Table 20 - Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002 and 1997

Table 20 - Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002 and 1997

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All Commodities2

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 127,727 99,847 27.9 216,383 209,353 3.4 60,813 44,206 37.6 389 309 25.9
Single modes 114,779 89,956 27.6 206,455 201,457 2.5 60,157 42,148 42.7 186 170 9.4
Truck 101,595 79,788 27.3 152,285 158,593 −4 30,505 23,645 29 161 158 1.9
Rail 11,530 7,398 55.8 49,082 33,142 48.1 27,321 16,365 66.9 714 761 −6.2
Water S 678 S S 8,704 S S 2,111 S S 256 S
Air (including truck and air) 1,246 1,973 −36.9 S 24 S S 21 S 1,453 996 45.8
Pipeline2 S 119 S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 9,056 6,024 50.3 573 S S 329 594 −44.7 732 584 25.5
Parcel, USPS or courier 8,877 5,586 58.9 229 203 12.8 131 116 13.1 732 583 25.5
Truck and Rail 146 436 −66.6 56 S S 100 469 −78.7 1,234 1,217 1.4
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S 10 S 2,302 1,554 48.1
Other and unknown modes 3,892 3,867 0.6 9,354 6,383 46.5 327 1,463 −77.7 S 89 S

SCTG 01-05, Agriculture products and fish

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 5,644 5,836 −3.3 13,395 14,228 −5.9 4,260 2,078 105 S 90 S
Single modes 5,502 5,698 −3.5 12,620 13,731 −8.1 4,247 1,987 113.7 S 103 S
Truck 5,218 5,458 −4.4 10,094 12,040 −16.2 2,348 1,876 25.1 S 102 S
Rail S 76 S S 283 S S 103 S 664 354 87.2
Water S S S S S S S S S 788 6 S
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,164
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S 205 591 −65.3
Parcel, USPS or courier S 2 S S S S S S 205 569 −64
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 981
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 7,079
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S 18 S S

SCTG 06-09, Grains, alcohol, and tobacco products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 10,446 4,914 112.6 11,971 5,328 124.7 2,030 992 104.7 S 118 S
Single modes 10,204 4,789 113.1 11,330 5,302 113.7 2,023 984 105.6 S 52 S
Truck 9,842 4,669 110.8 10,368 5,005 107.2 1,653 842 96.2 S 52 S
Rail 362 121 199.8 S 297 S 371 142 161.9 385 482 −20
Water
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes S 55 S 1 4 −66.9 4 −89.6 413 906 −54.5
Parcel, USPS or courier S 55 S 1 4 −66.9 4 −89.6 413 906 −54.5
Truck and Rail
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S 70 S S 22 S S S S S S S

SCTG 10-14, Stones, non-metallic minerals, and metallic ores

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 394 S S 48,721 53,136 −8.3 5,327 4,113 29.5 61 61 1
Single modes 393 S S 48,719 50,859 −4.2 5,327 4,060 31.2 61 63 −4.4
Truck 328 S S 34,939 47,829 −27 1,793 2,785 −35.6 43 58 −25.5
Rail 63 160 −60.7 S 3,029 S S 1,274 S 235 428 −45.1
Water S S S S S S 544
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S 3 S S 5 S 430 619 −30.5
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S S S S 430 59 629.2
Truck and Rail
Other multiple modes 3 5 1,805
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S 23 S S

SCTG 15-19, Coal and petroleum products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 6,612 6,231 6.1 43,783 51,928 −15.7 4,666 6,668 −30 42 44 −5.2
Single modes 6,385 6,112 4.5 38,532 49,634 −22.4 4,543 6,273 −27.6 42 44 −5.2
Truck 5,709 5,003 14.1 25,162 28,873 −12.9 1,228 1,559 −21.2 38 39 −2.4
Rail 543 799 −32 12,313 15,339 −19.7 3,264 3,704 −11.9 447 683 −34.5
Water S S S S S S S S S S 205 S
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S 307 44 605.1
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 34
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 79
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 307
Other and unknown modes 216 S S S S S 37 S S 48 51 −6.6

SCTG 20-24, Pharmaceutical and chemical products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 18,969 12,297 54.3 19,585 12,732 53.8 11,421 5,687 100.0.8 680 365 86.2
Single modes 15,215 9,916 53.4 19,434 12,095 60.7 11,298 5,272 114.3 289 175 64.7
Truck 14,156 7,861 80.1 14,937 6,741 121.6 7,678 2,562 199.7 283 169 67.5
Rail 964 1,781 −45.9 3,842 3,431 12 S 1,947 S 1,099 583 88.5
Water S S S S S S S S S 326 535 −39.1
Air (including truck and air) S 9 S S 1 S S S S 948 792 19.7
Pipeline S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 3,693 1,466 151.9 68 59 16.6 80 42 89.8 851 526 61.9
Parcel, USPS or courier 3,574 1,332 168.3 31 31 −0.5 17 11 53.9 851 526 61.8
Truck and Rail 100 S S 31 27 13.6 58 31 87.6 1,895 1,163 62.9
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 3,792
Other and unknown modes S 915 S S 579 S S 372 S S S S

