Table B-15 - Estimated Measures of Reliability for Shipment Characteristics by Origin State and Mode of Transportation for State of Destination: 2002

Table B-15 - Estimated Measures of Reliability for Shipment Characteristics by Origin State and Mode of Transportation for State of Destination: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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Total

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 2.7 8.6 10.4 10.6
Single modes 3.2 2.0 8.8 1.1 10.2 0.9 11.6
Truck 3.5 2.1 11.7 2.6 8.4 3.8 12.7
For-hire truck 5.4 1.9 11.7 2.2 8.8 3.2 7.9
Private truck 5.9 2.1 17.5 3.5 17.8 1.3 19.1
Rail 11.2 0.5 10.9 2.6 14.5 3.7 6.0
Water 19.6 0.2 26.2 0.5 35.7 1.4 S
Shallow draft 21.1 0.2 27.4 0.5 38.8 1.5 S
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 30.0
Air (including truck and air) 22.0 0.5 S S S S 9.9
Pipeline S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 8.2 0.9 41.4 0.5 44.9 1.0 9.8
Parcel, USPS or courier 9.7 1.0 7.0 7.8 9.8
Truck and rail 29.2 0.2 38.8 0.2 25.7 0.3 24.2
Truck and water S S S S S S 40.7
Rail and water S S S S S S 29.5
Other Multiple modes S S S S S S 31.6
Other and unknown modes 39.2 1.8 26.8 1.3 27.4 0.3 S

Alabama

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 5.5 9.8 11.4 14.9
Single modes 7.1 2.5 10.5 2.1 12.0 1.5 16.8
Truck 7.6 3.5 12.0 2.7 13.3 7.8 16.8
For-hire truck 12.5 2.7 19.5 4.3 17.6 4.7 14.6
Private truck 10.0 4.8 13.6 4.1 12.1 4.5 18.1
Rail 29.9 1.0 21.8 2.7 27.7 7.2 20.4
Water S S S S S S S
Shallow draft S S S S S S S
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 44.7 46.7 24.9
Pipeline S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 24.1 1.1 S S S S 12.5
Parcel, USPS or courier 24.4 1.1 25.0 19.6 12.5
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water S S S S S S 31.6
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 23.1 1.6 29.7 2.2 22.5 0.3 S

Alaska

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 30.3
Single modes S S S S S S 31.6
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 31.6
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Arizona

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 3.8
Single modes 28.7 16.5 S S S S 4.8
Truck 44.8 12.1 S S S S 14.9
For-hire truck 45.4 12.1 S S S S 14.9
Private truck S S S S S S 31.6
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 38.9 13.1 40.0 10.7 39.5 11.2 15.0
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S 44.9 15.3 45.0 15.0 2.5
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 44.9 15.3 45.0 15.0 2.5
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Arkansas

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 20.0 15.8 16.1 4.8
Single modes 22.1 4.4 15.8 0.4 16.2 0.4 2.1
Truck 23.3 4.6 20.7 6.3 22.2 7.0 2.2
For-hire truck 28.5 6.7 19.6 5.5 22.5 6.3 1.7
Private truck 26.9 5.6 36.1 1.5 27.3 1.1 6.4
Rail 33.0 3.0 33.8 6.3 33.0 7.0 15.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 27.9
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 6.8
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 6.8
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 27.9

California

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 21.5 47.6 46.3 1.7
Single modes 32.8 8.5 S S S S 1.4
Truck 31.5 4.8 30.6 7.6 30.6 7.4 0.6
For-hire truck 22.3 4.7 30.7 8.2 30.9 8.0 0.6
Private truck S S S S S S 15.1
Rail 33.5 3.8 S S S S 15.0
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 47.9 8.6 S S S S 1.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 21.1 8.2 31.5 7.0 29.8 7.3 2.0
Parcel, USPS or courier 22.0 7.8 27.2 1.5 26.8 1.4 2.0
Truck and rail 31.7 1.3 36.0 5.9 33.4 6.3 1.9
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 27.9

