Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for State of Origin: 2002

Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for State of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 8,032 100.0 36,498 100.0 7,690 100.0 166
Less than 50 lbs 500 6.2 19 4 168
50 to 99 lbs 225 2.8 21 4 171
100 to 499 lbs 634 7.9 106 0.3 17 0.2 171
500 to 749 lbs 139 1.7 48 0.1 7 153
750 to 999 lbs 144 1.8 49 0.1 9 0.1 184
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 917 11.4 618 1.7 97 1.3 186
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 2,299 28.6 5,682 15.6 475 6.2 79
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 764 9.5 4,305 11.8 S S S
100,000 lbs or more 2,411 30.0 25,651 70.3 6,448 83.8 327

Single modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 7,065 100.0 35,811 100.0 7,015 100.0 141
Less than 50 lbs 345 4.9 14 2 150
50 to 99 lbs 183 2.6 17 3 157
100 to 499 lbs 538 7.6 92 0.3 11 0.2 137
500 to 749 lbs 118 1.7 43 0.1 4 108
750 to 999 lbs 118 1.7 45 0.1 7 0.1 156
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 749 10.6 558 1.6 69 1.0 148
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 1,953 27.6 5,506 15.4 352 5.0 61
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 689 9.7 4,061 11.3 232 3.3 56
100,000 lbs or more 2,372 33.6 25,475 71.1 6,333 90.3 322

Truck2

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 4,620 100.0 14,266 100.0 859 100.0 69
Less than 50 lbs 273 5.9 12 1 0.1 68
50 to 99 lbs 153 3.3 15 0.1 1 0.1 76
100 to 499 lbs 471 10.2 85 0.6 6 0.8 82
500 to 749 lbs 109 2.4 42 0.3 2 0.3 S
750 to 999 lbs 101 2.2 41 0.3 2 0.3 59
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 596 12.9 513 3.6 37 4.3 78
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 1,727 37.4 5,348 37.5 S S 52
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 641 13.9 4,016 28.2 185 21.5 43
100,000 lbs or more 548 11.9 4,194 29.4 S S S

For-hire truck

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 2,204 100.0 7,139 100.0 720 100.0 179
Less than 50 lbs 83 3.8 2 218
50 to 99 lbs S S 2 219
100 to 499 lbs 221 10.0 11 0.2 3 0.4 249
500 to 749 lbs 31 1.4 5 1 0.2 301
750 to 999 lbs 17 0.8 4 1 0.1 221
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 224 10.2 96 1.3 20 2.8 197
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 847 38.4 2,482 34.8 S S 92
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 384 17.4 2,284 32.0 157 21.8 63
100,000 lbs or more 351 15.9 2,254 31.6 S S 77

Private truck

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 2,380 100.0 7,120 100.0 136 100.0 36
Less than 50 lbs 187 7.8 10 0.1 0.2 34
50 to 99 lbs 103 4.3 13 0.2 0.3 37
100 to 499 lbs 244 10.3 73 1.0 3 2.2 45
500 to 749 lbs 78 3.3 37 0.5 1 0.7 26
750 to 999 lbs 76 3.2 36 0.5 1 0.9 35
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 360 15.1 414 5.8 15 11.1 49
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S 2,864 40.2 55 40.7 19
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 256 10.8 1,732 24.3 28 20.5 S
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S 15

Rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 1,181 100.0 S S 3,739 100.0 401
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S 2
50 to 99 lbs S S S S S S 402
100 to 499 lbs S S S S S S 400
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 17
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 416
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 130
100,000 lbs or more 1,139 96.4 S S 3,722 99.6 408

Water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 516 100.0 1,529 100.0 S S 376
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S 593
50 to 99 lbs 1 0.2 S S S S 706
100 to 499 lbs 9 1.7 S S S S 492
500 to 749 lbs 3 0.6 S S 571
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S S
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S 11 0.7 S S S
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 177 34.2 114 7.4 S S S
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,070
100,000 lbs or more 232 45.0 S S S S 744

