Table B-13 - Estimated Measures of Reliability for Shipment Characteristics by Destination and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002

Table B-13 - Estimated Measures of Reliability for Shipment Characteristics by Destination and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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Total

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 6.0 9.6 15.8 14.8
Single modes 7.4 1.8 10.3 1.4 15.9 0.2 10.9
Truck 7.6 2.8 11.1 4.0 13.5 5.7 13.5
For-hire truck 5.0 1.2 16.4 4.0 17.0 4.8 7.2
Private truck 11.8 2.6 11.7 3.9 12.7 2.5 14.9
Rail 22.5 1.6 22.6 4.4 25.3 5.6 14.3
Water S S S S S S S
Shallow draft S S S S S S S
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S 23.8 12.9 31.6
Air (including truck and air) 38.0 0.3 S S S S 6.9
Pipeline S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 16.3 1.4 48.8 0.2 27.8 0.1 9.9
Parcel, USPS or courier 16.8 1.4 16.8 16.6 9.9
Truck and rail 24.3 24.2 24.3 26.1
Truck and water S S S S S S 28.6
Rail and water S S S S S S 31.6
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 20.3 0.7 28.0 1.4 18.8 0.1 S

Alabama

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 5.5 9.8 11.4 14.9
Single modes 7.1 2.5 10.5 2.1 12.0 1.5 16.8
Truck 7.6 3.5 12.0 2.7 13.3 7.8 16.8
For-hire truck 12.5 2.7 19.5 4.3 17.6 4.7 14.6
Private truck 10.0 4.8 13.6 4.1 12.1 4.5 18.1
Rail 29.9 1.0 21.8 2.7 27.7 7.2 20.4
Water S S S S S S S
Shallow draft S S S S S S S
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 44.7 46.7 24.9
Pipeline S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 24.1 1.1 S S S S 12.5
Parcel, USPS or courier 24.4 1.1 25.0 19.6 12.5
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water S S S S S S 31.6
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 23.1 1.6 29.7 2.2 22.5 0.3 S

Alaska

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 21.3
Single modes S S S S S S 30.7
Truck S S S S S S 31.6
For-hire truck S S S S S S 31.6
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 23.6
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 23.6
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Arizona

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 31.2 18.3 18.5 2.0
Single modes 31.9 7.3 18.3 0.3 18.6 0.3 2.4
Truck 31.5 7.2 21.5 8.0 22.1 8.5 0.6
For-hire truck 31.9 7.4 21.6 8.1 22.2 8.6 0.6
Private truck S S S S S S 25.8
Rail S S S S S S 27.9
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 23.7
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S 44.3 0.2 44.6 0.2 15.0
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 44.3 0.2 44.6 0.2 15.0
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 29.8

Arkansas

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 22.9 20.5 18.7 4.0
Single modes 23.4 2.0 20.7 0.3 18.8 0.3 4.5
Truck 24.9 4.0 23.9 7.5 24.3 8.5 2.6
For-hire truck 32.8 8.3 30.1 9.4 29.8 9.9 3.0
Private truck S S 48.2 4.9 45.5 3.9 5.1
Rail 38.2 2.4 32.4 7.4 34.4 8.4 21.9
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 27.9
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 20.6 1.6 36.8 0.1 41.5 0.2 5.4
Parcel, USPS or courier 20.6 1.6 36.8 0.1 41.5 0.2 5.4
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 28.0

California

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 20.7 35.4 38.2 1.1
Single modes 22.8 3.8 36.1 2.7 38.9 2.8 1.4
Truck 19.7 6.0 29.1 9.2 30.4 9.7 0.8
For-hire truck 19.2 7.2 30.8 8.5 32.3 8.9 1.0
Private truck S S S S S S 2.0
Rail 37.8 6.6 S S S S 2.9
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 10.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 30.0 2.9 22.8 1.7 22.6 1.9 1.6
Parcel, USPS or courier 33.2 2.2 48.0 0.2 47.6 0.2 1.6
Truck and rail 30.5 1.8 31.9 1.7 31.7 1.9 18.3
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 23.6

