Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for State of Origin: 2002

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for State of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 8,032 100.0 36,498 100.0 7,690 100.0
Less than 50 miles 3,730 46.4 S S S S
50 to 99 miles 766 9.5 2,714 7.4 248 3.2
100 to 249 miles 471 5.9 1,162 3.2 240 3.1
250 to 499 miles 1,694 21.1 6,558 18.0 3,116 40.5
500 to 749 miles 587 7.3 S S S S
750 to 999 miles 262 3.3 S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles 231 2.9 127 0.3 175 2.3
1,500 to 1,999 miles 213 2.6 S S S S
2,000 miles or more 78 1.0 S S S S

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 7,065 100.0 35,811 100.0 7,015 100.0
Less than 50 miles 3,458 48.9 S S S S
50 to 99 miles 706 10.0 2,693 7.5 246 3.5
100 to 249 miles 443 6.3 1,133 3.2 202 2.9
250 to 499 miles 1,537 21.8 6,298 17.6 2,688 38.3
500 to 749 miles 420 5.9 S S S S
750 to 999 miles 148 2.1 S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles 189 2.7 87 0.2 121 1.7
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more 55 0.8 S S S S

Truck2

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 4,620 100.0 14,266 100.0 859 100.0
Less than 50 miles 3,269 70.8 11,753 82.4 171 19.9
50 to 99 miles 295 6.4 S S S S
100 to 249 miles 387 8.4 1,116 7.8 195 22.7
250 to 499 miles 329 7.1 S S S S
500 to 749 miles S S S S S S
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles 6 0.1 S S S S
2,000 miles or more 9 0.2 4 S S

For-hire truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 2,204 100.0 7,139 100.0 720 100.0
Less than 50 miles 1,131 51.3 4,848 67.9 78 10.8
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles 354 16.1 1,055 14.8 182 25.3
250 to 499 miles 251 11.4 S S S S
500 to 749 miles S S S S S S
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles 2 S S S S
2,000 miles or more 5 0.2 S S S S

Private truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 2,380 100.0 7,120 100.0 136 100.0
Less than 50 miles 2,137 89.8 6,904 97.0 94 69.0
50 to 99 miles 90 3.8 S S S S
100 to 249 miles 29 1.2 61 0.9 13 9.3
250 to 499 miles 53 2.2 11 0.2 4 3.1
500 to 749 miles S S 4 S S
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more S S 2 4 2.7

Rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 1,181 100.0 S S 3,739 100.0
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles 1,145 97.0 5,787 32.1 2,430 65.0
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

Water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 516 100.0 1,529 100.0 S S
Less than 50 miles 67 13.0 S S S S
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles S S S S S S
500 to 749 miles 40 7.7 S S S S
750 to 999 miles 130 25.1 S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles 95 18.4 S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Shallow draft

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 99 100.0 S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles 30 30.1 S S S S
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

Great Lakes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

Deep draft

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 417 100.0 S S S S
Less than 50 miles 57 13.7 S S S S
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles S S S S S S
500 to 749 miles 10 2.5 3 0.2 3 0.1
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles 95 22.8 S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Air (including truck and air)

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 294 100.0 42 100.0 46 100.0
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles 20 6.9 2 3.9 1 1.6
250 to 499 miles 47 16.1 9 22.4 5 10.5
500 to 749 miles 110 37.5 18 43.3 15 33.2
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles 42 14.1 7 16.2 14 31.3
1,500 to 1,999 miles 9 2.9 1 3.1 4 8.4
2,000 miles or more S S 1 2.8 5 10.6

Pipeline3

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 454 100.0 1,946 100.0 S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles S S
250 to 499 miles S S
500 to 749 miles S S
750 to 999 miles S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S
2,000 miles or more S S

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 610 100.0 S S S S
Less than 50 miles 60 9.9 3 0.6
50 to 99 miles 18 3.0 1 0.3
100 to 249 miles 24 4.0 S S S S
250 to 499 miles 105 17.2 S S S S
500 to 749 miles 137 22.5 S S 25 3.9
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more 13 2.2 S S S S

Parcel, USPS or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 177 100.0 10 100.0 8 100.0
Less than 50 miles 60 33.9 3 26.8 0.3
50 to 99 miles 17 9.8 1 9.9 1.9
100 to 249 miles 18 10.0 S S S S
250 to 499 miles 30 17.0 4 37.3 S S
500 to 749 miles 28 15.8 1 9.2 1 12.1
750 to 999 miles 4 2.4 1.4 1.6
1,000 to 1,499 miles 1 0.8 S S 1.0
1,500 to 1,999 miles 7 3.8 0.9 S S
2,000 miles or more 12 6.5 S S S S

Truck and rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles S S S S S S
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

Truck and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 429 100.0 S S S S
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles S S S S S S
500 to 749 miles 109 25.5 S S 24 4.1
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Rail and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

Other Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 357 100.0 S S 33 100.0
Less than 50 miles 212 59.2 S S S S
50 to 99 miles S S S S 2 5.1
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles 52 14.5 14 6.9 S S
500 to 749 miles S S 5 2.5 5 15.6
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private truck, only for-hire truck, or a combination of private truck and for-hire truck.
3 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.
Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.