SCTG 25-30, Logs, wood products, and textile and leather

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 26,493 20,878 26.9 27,056 29,364 −7.9 9,218 10,717 −14 496 501 −1.1
Single modes 25,378 19,774 28.3 26,960 28,630 −5.8 9,175 10,297 −10.9 374 394 −5
Truck 23,279 17,574 32.5 22,609 23,181 −2.5 5,712 5,705 0.1 356 384 −7.4
Rail 2,092 2,193 −4.6 4,350 5,449 −20.2 3,461 4,591 −24.6 836 832 0.6
Water
Air (including truck and air) S 7 S 1 S S 1 S S 1,127 613 84
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes 815 901 −9.6 54 S S 33 334 −90 747 661 13.1
Parcel, USPS or courier 802 767 4.6 45 48 −6 28 37 −24.9 746 660 13.1
Truck and Rail S 135 S S S S S 297 S 688 1,141 −39.7
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 1,458
Other and unknown modes 301 203 48.4 42 398 −89.4 9 86 −89 S 213 S

SCTG 31-34, Base metal and machinery

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 21,377 19,228 11.2 40,331 32,787 23 20,724 10,854 90.9 283 216 31.1
Single modes 19,626 17,970 9.2 38,433 31,686 21.3 20,592 10,406 97.9 228 162 40.3
Truck 15,183 15,808 −3.9 24,079 26,185 −8 7,417 5,745 29.1 206 151 36.3
Rail S 2,107 S S 4,671 S S 4,367 S 977 1,014 −3.6
Water S S S S S S S S S 359 346 3.9
Air (including truck and air) S 28 S 2 S S S S S 1,256 1,025 22.5
Pipeline S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 1,051 870 20.9 53 55 −3 51 38 35.6 479 417 15
Parcel, USPS or courier 1,023 819 24.9 39 36 7 21 15 42.3 479 416 15.1
Truck and Rail 29 S S 14 S S 30 S S 878 1,330 −33.9
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 1,459
Other and unknown modes 699 388 80.1 S 1,047 S 81 S S 142 116 22.1

SCTG 35-38, Electronic, motorized vehicles, and precision instruments

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 18,826 16,699 12.7 2,646 1,906 38.8 1,270 1,077 17.9 234 408 −42.7
Single modes 14,619 12,641 15.6 2,055 1,662 23.7 1,116 912 22.4 S 161 S
Truck 10,664 10,682 −0.2 1,816 1,559 16.5 858 802 7 S 117 S
Rail 3,001 S S 216 91 138.6 227 101 124.6 S 1,268 S
Water
Air (including truck and air) 955 1,868 −48.9 S 12 S S 9 S 1,548 1,095 41.4
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes 2,291 2,112 8.5 S 65 S 46 51 −10.3 467 611 −23.5
Parcel, USPS or courier 2,284 2,090 9.3 S 56 S S 32 S 467 611 −23.5
Truck and Rail S 22 S S 8 S S 19 S 1,953 2,119 −7.8
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 1,916 1,946 −1.6 S 180 S 108 115 −5.9 S S S

SCTG 39-43, Furniture, mixed freight and misc. manufactured products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 18,459 12,348 49.5 8,666 7,599 14 1,819 1,894 −4 462 349 32.4
Single modes 16,974 11,677 45.4 8,144 7,523 8.3 1,758 1,838 −4.3 324 219 48.3
Truck 16,760 11,517 45.5 8,138 6,905 17.9 1,753 1,665 5.3 210 206 2
Rail S 71 S S S S S S S 853 397 115
Water 32 S S S S 396
Air (including truck and air) S S S 2 1 124.2 3 1 226.9 1,486 1,080 37.6
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes 1,052 539 95.1 41 35 17 32 34 −6.3 742 656 13.1
Parcel, USPS or courier 1,052 507 107.3 39 24 60.3 25 16 56.8 742 655 13.2
Truck and Rail 32 10 S S 1,715
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 4,803
Other and unknown modes 433 132 228.4 S 42 S 28 22 30.8 S S S

Commodity Unknown

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 508 S S 228 S S S S S 278 130 113.7
Single modes 483 S S 228 S S S S S S 201 S
Truck 455 S S 141 275 −48.8 S S S S 198 S
Rail S S S S S S S S S 148 258 −42.4
Water
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 329
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S −24.7 S S S
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S −24.7 S S S
Truck and Rail
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S 4 326 −98.7

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 Estimates exclude shipments of crude petroleum (SCTG 16).

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs. Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.