Colorado

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 35.6 25.3 26.6 2.3
Single modes 35.3 2.1 25.4 0.6 26.7 0.5 2.3
Truck 37.5 9.2 27.3 10.4 28.1 10.5 1.2
For-hire truck 38.0 10.3 28.5 9.5 29.5 9.6 1.3
Private truck 43.2 4.2 S S S S 25.9
Rail S S 47.2 10.5 48.2 10.6 23.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 25.9
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S 37.2 0.6 36.4 0.5 2.6
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 37.2 0.6 36.4 0.5 2.6
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 29.9

Connecticut

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 25.9 S S 46.8 2.6
Single modes 26.8 3.4 S S 46.9 0.3 2.3
Truck 28.9 6.2 S S S S 2.1
For-hire truck 33.5 10.1 S S S S 2.2
Private truck S S S S S S 27.9
Rail 40.4 4.6 41.9 9.6 42.0 10.5 23.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 28.0
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S 25.6 0.3 24.7 0.3 2.6
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 25.6 0.3 24.7 0.3 2.6
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

Delaware

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 47.8 47.2 46.8 15.1
Single modes 45.2 14.3 S S S S 18.4
Truck 45.2 14.3 S S S S 18.4
For-hire truck 45.5 14.3 S S S S 18.4
Private truck S S S S S S 31.6
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 25.9
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 25.9
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

District of Columbia

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 3.6
Single modes S S S S S S 18.5
Truck 44.5 18.7 S S S S 23.7
For-hire truck 44.5 18.7 S S S S 23.7
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 29.8
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 23.7
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 23.7
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Florida

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 15.6 26.5 33.5 10.2
Single modes 18.6 3.6 26.6 0.3 33.7 0.7 14.4
Truck 19.3 3.6 17.2 11.4 19.3 11.6 14.2
For-hire truck 11.6 5.0 30.9 6.4 30.2 8.0 4.1
Private truck 35.8 6.3 24.9 10.3 27.3 8.6 17.3
Rail 49.7 2.4 S S S S 15.0
Water S S S S S S 31.6
Shallow draft S S S S S S 31.6
Great Lakes
Deep draft 33.3
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 26.4
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 34.3 3.2 21.9 0.1 21.1 0.2 7.7
Parcel, USPS or courier 34.1 3.1 19.8 18.7 0.2 7.7
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 31.6
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S 37.2 0.2 33.4 0.6 25.5

Georgia

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 10.1 37.8 28.4 5.9
Single modes 10.7 1.5 38.0 0.2 28.5 0.2 7.8
Truck 12.6 6.2 15.8 11.6 18.7 10.1 7.7
For-hire truck 12.4 3.0 20.9 7.7 22.5 7.4 5.6
Private truck 16.8 5.3 11.8 5.1 14.5 3.4 11.8
Rail 42.6 5.7 S S S S 22.1
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 17.4
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 26.1 1.5 24.7 47.9 3.9
Parcel, USPS or courier 26.3 1.5 20.6 16.8 3.9
Truck and rail S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 33.8 0.5 34.8 0.2 37.0 0.1 15.7

Hawaii

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 42.0 S S S S 10.6
Single modes S S S S S S 23.6
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 23.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 14.9
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 14.9
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 29.8
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Idaho

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 2.4
Single modes S S S S S S 18.3
Truck S S S S S S 18.3
For-hire truck S S S S S S 18.3
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 48.8 18.0 S S S S 21.1
Parcel, USPS or courier 48.8 18.0 S S S S 21.1
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Illinois

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 14.4 20.5 23.7 1.6
Single modes 17.9 5.3 20.7 0.5 24.0 0.5 1.6
Truck 20.1 5.6 20.1 8.2 19.3 9.8 1.8
For-hire truck 16.0 5.4 23.4 7.9 21.0 8.4 1.6
Private truck 35.6 3.2 42.3 5.7 41.3 5.7 3.5
Rail 38.3 5.5 42.2 8.5 47.2 10.2 11.5
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 46.4 46.5 21.3
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 48.5 5.0 33.0 0.3 34.4 0.4 4.3
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 42.2 0.2 46.7 0.2 4.3
Truck and rail S S S S S S 27.9
Truck and water S S S S S S 31.6
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 23.7