Colorado

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 30.6 38.1 38.7 2.2
Single modes 17.8 11.8 38.2 0.3 38.7 0.3 2.8
Truck 36.4 12.2 S S S S 1.5
For-hire truck 32.6 10.9 S S S S 1.5
Private truck S S S S S S 27.9
Rail 36.7 11.8 S S S S 21.2
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 35.9 0.4 S S S S 21.1
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S 41.6 0.2 47.4 0.2 2.0
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 41.6 0.2 47.4 0.2 2.0
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

Connecticut

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 33.7 31.9 32.3 1.2
Single modes 33.7 9.5 39.3 12.2 39.5 12.2 3.1
Truck 35.8 9.7 39.3 12.2 39.5 12.2 1.6
For-hire truck 29.1 10.0 39.0 12.3 39.2 12.4 10.7
Private truck S S S S S S 25.9
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 26.0
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 38.5 10.2 46.4 11.4 47.1 11.4 1.2
Parcel, USPS or courier 38.5 10.2 46.4 11.4 47.1 11.4 1.2
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 29.8

Delaware

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 32.8 35.4 36.2 3.8
Single modes 38.2 8.9 37.0 5.6 38.0 5.8 3.1
Truck 34.2 12.1 27.0 14.7 26.5 15.1 2.5
For-hire truck 34.2 12.1 27.0 14.7 26.5 15.1 2.5
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 29.8
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 21.2
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 10.8
Parcel, USPS or courier 17.1 5.5 42.3 2.6 42.3 2.2 10.8
Truck and rail S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

District of Columbia

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 27.9
Single modes S S S S S S 31.6
Truck S S S S S S 31.6
For-hire truck S S S S S S 31.6
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 27.9
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 27.9
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Florida

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 20.6 20.2 23.4 13.1
Single modes 23.9 4.1 18.6 2.4 22.9 1.4 33.2
Truck 25.3 5.3 16.1 7.6 20.1 9.6 28.3
For-hire truck 43.3 7.4 18.5 7.4 17.8 9.3 4.4
Private truck 35.5 5.9 29.5 5.5 S S 31.9
Rail 45.3 2.4 35.0 6.4 42.6 9.0 19.4
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 48.7 49.1 18.6
Pipeline S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 29.8 4.1 S S 46.4 0.4 4.5
Parcel, USPS or courier 29.9 4.1 35.5 0.2 35.5 0.3 4.5
Truck and rail S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 23.8

Georgia

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 11.1 14.0 16.3 3.5
Single modes 11.3 1.5 13.6 2.2 16.5 3.7 2.9
Truck 11.5 1.7 15.4 2.9 12.5 4.5 2.9
For-hire truck 11.9 4.3 14.7 4.3 16.3 4.9 3.4
Private truck 20.0 3.9 25.4 4.7 18.0 3.9 4.9
Rail 35.5 0.6 29.9 2.7 24.9 3.1 5.6
Water S S S S S S 31.6
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 31.6
Air (including truck and air) 43.9 S S S S 26.0
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 19.7 1.2 S S S S 5.6
Parcel, USPS or courier 20.5 1.1 18.7 18.3 5.6
Truck and rail S S S S S S 29.8
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 44.9 0.5 30.1 0.4 36.9 0.4 7.9

Hawaii

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 30.0
Single modes
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 30.0
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 31.6
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Idaho

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 40.0 S S S S 10.6
Single modes 42.1 15.5 S S S S 15.1
Truck 47.5 15.6 S S S S 15.3
For-hire truck 42.1 12.7 S S S S 18.5
Private truck S S S S S S 25.9
Rail S S S S S S 31.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 29.9
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 44.7 15.5 42.9 15.9 44.5 15.9 18.3
Parcel, USPS or courier 44.7 15.5 42.9 15.9 44.5 15.9 18.3
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Illinois

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 12.7 14.0 14.0 3.4
Single modes 16.2 5.4 14.1 0.3 14.1 0.4 5.3
Truck 20.2 7.6 22.9 8.7 22.9 8.6 4.2
For-hire truck 24.5 9.5 24.0 8.3 23.7 8.2 4.1
Private truck S S 26.3 1.4 27.2 1.2 13.0
Rail 18.6 1.5 33.6 9.9 34.6 9.8 5.2
Water S S S S S S 28.7
Shallow draft S S S S S S 28.7
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 44.4 48.7 18.7
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 28.6 5.4 14.6 0.2 14.4 0.2 3.0
Parcel, USPS or courier 28.6 5.4 14.6 0.2 14.4 0.2 3.0
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 28.3

