682
Parcel, USPS or courier 804 22.7 14 0.5 10 0.6 682
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 788

Indiana

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,094 100.0 3,989 100.0 2,799 100.0 535
Single modes 1,311 62.6 2,681 67.2 1,771 63.3 547
Truck 932 44.5 586 14.7 307 11.0 510
For-hire truck 801 38.3 521 13.1 266 9.5 508
Private truck 131 6.2 S S S S 527
Rail 367 17.5 2,027 50.8 1,434 51.2 684
Water S S S S S S 449
Shallow draft S S S S S S 449
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,122
Pipeline3 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 731 34.9 S S S S 534
Parcel, USPS or courier 344 16.4 12 0.3 6 0.2 534
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 747
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 923
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 481

Iowa

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 940 100.0 950 100.0 985 100.0 852
Single modes 800 85.0 549 57.8 516 52.4 918
Truck 738 78.5 395 41.6 353 35.9 906
For-hire truck 613 65.2 264 27.8 231 23.5 902
Private truck S S S S S S 931
Rail S S S S S S 1,139
Water S S S S S S 1,027
Shallow draft S S S S S S 1,027
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,124
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 119 12.7 S S S S 835
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 2 0.2 2 0.2 835
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water S S S S S S 1,209
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 905

Kansas

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 533 100.0 226 100.0 200 100.0 929
Single modes 504 94.6 223 98.9 198 99.0 945
Truck 382 71.6 106 46.8 87 43.4 860
For-hire truck 325 61.0 88 39.2 73 36.3 860
Private truck 57 10.6 17 7.6 14 7.0 852
Rail 120 22.5 S S S S 925
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,203
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 25 4.7 1 0.4 1 0.4 925
Parcel, USPS or courier 25 4.7 1 0.4 1 0.4 925
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 897

Kentucky

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,468 100.0 S S S S 401
Single modes 1,979 80.2 S S S S 369
Truck 1,537 62.3 748 13.2 274 15.1 373
For-hire truck 1,004 40.7 574 10.1 206 11.4 366
Private truck S S 175 3.1 68 3.8 403
Rail S S S S S S 338
Water S S S S S S 422
Shallow draft S S S S S S 422
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 2 461
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 476 19.3 S S S S 408
Parcel, USPS or courier 470 19.1 7 0.1 3 0.2 408
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 456
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 326

Louisiana

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 3,802 100.0 3,058 100.0 1,337 100.0 280
Single modes 2,455 64.6 3,021 98.8 1,328 99.3 261
Truck 1,694 44.6 876 28.6 272 20.4 245
For-hire truck S S 720 23.5 226 16.9 255
Private truck 230 6.1 156 5.1 46 3.5 173
Rail 399 10.5 755 24.7 371 27.8 492
Water 358 9.4 S S S S 467
Shallow draft 358 9.4 S S S S 467
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,649
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 261 6.9 S S 3 0.3 330
Parcel, USPS or courier 261 6.9 S S 3 0.3 330
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 228

Maine

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 213 100.0 S S S S 1,379
Single modes 166 77.8 S S S S 1,364
Truck 165 77.5 S S S S 1,364
For-hire truck 162 76.2 S S S S 1,406
Private truck 3 1.4 S S S S 1,338
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,342
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,380
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,380
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,399

Maryland

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 529 100.0 178 100.0 145 100.0 833
Single modes 441 83.4 175 98.3 142 98.1 817
Truck S S 175 97.8 142 97.5 808
For-hire truck S S S S 139 95.9 806
Private truck S S S S S S 857
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,103
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 85 16.0 S S S S 835
Parcel, USPS or courier 79 14.9 2 0.9 1 0.9 835
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 1,013
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 788

Massachusetts

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S 158 100.0 188 100.0 1,227
Single modes S S 152 96.2 180 95.7 1,191
Truck S S 152 96.0 180 95.5 1,194
For-hire truck S S 152 95.8 179 95.3 1,194
Private truck 1 S S S S 1,186
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,169
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 293 10.5 3 1.8 4 1.9 1,237
Parcel, USPS or courier 293 10.5 3 1.8 4 1.9 1,237
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,440

Michigan

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,759 100.0 942 100.0 692 100.0 841
Single modes 2,363 85.7 899 95.4 651 94.1 837
Truck 2,310 83.7 769 81.6 543 78.4 735
For-hire truck 2,000 72.5 686 72.9 482 69.6 737
Private truck 310 11.2 83 8.8 61 8.8 713
Rail S S 128 13.6 106 15.4 830
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,027
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 359 13.0 S S S S 844
Parcel, USPS or courier 112 4.1 4 0.4 4 0.5 844
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 803
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 37 1.3 4 0.4 3 0.5 736