Indiana

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 10.6 17.5 18.7 6.9
Single modes 14.3 6.3 17.5 0.5 18.8 0.5 5.2
Truck 16.2 7.3 22.3 10.7 23.4 11.8 5.5
For-hire truck 17.3 7.1 27.0 9.9 28.0 10.8 5.7
Private truck 39.3 2.8 28.8 2.5 25.4 2.3 6.0
Rail 46.5 4.0 27.4 10.9 28.4 12.1 12.8
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 24.8
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 42.7 6.4 38.2 0.2 35.4 0.2 6.9
Parcel, USPS or courier 42.7 6.4 38.2 0.2 35.4 0.2 6.9
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 46.9 0.8 47.5 0.5 46.8 0.5 22.1

Iowa

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S 32.5 31.8 2.4
Single modes S S 33.0 2.9 32.3 2.6 2.1
Truck S S 36.5 5.1 36.5 5.9 2.2
For-hire truck S S 38.3 11.5 38.3 11.7 2.3
Private truck 41.0 5.8 45.8 9.7 45.9 10.0 18.9
Rail 29.5 1.4 36.1 4.7 35.5 5.8 14.9
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 29.8
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S 34.5 0.3 33.1 0.3 11.0
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 34.5 0.3 33.1 0.3 11.0
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 26.0

Kansas

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 22.5 33.8 35.0 4.0
Single modes 25.9 6.6 34.0 1.8 35.2 1.5 3.7
Truck 27.2 7.0 38.6 8.7 40.5 8.9 2.4
For-hire truck 20.3 8.4 41.1 8.1 43.1 8.4 2.3
Private truck S S 49.8 4.7 49.9 4.5 23.8
Rail S S 45.9 9.0 44.8 9.2 23.7
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 25.9
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S 33.6 1.7 34.7 1.4 15.2
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 33.6 1.7 34.7 1.4 15.2
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 29.9

Kentucky

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 13.7 21.0 17.8 3.9
Single modes 13.6 1.4 21.0 0.6 17.5 0.8 4.4
Truck 16.0 6.7 21.6 4.3 19.5 5.1 3.6
For-hire truck 15.2 6.8 29.2 7.8 26.2 6.8 5.3
Private truck 40.0 7.0 33.0 7.3 31.8 6.1 5.9
Rail 30.0 3.2 35.4 3.9 32.9 4.9 5.3
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 24.7
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 31.6 0.7 48.0 S S 8.4
Parcel, USPS or courier 31.6 0.7 48.0 S S 8.4
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 25.8

Louisiana

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 21.2 33.0 47.8 10.4
Single modes 25.8 4.8 33.1 0.3 48.0 0.3 11.6
Truck 19.3 5.4 31.8 15.2 23.1 16.6 7.9
For-hire truck 30.1 6.2 31.4 9.8 30.7 10.0 10.1
Private truck 44.1 8.0 S S S S 13.4
Rail S S S S S S 13.6
Water S S S S S S 29.6
Shallow draft S S S S S S 30.7
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 31.6
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 28.0
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 32.8 4.5 S S S S 11.0
Parcel, USPS or courier 34.7 4.6 S S S S 11.1
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 31.6
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S 39.6 0.2 42.5 0.3 19.6

Maine

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 39.4 S S S S 1.8
Single modes 47.1 13.6 S S S S 10.8
Truck 47.1 13.6 S S S S 10.8
For-hire truck 49.3 13.5 S S S S 10.8
Private truck S S S S S S 29.8
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 40.9 13.8 S S S S 11.0
Parcel, USPS or courier 40.9 13.8 S S S S 11.0
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