Indiana

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 13.7 33.8 42.3 3.0
Single modes 15.1 7.5 32.3 11.8 33.7 12.2 6.1
Truck 15.0 6.6 23.4 11.9 24.8 11.7 4.6
For-hire truck 15.2 5.0 25.7 11.6 27.3 11.4 5.1
Private truck 24.4 2.1 S S S S 4.8
Rail 41.6 6.1 42.1 10.9 41.1 11.0 15.6
Water S S S S S S 31.6
Shallow draft S S S S S S 31.6
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 24.0
Pipeline S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 32.9 6.9 S S S S 4.3
Parcel, USPS or courier 30.1 4.4 45.4 0.7 43.8 0.6 4.4
Truck and rail S S S S S S 29.8
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes S S S S S S 31.6
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 24.2

Iowa

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 25.9 36.7 38.0 3.4
Single modes 29.8 5.9 30.6 11.9 30.2 13.4 2.9
Truck 32.6 8.9 34.7 13.3 36.4 14.4 3.0
For-hire truck 36.5 8.8 40.1 13.5 43.9 14.2 3.1
Private truck S S S S S S 23.7
Rail S S S S S S 28.0
Water S S S S S S 31.6
Shallow draft S S S S S S 31.6
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 29.9
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 48.3 6.1 S S S S 4.8
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 44.1 1.2 42.5 1.0 4.8
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water S S S S S S 29.8
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 29.8

Kansas

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 23.8 33.3 35.9 3.6
Single modes 24.7 1.7 33.7 1.1 36.3 1.2 4.2
Truck 29.1 9.6 26.6 12.1 28.4 12.6 2.1
For-hire truck 34.6 9.6 30.5 11.2 33.1 11.6 2.7
Private truck 49.2 4.9 44.2 4.2 43.6 4.3 21.2
Rail 32.2 9.3 S S S S 18.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 21.7
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 31.4 1.7 24.1 1.1 24.3 1.1 4.2
Parcel, USPS or courier 31.4 1.7 24.1 1.1 24.3 1.1 4.2
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 27.9

Kentucky

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 19.7 S S S S 4.5
Single modes 22.9 5.5 S S S S 4.6
Truck 18.7 7.6 16.8 19.6 11.4 18.8 4.5
For-hire truck 16.2 9.6 22.8 14.2 17.2 13.5 5.1
Private truck S S 35.2 9.2 33.1 9.0 6.2
Rail S S S S S S 21.9
Water S S S S S S 31.6
Shallow draft S S S S S S 31.6
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 47.5 46.3 43.8 16.3
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 33.2 5.2 S S S S 5.7
Parcel, USPS or courier 33.9 5.2 22.6 0.2 23.6 0.2 5.7
Truck and rail S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 23.8

Louisiana

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 35.7 23.0 28.4 8.9
Single modes 29.0 8.9 23.4 0.9 28.6 0.4 13.9
Truck 42.6 9.0 15.4 9.4 12.4 8.7 9.6
For-hire truck S S 20.6 8.8 17.7 7.9 12.3
Private truck 39.5 6.5 23.7 2.3 24.3 2.0 28.2
Rail 42.2 5.5 23.1 5.7 23.5 7.0 5.3
Water 48.0 6.1 S S S S 26.0
Shallow draft 48.0 6.1 S S S S 26.0
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 28.0
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 31.1 5.3 S S 45.7 0.3 6.6
Parcel, USPS or courier 31.1 5.3 S S 45.7 0.3 6.6
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 27.7

Maine

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 33.2 S S S S 1.7
Single modes 38.5 12.2 S S S S 10.7
Truck 38.7 13.1 S S S S 10.7
For-hire truck 39.5 13.2 S S S S 10.8
Private truck 40.9 1.8 S S S S 21.3
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 2.1
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 2.1
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 29.8