Minnesota

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 884 100.0 4,160 100.0 4,899 100.0 1,089
Single modes 770 87.1 4,151 99.8 4,889 99.8 1,099
Truck 472 53.4 S S S S 1,032
For-hire truck 452 51.2 S S S S 1,028
Private truck 20 2.3 S S S S 1,113
Rail S S S S S S 1,278
Water S S S S S S 1,195
Shallow draft S S S S S S 1,195
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 1,376
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 108 12.2 5 0.1 5 0.1 1,086
Parcel, USPS or courier 108 12.2 5 0.1 5 0.1 1,086
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,086

Mississippi

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 5,206 100.0 7,410 100.0 1,429 100.0 220
Single modes 5,038 96.8 6,718 90.7 1,263 88.4 230
Truck 4,770 91.6 5,833 78.7 1,050 73.4 205
For-hire truck 2,292 44.0 2,588 34.9 488 34.2 233
Private truck 2,477 47.6 3,246 43.8 562 39.3 159
Rail 238 4.6 773 10.4 206 14.4 279
Water S S S S S S 57
Shallow draft S S S S S S 57
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 967
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 80 1.5 S S S S 176
Parcel, USPS or courier 46 0.9 S S S S 175
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 250
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 127

Missouri

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,503 100.0 S S S S 666
Single modes 1,220 81.1 S S S S 680
Truck 1,169 77.8 S S S S 678
For-hire truck 760 50.5 736 25.9 486 24.4 675
Private truck S S S S S S 678
Rail 12 0.8 942 33.1 665 33.4 713
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 39 2.6 S S S S 758
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 282 18.7 S S S S 637
Parcel, USPS or courier 278 18.5 17 0.6 10 0.5 637
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 620
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 474

Montana

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 2,031
Single modes S S S S S S 2,044
Truck S S S S S S 2,008
For-hire truck S S S S S S 2,011
Private truck S S S S S S 1,974
Rail S S S S S S 2,249
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 3 7.7 2,028
Parcel, USPS or courier 3 7.7 2,028
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,901

Nebraska

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 869 100.0 S S S S 1,153
Single modes 845 97.2 S S S S 1,043
Truck 556 64.0 S S S S 1,039
For-hire truck 532 61.2 S S S S 1,041
Private truck S S S S S S 1,000
Rail S S S S S S 1,157
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,693
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 24 2.8 1,192
Parcel, USPS or courier 24 2.8 1,192
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Nevada

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 103 100.0 S S S S 2,211
Single modes S S S S S S 2,144
Truck S S S S S S 2,134
For-hire truck S S S S S S 2,260
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 2,248
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,987
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 37 35.9 S S S S 2,239
Parcel, USPS or courier 37 35.9 S S S S 2,239
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,844

New Hampshire

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 235 100.0 12 100.0 16 100.0 1,282
Single modes 121 51.4 10 85.5 13 85.8 1,279
Truck 115 48.8 10 85.4 13 85.7 1,272
For-hire truck 110 46.9 10 78.7 12 79.3 1,278
Private truck S S S S S S 1,212
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 1,304
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 114 48.6 2 14.5 2 14.2 1,283
Parcel, USPS or courier 114 48.6 2 14.5 2 14.2 1,283
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

New Jersey

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,231 100.0 177 100.0 169 100.0 970
Single modes 798 64.8 169 95.5 161 95.2 982
Truck 752 61.1 165 92.9 156 92.4 971
For-hire truck 716 58.1 159 90.0 152 89.6 972
Private truck S S S S S S 891
Rail S S S S S S 1,104
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 1,061
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 433 35.2 8 4.5 8 4.8 966
Parcel, USPS or courier 433 35.2 8 4.5 8 4.8 966
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 979

New Mexico

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 42 100.0 S S S S 1,430
Single modes 37 89.2 S S S S 1,624
Truck 36 86.7 S S S S 1,263
For-hire truck 36 85.5 S S S S 1,269
Private truck S S S S S S 1,059
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,214
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 5 10.8 S S S S 1,290
Parcel, USPS or courier 5 10.8 S S S S 1,290
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