Maryland

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 23.9 28.2 32.0 1.2
Single modes 28.6 6.2 28.6 1.5 32.5 1.5 1.7
Truck 32.9 8.2 22.9 11.5 23.0 12.3 1.3
For-hire truck 33.8 7.8 24.3 10.7 24.3 11.2 1.3
Private truck 27.1 3.9 36.3 7.0 36.1 7.0 15.1
Rail 41.8 6.9 S S S S 23.7
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 29.9
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 37.2 6.2 34.8 0.5 39.0 0.5 1.6
Parcel, USPS or courier 37.9 6.3 40.2 0.5 39.7 0.5 1.6
Truck and rail S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

Massachusetts

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 31.2 S S S S 1.7
Single modes 36.0 10.4 S S S S 2.0
Truck 37.8 9.6 S S S S 2.1
For-hire truck 38.4 9.7 S S S S 2.2
Private truck 45.6 0.7 S S S S 18.3
Rail 43.2 1.8 42.6 4.9 42.2 5.3 25.8
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 28.4
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 39.6 9.0 33.6 0.4 33.8 0.4 3.1
Parcel, USPS or courier 39.6 9.0 33.6 0.4 33.8 0.4 3.1
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 27.9

Michigan

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 21.4 32.7 28.0 2.6
Single modes 22.6 1.8 33.2 0.5 28.5 0.5 2.2
Truck 27.5 7.0 39.3 5.4 35.0 6.0 2.4
For-hire truck 17.7 9.0 38.9 5.0 34.8 5.1 2.5
Private truck S S 46.4 4.1 42.7 4.2 10.8
Rail S S 28.5 5.3 30.6 5.9 11.0
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 48.1 1.4 S S S S 18.4
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 42.4 1.9 38.7 0.5 39.1 0.5 4.2
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 40.6 0.2 40.7 0.2 4.2
Truck and rail S S S S S S 28.0
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 29.9

Minnesota

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 29.1 37.6 35.8 2.2
Single modes 27.0 3.3 37.6 0.2 35.9 0.2 1.3
Truck 29.7 5.7 45.7 10.7 44.9 11.0 1.3
For-hire truck 31.5 9.5 46.6 11.9 46.0 12.0 1.4
Private truck S S 43.4 6.8 43.2 6.6 21.4
Rail 36.9 5.9 34.3 10.7 35.5 11.0 21.2
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 25.9
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 43.2 3.1 S S 48.2 0.2 11.1
Parcel, USPS or courier 43.2 3.1 S S 48.2 0.2 11.1
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

Mississippi

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 27.8 24.5 17.8 8.7
Single modes 35.0 6.2 24.6 0.5 18.0 0.4 9.2
Truck 37.1 6.4 31.2 7.0 22.8 7.8 8.1
For-hire truck S S S S 26.6 8.1 8.7
Private truck 19.2 6.6 39.6 7.7 44.4 6.8 10.4
Rail 40.0 3.0 40.1 7.0 39.8 7.9 13.0
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 27.9
Pipeline S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 28.4 5.4 49.5 45.2 0.1 12.6
Parcel, USPS or courier 28.4 5.4 49.8 45.3 0.1 12.6
Truck and rail S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 23.7

Missouri

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 21.3 18.7 16.0 3.3
Single modes 23.6 6.3 20.8 5.2 18.0 5.4 6.6
Truck 24.4 7.9 23.1 8.6 20.9 8.9 1.5
For-hire truck 23.5 7.8 26.3 9.0 24.6 9.3 1.8
Private truck S S 25.6 2.9 25.7 2.8 13.5
Rail 40.1 3.2 32.9 6.8 34.4 7.5 12.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 22.0
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 26.7 1.0 35.1 0.2 32.7 0.1 5.7
Parcel, USPS or courier 26.7 1.0 36.3 0.2 34.2 0.1 5.7
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 31.6
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 26.0

Montana

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 10.9
Single modes S S S S S S 18.3
Truck S S S S S S 18.3
For-hire truck S S S S S S 21.2
Private truck S S S S S S 29.8
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S 39.0 15.7 40.0 15.8 21.2
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 39.0 15.7 40.0 15.8 21.2
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Nebraska