Shallow draft

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 99 100.0 S S S S S
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S 34
50 to 99 lbs S S S S S S 32
100 to 499 lbs S S S S S S 46
500 to 749 lbs S S S S S S 248
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S 45
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 54
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S 4 20.5 S
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 116
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S 198

Great Lakes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Deep draft

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 417 100.0 S S S S 639
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S 679
50 to 99 lbs S S S S S S 820
100 to 499 lbs 7 1.7 S S S S 827
500 to 749 lbs S S S S S S 725
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S 200
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 264
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S S S S
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,096
100,000 lbs or more 216 51.7 S S S S 941

Air (including truck and air)

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 294 100.0 42 100.0 46 100.0 1,063
Less than 50 lbs 71 24.2 1 3.2 2 3.5 1,066
50 to 99 lbs S S 1 3.0 S S 1,080
100 to 499 lbs S S 4 9.4 4 8.3 896
500 to 749 lbs 6 2.2 1 2.5 2 4.0 1,776
750 to 999 lbs 12 4.0 2 5.1 4 9.5 2,033
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 111 37.7 29 67.9 30 66.8 1,029
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 9 2.9 S S S S 618
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Pipeline3

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 454 100.0 1,946 100.0 S S S
Less than 50 lbs S S S
50 to 99 lbs S S S
100 to 499 lbs S S S S S S S
500 to 749 lbs S S S
750 to 999 lbs S S S
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S S
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S S S S
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S
100,000 lbs or more 453 99.7 1,942 99.8 S S S

Multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 610 100.0 S S S S 656
Less than 50 lbs 99 16.2 2 0.4 1 0.2 571
50 to 99 lbs 21 3.5 1 0.2 1 0.1 752
100 to 499 lbs 62 10.2 5 1.0 5 0.8 1,048
500 to 749 lbs 11 1.8 3 0.5 2 0.4 975
750 to 999 lbs S S 2 0.4 2 0.2 692
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S 5 1.0 7 1.0 1,143
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 303 49.6 141 29.4 115 17.9 890
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,645
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S 1,418

Parcel, USPS or courier

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 177 100.0 10 100.0 8 100.0 607
Less than 50 lbs 97 54.4 2 15.3 1 11.5 551
50 to 99 lbs 12 6.7 1 9.0 1 8.9 767
100 to 499 lbs 49 27.6 3 32.3 S S 1,147
500 to 749 lbs 8 4.6 2 21.5 2 21.5 837
750 to 999 lbs 5 2.9 2 17.4 S S 507
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 207
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Truck and rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes S S S S S S 413
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S 482
50 to 99 lbs S S S S S S 19
100 to 499 lbs S S S S S S 491
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Truck and water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 429 100.0 S S S S 1,340
Less than 50 lbs S S 1,584
50 to 99 lbs S S S S S S 1,238
100 to 499 lbs 11 2.6 1 0.2 1 0.2 1,128
500 to 749 lbs 3 0.6 1 0.1 1,675
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S 1,462
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 7 1.7 5 1.0 7 1.1 1,444
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 303 70.6 141 32.5 115 19.6 890
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,645
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S 1,425

Rail and water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes S S S S S S 1,363
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S 1,363

Other Multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes S S S S S S 22
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S 22
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Other and unknown modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 357 100.0 S S 33 100.0 S
Less than 50 lbs 56 15.8 4 2.0 0.2 S
50 to 99 lbs 20 5.7 3 1.4 0.2 S
100 to 499 lbs 33 9.4 10 4.7 S S S
500 to 749 lbs S S 2 1.0 S S S
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S 356
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 154 43.1 55 26.7 21 64.4 443
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 382
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S S
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S 18

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private truck, only for-hire truck, or a combination of private tuck and for-hire truck.
3 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.
Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.