Maryland

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 41.3 49.0 48.2 1.4
Single modes 48.3 8.9 50.0 4.8 49.3 5.1 1.7
Truck S S 49.8 4.7 49.1 5.0 1.3
For-hire truck S S S S 49.4 4.9 1.2
Private truck S S S S S S 31.6
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 26.0
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 25.0 8.7 S S S S 1.8
Parcel, USPS or courier 25.2 8.6 37.3 2.1 35.7 2.1 1.8
Truck and rail S S S S S S 29.8
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 30.1

Massachusetts

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S 40.2 39.2 1.4
Single modes S S 42.2 5.9 41.4 6.3 1.2
Truck S S 42.3 5.9 41.5 6.3 1.1
For-hire truck S S 42.3 5.9 41.6 6.3 1.1
Private truck 49.1 0.1 S S S S 25.9
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 23.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 33.5 12.9 30.2 3.7 31.0 3.9 1.5
Parcel, USPS or courier 33.5 12.9 30.2 3.7 31.0 3.9 1.5
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

Michigan

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 27.8 34.0 31.3 3.6
Single modes 29.0 4.4 35.4 2.3 32.6 2.6 4.2
Truck 29.3 5.1 42.7 8.3 40.2 8.3 3.0
For-hire truck 31.6 6.2 48.8 9.9 46.1 9.6 3.3
Private truck 33.9 3.3 33.8 4.8 34.4 4.2 11.4
Rail S S 37.7 8.0 38.0 8.0 21.2
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 18.5
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 47.2 4.0 S S S S 3.5
Parcel, USPS or courier 27.0 2.8 34.7 0.5 37.0 0.7 3.5
Truck and rail S S S S S S 27.9
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 33.4 1.5 30.8 0.4 29.3 0.4 21.7

Minnesota

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 21.3 39.4 38.7 1.9
Single modes 24.9 6.3 39.5 1.3 38.8 1.2 3.7
Truck 33.0 9.8 S S S S 3.2
For-hire truck 34.4 9.4 S S S S 3.4
Private truck 48.8 1.7 S S S S 15.1
Rail S S S S S S 25.8
Water S S S S S S 27.9
Shallow draft S S S S S S 27.9
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 49.9 0.3 46.4 0.3 15.3
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 39.9 6.3 38.1 0.8 36.7 0.8 1.6
Parcel, USPS or courier 39.9 6.3 38.1 0.8 36.7 0.8 1.6
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 29.8

Mississippi

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 11.4 18.0 16.7 9.6
Single modes 11.1 0.8 20.5 6.4 19.4 7.2 9.8
Truck 11.8 1.3 22.8 6.7 23.3 8.1 7.1
For-hire truck 18.8 7.5 24.5 5.5 20.4 4.6 5.9
Private truck 21.0 8.2 30.9 7.5 30.6 7.4 8.8
Rail 23.2 1.4 24.7 4.7 24.6 5.8 16.0
Water S S S S S S 31.6
Shallow draft S S S S S S 31.6
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 30.8 0.6 S S S S 11.2
Parcel, USPS or courier 34.8 0.5 S S S S 11.2
Truck and rail S S S S S S 28.6
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 26.6

Missouri

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 24.0 S S S S 3.1
Single modes 31.1 7.3 S S S S 3.9
Truck 32.3 8.0 S S S S 4.3
For-hire truck 30.5 7.9 40.9 16.1 44.2 16.6 4.2
Private truck S S S S S S 5.6
Rail 35.9 0.3 48.7 11.6 48.6 11.9 23.8
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 47.8 2.1 S S S S 22.8
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 16.9 7.3 S S S S 2.9
Parcel, USPS or courier 17.7 7.3 33.2 4.1 33.9 3.5 2.9
Truck and rail S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

Montana

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 1.5
Single modes S S S S S S 15.0
Truck S S S S S S 18.3
For-hire truck S S S S S S 18.4
Private truck S S S S S S 29.8
Rail S S S S S S 27.9
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 45.3 14.8 37.7 14.9 38.7 14.9 10.7
Parcel, USPS or courier 45.3 14.8 37.7 14.9 38.7 14.9 10.7
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

Nebraska

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 47.0 S S S S 5.3
Single modes 48.6 7.7 S S S S 1.9
Truck 47.7 9.7 S S S S 1.9
For-hire truck 46.1 10.2 S S S S 2.2
Private truck S S S S S S 27.9
Rail S S S S S S 29.8
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 40.0 7.7 45.9 0.9 40.1 0.9 6.3
Parcel, USPS or courier 40.0 7.7 45.9 0.9 40.1 0.9 6.3
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Nevada