New York

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,378 100.0 471 100.0 500 100.0 1,052
Single modes 885 64.2 446 94.6 465 92.9 1,007
Truck 845 61.3 228 48.4 233 46.6 1,002
For-hire truck 789 57.3 204 43.3 209 41.8 991
Private truck 55 4.0 21 4.5 22 4.4 1,065
Rail S S S S S S 1,046
Water S S S S S S 1,935
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 1,935
Air (including truck and air) S S 1,066
Pipeline3 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 466 33.8 S S S S 1,071
Parcel, USPS or courier 373 27.1 9 2.0 10 1.9 1,063
Truck and Rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 1,925
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 990

North Carolina

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 3,606 100.0 1,258 100.0 632 100.0 489
Single modes 3,411 94.6 1,235 98.2 622 98.4 473
Truck 3,342 92.7 1,229 97.7 618 97.8 454
For-hire truck 2,569 71.2 979 77.8 498 78.7 452
Private truck 705 19.5 180 14.3 82 13.0 459
Rail S S S S S S 721
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,062
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 123 3.4 5 0.4 3 0.4 501
Parcel, USPS or courier 123 3.4 5 0.4 3 0.4 501
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 435

North Dakota

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 1,279
Single modes S S S S S S 1,401
Truck S S S S S S 1,401
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,458
Private truck S S S S S S 1,365
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,270
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,270
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,292

Ohio

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 3,286 100.0 1,593 100.0 1,038 100.0 628
Single modes 2,843 86.5 1,466 92.0 969 93.3 683
Truck 2,749 83.7 1,285 80.7 818 78.7 675
For-hire truck 2,347 71.4 955 60.0 626 60.3 655
Private truck S S S S S S 739
Rail 79 2.4 181 11.3 151 14.5 867
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 15 0.5 S S S S 786
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 423 12.9 13 0.8 8 0.8 622
Parcel, USPS or courier 423 12.9 13 0.8 8 0.8 622
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 516

Oklahoma

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 559 100.0 733 100.0 588 100.0 789
Single modes 477 85.4 641 87.4 508 86.3 848
Truck 296 52.9 S S S S 724
For-hire truck 247 44.2 S S S S 724
Private truck S S S S S S 716
Rail S S 126 17.2 114 19.4 910
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,417
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 72 9.9 69 11.7 778
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 2 0.2 1 0.2 777
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 955
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 616

Oregon

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 237 100.0 118 100.0 318 100.0 2,664
Single modes 121 50.9 103 87.5 277 86.9 2,586
Truck 102 43.1 86 72.8 227 71.4 2,529
For-hire truck 102 43.1 86 72.8 227 71.4 2,529
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 2,787
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,652
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,668
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 2 1.8 6 1.8 2,668
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 2,846
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,761

Pennsylvania

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,843 100.0 717 100.0 603 100.0 919
Single modes 1,508 81.8 705 98.5 593 98.3 901
Truck 1,475 80.0 675 94.2 562 93.2 886
For-hire truck 1,463 79.4 636 88.8 530 88.0 886
Private truck S S S S S S 883
Rail S S S S S S 1,027
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,219
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 317 17.2 7 1.0 6 1.1 922
Parcel, USPS or courier 317 17.2 7 1.0 6 1.0 922
Truck and Rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 1,999
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 842

Rhode Island

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 70 100.0 10 100.0 12 100.0 1,248
Single modes 46 64.9 9 89.1 11 89.5 1,202
Truck 45 64.8 9 89.1 11 89.4 1,201
For-hire truck 43 61.3 9 88.0 10 88.4 1,201
Private truck S S S S S S 1,205
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,264
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 24 34.6 1 7.4 1 7.3 1,257
Parcel, USPS or courier 24 34.6 1 7.4 1 7.3 1,257
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,126

South Carolina

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,244 100.0 2,231 100.0 959 100.0 382
Single modes 2,160 96.3 2,226 99.8 957 99.8 381
Truck 1,991 88.7 1,695 76.0 642 67.0 364
For-hire truck 1,491 66.4 1,453 65.1 550 57.3 371
Private truck 458 20.4 224 10.0 88 9.2 340
Rail S S S S S S 583
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 954
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 81 3.6 2 0.1 1 382
Parcel, USPS or courier 81 3.6 2 0.1 1 382
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 490

South Dakota

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 59 100.0 16 100.0 20 100.0 1,221
Single modes 48 81.8 16 97.9 19 97.9 1,246
Truck 47 80.9 12 76.3 15 76.5 1,212
For-hire truck 43 73.3 12 75.8 15 75.9 1,202
Private truck S S S S S S 1,543
Rail S S S S S S 1,225
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,384
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 11 18.2 S S S S 1,219
Parcel, USPS or courier 11 18.2 S S S S 1,219
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Tennessee