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 28.9 37.1 38.2 2.3
Single modes 30.2 3.5 37.1 0.1 38.3 0.1 1.8
Truck 31.3 3.9 40.9 9.7 43.6 9.9 2.0
For-hire truck 35.6 7.6 S S S S 1.9
Private truck S S S S S S 25.9
Rail S S S S S S 29.8
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S 38.1 0.1 39.4 0.1 15.2
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 38.1 0.1 39.4 0.1 15.2
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Nevada

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 16.5 S S S S 3.1
Single modes 30.0 11.9 S S S S 3.6
Truck 30.0 11.9 S S S S 3.5
For-hire truck 22.4 11.3 S S S S 3.5
Private truck S S S S S S 31.6
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 35.7 11.9 46.1 12.6 47.9 12.9 11.6
Parcel, USPS or courier 37.6 12.6 S S S S 15.3
Truck and rail S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

New Hampshire

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 28.9 36.8 34.7 2.2
Single modes 35.9 10.0 37.2 7.7 35.1 7.8 2.2
Truck 36.3 9.9 38.9 8.0 37.0 8.3 2.2
For-hire truck 41.0 10.1 46.5 9.9 44.5 10.2 2.2
Private truck S S S S S S 27.9
Rail S S S S S S 31.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 23.7
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 23.7
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

New Jersey

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 17.2 21.3 20.4 1.9
Single modes 17.2 5.7 22.0 2.4 21.2 2.4 2.4
Truck 17.2 5.1 26.8 8.6 26.2 8.5 2.2
For-hire truck 17.6 4.9 30.6 9.3 29.7 9.1 1.9
Private truck 30.9 1.8 46.4 3.8 43.7 3.7 11.6
Rail S S S S S S 28.0
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 44.8 0.1 S S S S 18.3
Pipeline S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 48.8 5.7 39.5 0.8 39.7 0.8 1.8
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1.8
Truck and rail S S S S S S 29.8
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 28.0

New Mexico

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 24.4 39.4 44.2 4.6
Single modes 30.3 13.2 39.7 13.9 44.5 13.9 7.0
Truck 38.9 13.9 44.0 15.7 43.5 17.1 10.7
For-hire truck 38.9 13.9 44.0 15.7 43.5 17.1 10.7
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 29.8
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 28.0
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 18.3
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 18.3
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 29.8

New York

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 19.7 26.3 27.0 1.3
Single modes 22.5 5.0 27.0 0.9 27.6 0.9 1.9
Truck 25.0 6.9 27.9 4.9 28.4 5.3 2.0
For-hire truck 27.8 7.3 31.8 6.9 32.9 7.2 0.9
Private truck 36.1 3.3 28.4 3.8 29.3 4.1 11.1
Rail 43.8 1.1 42.9 3.7 43.6 4.5 23.8
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 4.3
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 42.1 4.9 47.2 0.8 48.2 0.7 2.1
Parcel, USPS or courier 42.1 4.9 47.2 0.8 48.2 0.7 2.1
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 27.9

North Carolina

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 14.5 12.0 13.5 4.6
Single modes 15.5 1.9 12.1 0.5 13.6 0.5 3.4
Truck 16.8 2.8 12.0 7.1 11.6 7.6 3.4
For-hire truck 10.7 4.7 16.3 6.7 15.7 6.9 2.8
Private truck 39.4 4.6 22.9 3.6 25.2 4.1 4.9
Rail 40.2 2.2 29.0 7.2 30.6 7.7 11.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 47.9 49.2 25.8
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 20.9 1.1 17.5 18.4 7.5
Parcel, USPS or courier 20.9 1.1 17.5 18.4 7.5
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 15.8

North Dakota

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 11.3
Single modes S S S S S S 15.5
Truck 46.1 17.0 38.8 18.0 37.7 18.2 21.2
For-hire truck 46.1 17.0 38.8 18.0 37.7 18.2 21.2
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 24.1
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 28.0
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 28.0
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Ohio