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 37.6 S S S S 2.3
Single modes S S S S S S 11.0
Truck S S S S S S 15.2
For-hire truck S S S S S S 18.4
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 31.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 29.3 12.1 S S S S 2.5
Parcel, USPS or courier 29.3 12.1 S S S S 2.5
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

New Hampshire

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 17.7 22.8 23.5 1.3
Single modes 36.2 12.9 28.7 13.9 29.1 13.9 1.9
Truck 38.7 11.8 28.7 13.9 29.1 13.9 1.4
For-hire truck 40.2 11.3 26.7 12.8 27.3 12.9 1.5
Private truck S S S S S S 25.8
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 44.1 43.0 21.3
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 35.8 12.9 27.1 13.9 26.9 13.9 1.9
Parcel, USPS or courier 35.8 12.9 27.1 13.9 26.9 13.9 1.9
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

New Jersey

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 22.3 22.9 22.1 1.2
Single modes 26.8 7.2 24.4 3.8 23.6 3.7 1.4
Truck 28.4 7.2 24.4 3.9 23.6 3.9 1.7
For-hire truck 29.8 7.8 24.1 5.0 23.3 4.8 1.9
Private truck S S S S S S 27.9
Rail S S S S S S 27.9
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 44.1 43.5 18.5
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 27.9 7.2 46.0 3.8 47.6 3.7 1.6
Parcel, USPS or courier 27.9 7.2 46.0 3.8 47.6 3.7 1.6
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

New Mexico

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 40.3 S S S S 13.5
Single modes 43.6 16.4 S S S S 22.4
Truck 44.1 18.4 S S S S 23.6
For-hire truck 44.3 18.1 S S S S 23.6
Private truck S S S S S S 29.8
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 27.9
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 43.7 16.4 S S S S 14.9
Parcel, USPS or courier 43.7 16.4 S S S S 14.9
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

New York

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 18.8 41.6 41.0 1.6
Single modes 19.4 4.2 44.2 2.6 44.2 3.3 1.7
Truck 21.3 6.0 20.5 14.5 20.0 14.6 1.6
For-hire truck 23.6 5.0 21.2 12.6 20.9 12.6 1.2
Private truck 31.0 3.4 44.1 4.3 42.2 4.4 11.5
Rail S S S S S S 31.6
Water S S S S S S 31.6
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 31.6
Air (including truck and air) S S 49.1 49.1 11.2
Pipeline S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 24.5 4.0 S S S S 2.1
Parcel, USPS or courier 28.0 4.8 32.6 1.3 32.3 1.3 2.1
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 31.6
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 21.2

North Carolina

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 26.5 13.6 16.6 3.3
Single modes 27.4 1.7 13.8 1.0 16.9 0.9 2.5
Truck 28.2 2.3 14.0 1.1 17.2 1.3 2.5
For-hire truck 26.6 4.2 14.1 3.2 17.2 3.6 2.9
Private truck 42.2 3.3 27.3 2.7 29.6 2.3 4.5
Rail S S S S S S 30.0
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 26.0
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 15.5 1.2 29.3 0.2 26.4 0.2 4.8
Parcel, USPS or courier 15.5 1.2 29.3 0.2 26.4 0.2 4.8
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 19.1

North Dakota

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 4.7
Single modes S S S S S S 18.4
Truck S S S S S S 18.4
For-hire truck S S S S S S 23.6
Private truck S S S S S S 27.9
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 15.5
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 15.5
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 29.9

Ohio

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 14.1 18.7 18.1 2.7
Single modes 17.2 3.2 16.6 3.5 15.9 2.9 2.8
Truck 18.3 4.4 19.9 7.9 19.4 8.4 3.0
For-hire truck 21.0 5.7 15.9 8.6 16.4 8.4 2.5
Private truck S S S S S S 5.0
Rail 47.4 1.8 45.5 7.0 45.8 7.7 23.8
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 33.2 0.2 S S S S 16.3
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 14.5 3.3 16.8 0.4 16.1 0.4 3.7
Parcel, USPS or courier 14.5 3.3 16.8 0.4 16.1 0.4 3.7
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 23.9