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 9,723 100.0 S S S S 230
Single modes 8,828 90.8 S S S S 199
Truck 8,095 83.3 S S S S 180
For-hire truck 5,094 52.4 S S 674 20.6 221
Private truck 2,984 30.7 S S S S 148
Rail S S S S S S 261
Water S S S S S S 683
Shallow draft S S S S S S 683
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 898
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 601 6.2 31 0.1 10 0.3 259
Parcel, USPS or courier 588 6.0 21 0.1 6 0.2 259
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 436
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S 69 0.3 14 0.4 253

Texas

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 6,398 100.0 3,650 100.0 2,587 100.0 733
Single modes 3,712 58.0 3,477 95.3 2,470 95.4 812
Truck 2,343 36.6 1,752 48.0 1,233 47.6 721
For-hire truck 1,980 31.0 1,246 34.1 872 33.7 728
Private truck 356 5.6 503 13.8 359 13.9 697
Rail 523 8.2 1,019 27.9 756 29.2 710
Water 197 3.1 S S S S 793
Shallow draft 197 3.1 S S S S 793
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,529
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 359 5.6 12 0.3 8 0.3 699
Parcel, USPS or courier 359 5.6 12 0.3 8 0.3 699
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 695

Utah

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 167 100.0 S S S S 1,883
Single modes 126 75.5 S S S S 1,964
Truck 93 55.9 S S S S 1,868
For-hire truck 93 55.9 S S S S 1,868
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 1,932
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,229
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 38 22.7 1 0.2 1 0.2 1,868
Parcel, USPS or courier 38 22.7 1 0.2 1 0.2 1,868
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,944

Vermont

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 58 100.0 S S S S 1,271
Single modes 29 49.2 S S S S 1,282
Truck 16 26.8 S S S S 1,259
For-hire truck 16 26.8 S S S S 1,259
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,302
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 26 45.4 1 3.6 1 3.5 1,271
Parcel, USPS or courier 26 45.4 1 3.6 1 3.5 1,271
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,226

Virginia

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,468 100.0 1,201 100.0 677 100.0 610
Single modes 1,151 78.4 1,191 99.2 671 99.0 629
Truck 1,081 73.6 451 37.6 284 41.9 584
For-hire truck 932 63.4 308 25.6 185 27.3 571
Private truck 149 10.2 S S S S 607
Rail S S 739 61.6 387 57.1 831
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,064
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 313 21.3 9 0.7 6 0.9 607
Parcel, USPS or courier 313 21.3 9 0.7 6 0.9 607
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 532

Washington

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 281 100.0 101 100.0 278 100.0 2,717
Single modes 128 45.7 98 96.7 268 96.4 2,661
Truck 84 29.8 29 28.8 77 27.8 2,619
For-hire truck 84 29.8 29 28.8 77 27.8 2,619
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 2,935
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,843
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,723
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 2,723
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 3,127
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,740

West Virginia

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 275 100.0 351 100.0 232 100.0 674
Single modes 268 97.5 351 100.0 232 100.0 641
Truck 246 89.4 160 45.6 104 45.1 630
For-hire truck 183 66.6 126 36.0 84 36.1 626
Private truck S S S S S S 644
Rail 22 8.0 S S S S 884
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 996
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 7 2.5 S S 702
Parcel, USPS or courier 7 2.5 S S 702
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 801

Wisconsin

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 999 100.0 831 100.0 843 100.0 883
Single modes 692 69.3 823 99.0 836 99.2 903
Truck 639 64.0 283 34.1 241 28.6 886
For-hire truck 503 50.4 245 29.4 208 24.7 860
Private truck 135 13.6 39 4.6 33 3.9 956
Rail 47 4.7 539 64.9 595 70.6 1,103
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,031
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 305 30.6 8 1.0 7 0.8 882
Parcel, USPS or courier 305 30.6 8 1.0 7 0.8 882
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 759

Wyoming

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 100 100.0 11,760 100.0 18,345 100.0 1,369
Single modes 95 95.0 11,760 100.0 18,345 100.0 1,728
Truck S S S S S S 1,474
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,474
Private truck
Rail 87 86.6 11,750 99.9 18,330 99.9 1,544
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,226
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,346
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,346
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Estimates represent activity for a given mode across single and multiple mode shipments. For example, "Truck" ton-miles includes total ton-miles for shipments moving only by truck plus ton-miles for truck segments of multiple mode shipments.
2 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
3 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs. Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.