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 17.2 27.0 27.7 2.1
Single modes 20.7 6.1 27.4 2.5 28.2 2.1 4.3
Truck 22.6 5.6 32.1 7.6 29.1 8.3 3.9
For-hire truck 21.5 5.2 31.6 6.9 29.0 7.6 4.0
Private truck S S 49.9 1.4 45.4 1.5 6.1
Rail 43.1 3.0 S S S S 3.9
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 23.2
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 27.3 5.8 21.6 0.1 22.9 0.1 2.9
Parcel, USPS or courier 27.3 5.8 21.6 0.1 22.9 0.1 2.9
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S 48.1 2.4 46.5 2.0 25.9

Oklahoma

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S 46.6 48.0 3.1
Single modes S S 46.8 0.6 48.2 0.6 1.7
Truck S S S S S S 1.2
For-hire truck 36.7 12.7 S S S S 1.2
Private truck S S 38.4 7.3 38.5 7.5 18.5
Rail S S S S S S 28.2
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 29.8
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S 24.9 0.4 26.5 0.4 4.9
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 24.9 0.4 26.5 0.4 4.9
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 28.0

Oregon

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 42.5 S S S S 0.9
Single modes S S S S S S 1.2
Truck S S S S S S 0.8
For-hire truck 23.4 16.9 S S S S 10.6
Private truck S S S S S S 25.8
Rail S S S S S S 29.8
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 27.9
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S 40.3 6.1 40.3 6.0 10.6
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 40.3 6.1 40.3 6.0 10.6
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Pennsylvania

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 12.8 16.7 17.1 2.8
Single modes 15.1 3.2 16.7 0.4 17.2 0.4 2.8
Truck 15.1 3.1 16.3 4.2 16.4 4.5 1.7
For-hire truck 15.9 4.2 17.2 6.8 17.7 7.0 1.9
Private truck 41.5 4.4 43.4 6.9 41.0 6.9 11.3
Rail 38.5 1.6 37.2 4.1 37.5 4.5 15.1
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 48.3 0.4 40.2 39.6 21.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 27.0 3.4 24.6 0.3 27.7 0.3 4.5
Parcel, USPS or courier 27.1 3.4 25.3 0.3 28.9 0.3 4.3
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 31.6
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 25.8

Rhode Island

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 15.1
Single modes S S S S S S 18.4
Truck S S S S S S 18.4
For-hire truck S S S S S S 18.4
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 31.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 23.6
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 23.6
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

South Carolina

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 18.0 46.3 49.5 6.7
Single modes 21.4 5.3 46.6 0.6 49.7 0.5 5.5
Truck 23.4 6.0 36.1 12.5 35.4 14.1 2.6
For-hire truck 16.8 6.0 37.5 10.6 36.7 11.7 2.6
Private truck 44.5 4.7 37.3 3.9 35.5 3.9 6.2
Rail S S S S S S 18.8
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 30.2
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 32.0 2.4 S S S S 5.5
Parcel, USPS or courier 34.5 2.5 26.2 27.0 0.1 5.2
Truck and rail S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 28.1

South Dakota

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 36.0 47.6 47.3 2.3
Single modes 36.5 11.2 47.8 11.1 47.5 10.9 11.1
Truck 40.1 14.1 47.8 15.0 47.5 15.0 15.0
For-hire truck 40.5 14.0 48.9 14.7 48.6 14.6 15.0
Private truck S S S S S S 31.6
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 18.6
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 18.6
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

Tennessee

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 26.4 17.7 15.3 6.4
Single modes 29.4 3.6 17.8 0.3 15.4 0.2 8.3
Truck 27.8 4.1 22.2 6.2 16.7 7.5 6.3
For-hire truck 12.6 5.1 26.2 8.0 23.3 8.0 6.7
Private truck 45.2 6.4 30.0 6.8 21.4 6.0 10.2
Rail 42.8 1.7 35.0 4.0 37.6 3.5 15.0
Water S S S S S S 31.6
Shallow draft S S S S S S 31.6
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 15.1
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 29.3 3.5 22.5 21.6 7.4
Parcel, USPS or courier 29.3 3.5 22.5 21.6 7.4
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 34.4 0.6 48.5 0.3 40.7 0.2 20.5