Oklahoma

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 24.1 37.7 36.7 2.8
Single modes 23.3 6.1 41.4 8.1 41.7 8.7 6.4
Truck 34.0 13.1 S S S S 1.3
For-hire truck 30.8 12.8 S S S S 1.4
Private truck S S S S S S 23.6
Rail S S 30.6 13.1 30.2 13.6 18.3
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 29.8
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S 49.7 8.3 50.0 8.9 3.3
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 36.0 0.2 36.6 0.2 3.4
Truck and rail S S S S S S 27.9
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 30.2

Oregon

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 36.4 28.9 29.0 1.1
Single modes 38.5 9.8 34.6 9.9 35.0 10.0 1.0
Truck 36.3 8.5 36.9 11.7 37.1 11.7 0.9
For-hire truck 36.3 8.5 36.9 11.7 37.1 11.7 0.9
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 27.9
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 29.8
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 0.9
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 44.1 4.8 44.1 4.9 0.9
Truck and rail S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

Pennsylvania

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 16.2 20.8 21.0 1.8
Single modes 21.0 6.2 21.0 0.5 21.3 0.6 2.7
Truck 20.9 6.0 20.7 1.7 20.6 2.0 2.2
For-hire truck 21.3 6.2 23.2 5.1 23.0 5.0 2.3
Private truck S S S S S S 21.5
Rail S S S S S S 26.0
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 21.3
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 21.0 6.2 15.0 0.3 15.7 0.3 1.9
Parcel, USPS or courier 20.9 6.2 15.6 0.3 16.6 0.3 1.9
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 31.6
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 23.9

Rhode Island

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 17.1 37.5 38.5 2.4
Single modes 22.7 7.6 40.6 7.0 41.9 7.3 2.2
Truck 22.7 7.6 40.6 7.0 41.9 7.3 2.2
For-hire truck 23.4 10.0 41.2 11.7 42.4 12.0 10.8
Private truck S S S S S S 29.8
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 29.8
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 24.8 7.7 27.8 7.5 28.1 7.8 2.7
Parcel, USPS or courier 24.8 7.7 27.8 7.5 28.1 7.8 2.7
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

South Carolina

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 17.2 24.4 26.1 2.8
Single modes 17.9 1.3 24.5 0.2 26.2 0.3 3.4
Truck 19.6 4.4 26.3 8.1 22.4 10.0 3.3
For-hire truck 25.6 7.6 29.3 7.3 24.4 8.7 3.5
Private truck 45.3 7.4 14.8 4.3 17.9 3.6 7.1
Rail S S S S S S 23.8
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 28.5
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 27.8 1.3 10.9 12.2 2.9
Parcel, USPS or courier 27.8 1.3 10.9 12.2 2.9
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 28.0

South Dakota

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 24.9 30.8 31.1 2.3
Single modes 27.1 6.2 31.7 2.2 31.9 2.2 1.9
Truck 27.8 9.7 27.8 7.9 29.3 7.9 2.5
For-hire truck 31.2 10.2 28.1 7.6 29.7 7.7 2.3
Private truck S S S S S S 31.6
Rail S S S S S S 31.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 29.8
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 41.7 6.2 S S S S 3.9
Parcel, USPS or courier 41.7 6.2 S S S S 3.9
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Tennessee

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 10.4 S S S S 7.6
Single modes 11.5 2.9 S S S S 14.3
Truck 11.4 3.7 S S S S 12.2
For-hire truck 14.0 7.1 S S 29.9 14.8 10.3
Private truck 33.6 7.0 S S S S 14.5
Rail S S S S S S 23.5
Water S S S S S S 31.6
Shallow draft S S S S S S 31.6
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 23.7
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 17.3 1.3 19.2 0.4 21.0 0.4 6.2
Parcel, USPS or courier 18.2 1.3 27.9 0.4 25.3 0.4 6.2
Truck and rail S S S S S S 27.9
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S 29.4 0.9 26.6 0.5 22.2