Texas

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 19.8 39.4 46.5 4.9
Single modes 22.1 2.5 39.7 0.4 46.7 0.4 6.1
Truck 8.0 5.8 21.3 8.7 21.4 9.7 1.4
For-hire truck 9.7 4.5 23.4 6.7 23.4 7.9 1.4
Private truck 21.6 2.9 21.1 2.6 21.2 2.4 5.5
Rail S S S S S S 5.1
Water S S S S S S 30.1
Shallow draft S S S S S S 30.1
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 41.6 0.5 42.3 39.6 4.0
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 23.1 2.5 37.4 0.2 36.7 0.2 1.2
Parcel, USPS or courier 23.1 2.5 38.0 0.2 38.1 0.2 1.2
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 31.6
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 39.6 0.3 S S S S 15.5

Utah

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 37.2 42.2 40.8 0.7
Single modes 35.2 2.1 42.2 0.9 40.8 0.9 0.8
Truck 43.7 12.1 S S S S 0.9
For-hire truck 43.9 12.5 S S S S 1.0
Private truck S S S S S S 29.8
Rail 42.5 13.0 41.0 16.4 41.1 16.3 25.8
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 27.9
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S 42.8 0.9 42.6 0.9 10.6
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 42.8 0.9 42.6 0.9 10.6
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Vermont

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 15.0
Single modes S S S S S S 21.1
Truck S S S S S S 21.1
For-hire truck S S S S S S 21.1
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 25.8
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 25.8
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

Virginia

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 37.5 17.8 18.8 2.8
Single modes 38.6 4.7 17.9 0.6 18.9 0.6 3.1
Truck 41.7 5.4 21.7 9.0 22.5 9.6 2.5
For-hire truck 21.4 7.6 25.8 8.2 26.3 8.6 3.1
Private truck S S 23.6 3.8 24.9 3.2 11.0
Rail 27.8 2.9 27.6 8.7 27.4 9.3 18.3
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 23.7
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 41.0 5.1 43.9 0.2 42.0 0.2 3.7
Parcel, USPS or courier 41.0 5.1 43.9 0.2 42.0 0.2 3.7
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 29.8

Washington

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 42.8 43.4 43.4 1.2
Single modes S S 44.4 4.0 44.3 4.0 1.1
Truck S S S S S S 0.8
For-hire truck 24.0 11.9 S S S S 1.3
Private truck S S S S S S 27.9
Rail S S S S S S 27.9
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 44.0 2.5 S S S S 15.0
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 44.2 8.6 40.4 4.0 41.3 4.0 1.8
Parcel, USPS or courier 48.7 8.4 34.1 4.0 32.7 3.9 1.8
Truck and rail S S S S S S 27.9
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

West Virginia

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 34.0 36.5 33.7 3.0
Single modes 45.7 10.0 37.0 10.4 34.2 10.4 11.3
Truck 45.2 10.2 36.0 10.6 33.9 11.0 11.3
For-hire truck S S 42.9 13.4 39.7 13.4 15.6
Private truck S S S S S S 25.9
Rail S S S S S S 28.1
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S 36.3 10.5 43.5 10.5 5.7
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 36.3 10.5 43.5 10.5 5.7
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 28.1

Wisconsin

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 20.1 43.6 44.4 3.8
Single modes 21.8 2.8 43.8 0.3 44.6 0.3 3.6
Truck 20.5 2.9 S S S S 2.5
For-hire truck 20.9 2.6 S S S S 2.4
Private truck 28.2 1.6 S S S S 19.5
Rail 41.0 2.5 44.7 7.1 43.6 7.4 15.2
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 48.0 0.4 S S S S 21.9
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 35.3 2.7 S S S S 11.3
Parcel, USPS or courier 35.5 2.7 31.3 0.3 29.5 0.2 11.3
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 31.6
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 27.9

Wyoming

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 15.2
Single modes S S S S S S 26.1
Truck S S S S S S 25.9
For-hire truck S S S S S S 25.9
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 31.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 23.7
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 23.7
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.
CV Coefficient of variation of number

NOTE: The Introduction and appendixes give information onf confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.