Texas

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 36.5 16.8 14.5 2.0
Single modes 20.6 11.0 17.0 3.1 14.9 3.3 3.8
Truck 12.7 10.5 18.7 7.1 20.5 6.8 2.4
For-hire truck 14.0 8.6 14.1 5.7 14.8 5.3 2.4
Private truck 25.4 3.2 41.3 4.3 43.0 4.2 4.1
Rail 30.2 2.6 32.0 8.1 26.4 8.1 8.1
Water 34.3 1.4 S S S S 20.2
Shallow draft 34.3 1.4 S S S S 20.2
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 4.0
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 14.0 2.4 16.9 0.1 16.6 0.1 2.2
Parcel, USPS or courier 14.0 2.4 16.9 0.1 16.6 0.1 2.2
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 24.0

Utah

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 27.3 S S S S 1.0
Single modes 31.8 7.1 S S S S 2.5
Truck 27.2 9.0 S S S S 10.6
For-hire truck 27.2 9.0 S S S S 10.6
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 31.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 23.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 20.6 5.6 17.6 3.5 17.5 3.5 0.9
Parcel, USPS or courier 20.6 5.6 17.6 3.5 17.5 3.5 0.9
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 25.9

Vermont

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 21.9 S S S S 1.3
Single modes 40.5 11.3 S S S S 10.7
Truck 48.2 9.1 S S S S 10.7
For-hire truck 48.2 9.1 S S S S 10.7
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 23.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 40.4 11.7 37.1 13.9 37.4 13.9 1.4
Parcel, USPS or courier 40.4 11.7 37.1 13.9 37.4 13.9 1.4
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 29.8

Virginia

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 16.5 29.3 28.3 3.1
Single modes 19.3 7.5 29.6 0.6 28.6 0.8 3.6
Truck 19.1 7.7 23.1 10.3 25.9 10.0 4.5
For-hire truck 23.2 9.1 19.2 10.9 17.6 11.1 4.2
Private truck 32.4 5.0 S S S S 6.1
Rail S S 38.6 10.3 33.7 9.9 19.7
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 25.9
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 39.1 7.5 46.3 0.7 47.9 0.8 4.8
Parcel, USPS or courier 39.1 7.5 46.3 0.7 47.9 0.8 4.8
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 26.2

Washington

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 28.7 46.9 46.4 1.2
Single modes 29.9 11.5 48.1 11.1 47.5 11.4 2.4
Truck 41.9 11.3 48.4 16.8 48.6 16.9 1.5
For-hire truck 41.9 11.3 48.4 16.8 48.6 16.9 1.5
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 29.8
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 25.9
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1.4
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1.4
Truck and rail S S S S S S 29.8
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

West Virginia

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 17.2 36.6 33.8 2.6
Single modes 17.2 0.9 36.6 0.1 33.8 0.1 3.3
Truck 19.4 4.5 22.9 12.5 23.6 12.4 3.5
For-hire truck 23.7 8.8 28.9 9.4 29.5 9.1 3.7
Private truck S S S S S S 18.5
Rail 42.3 4.6 S S S S 21.8
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 28.0
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 48.2 0.9 46.9 0.1 S S 5.3
Parcel, USPS or courier 48.2 0.9 46.9 0.1 S S 5.3
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

Wisconsin

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 12.1 25.1 26.8 3.0
Single modes 18.2 8.3 25.2 1.9 26.9 1.8 2.9
Truck 20.0 8.0 30.4 14.4 29.1 15.5 2.9
For-hire truck 17.9 7.1 33.5 10.0 31.4 10.8 3.2
Private truck 48.1 4.3 37.7 6.9 34.6 6.7 5.3
Rail 34.7 1.9 35.8 15.4 35.8 16.6 21.3
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 18.4
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 45.5 8.3 47.2 1.7 46.6 1.7 3.4
Parcel, USPS or courier 45.5 8.3 47.2 1.7 46.6 1.7 3.4
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

Wyoming

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 18.8 28.0 27.9 9.4
Single modes 20.3 10.7 28.0 10.5 27.9 10.5 11.5
Truck S S S S S S 23.6
For-hire truck S S S S S S 23.6
Private truck
Rail 24.1 13.5 28.1 14.9 28.0 14.9 15.1
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 27.9
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 12.7
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 12.7
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.
CV Coefficient of variation of number

NOTE: The Introduction and appendixes give information onf confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.