Table 6. Shipment Characteristics by Two-Digit Commodity and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002

Table 6. Shipment Characteristics by Two-Digit Commodity and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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SCTG –

Commodity (2-digit SCTG): All Commodities2

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 8,032 100.0 36,498 100.0 7,690 100.0 166
Single modes 7,065 88.0 35,811 98.1 7,015 91.2 141
Truck3 4,620 57.5 14,266 39.1 859 11.2 69
For-hire Truck 2,204 27.4 7,139 19.6 720 9.4 179
Private Truck 2,380 29.6 7,120 19.5 136 1.8 36
Rail 1,181 14.7 S S 3,739 48.6 401
Water 516 6.4 1,529 4.2 S S 376
Shallow draft 99 1.2 S S S S S
Great Lakes
Deep draft 417 5.2 S S S S 639
Air (including truck and air) 294 3.7 42 0.1 46 0.6 1,063
Pipeline4 454 5.7 1,946 5.3 S S S
Multiple modes 610 7.6 S S S S 656
Parcel, USPS or courier 177 2.2 10 8 0.1 607
Truck and rail S S S S S S 413
Truck and water 429 5.3 S S S S 1,340
Rail and water S S S S S S 1,363
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 22
Other and unknown modes 357 4.4 S S 33 0.4 S

SCTG 1

Commodity (2-digit SCTG): Live animals and live fish

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 269
Single modes S S S S S S 269
Truck3
For-hire Truck
Private Truck
Rail
Water S S S S S S 269
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 269
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 2

Commodity (2-digit SCTG): Cereal grains

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 3
Single modes S S S S S S 3
Truck3 S S S S S S 3
For-hire Truck
Private Truck S S S S S S 3
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 3

Commodity (2-digit SCTG): Other agricultural products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S S
Truck3 S S S S S S 29
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 404
Private Truck S S S S S S 12
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 677
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,763
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 1,763
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 53

SCTG 4

Commodity (2-digit SCTG): Animal feed and products of animal origin, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 575
Single modes S S S S S S 16
Truck3 S S S S S S 16
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 16
Private Truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,596
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,691
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 938
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 5

Commodity (2-digit SCTG): Meat, fish,s eafood, and their preparations

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,013 100.0 519 100.0 360 100.0 732
Single modes 663 65.4 392 75.4 S S 702
Truck3 337 33.3 S S S S S
For-hire Truck 145 14.4 49 9.4 S S 327
Private Truck S S S S S S S
Rail
Water 233 23.0 S S S S 1,097
Shallow draft S S 10 2.0 S S 283
Great Lakes
Deep draft 165 16.3 S S S S 1,236
Air (including truck and air) 93 9.1 15 2.8 24 6.7 2,678
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 300 29.6 114 21.9 85 23.6 1,904
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 2,331
Truck and rail
Truck and water 295 29.1 113 21.8 83 23.1 876
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 82

SCTG 6

Commodity (2-digit SCTG): Milled grain products and preparations, and bakery products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 210
Single modes S S S S S S 32
Truck3 S S S S S S 28
For-hire Truck
Private Truck S S S S S S 28
Rail
Water S S S S S S 1,012
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 1,012
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 830
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,495
Truck and rail S S S S S S 412
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2

SCTG 7

Commodity (2-digit SCTG): Other prepared food stuffs and fats and oils

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 183 100.0 212 100.0 20 100.0 157
Single modes 159 87.1 199 93.8 14 70.2 104
Truck3 155 84.7 195 92.0 S S 80
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 230
Private Truck 127 69.3 176 82.9 S S 56
Rail S S S S S S 402
Water S S S S S S 1,199
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 1,199
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 711
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S 1 0.3 S S 1,119
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,077
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 1,323
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 12 6.8 S S S S S

SCTG 8

Commodity (2-digit SCTG): Alcoholic beverages

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 94 100.0 49 100.0 15 100.0 279
Single modes 76 80.2 32 64.9 S S 232
Truck3 65 68.6 28 57.6 S S 81
For-hire Truck 3 3.3 1 2.5 S S 51
Private Truck 61 64.5 27 54.8 S S 71
Rail S S S S S S 400
Water S S S S S S 730
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 730
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 701
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 19 19.8 17 35.1 12 77.6 1,117
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water 19 19.8 17 35.1 12 77.6 1,117
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 9

Commodity (2-digit SCTG): Tobacco products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 1,469
Single modes
Truck3
For-hire Truck
Private Truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,469
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,469
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 10

Commodity (2-digit SCTG): Monumental or building stone

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes
Single modes
Truck3
For-hire Truck
Private Truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 11

Commodity (2-digit SCTG): Natural sands

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 9
Single modes S S S S S S S
Truck3 S S S S S S S
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 538
Private Truck S S S S S S 3
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 8

SCTG 12

Commodity (2-digit SCTG): Gravel and crushed stone

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 36 100.0 S S S S S
Single modes 36 99.4 S S S S S
Truck3 S S 4,330 27.2 S S 8
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 7
Private Truck S S S S S S 8
Rail S S S S S S 105
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 7

SCTG 13

Commodity (2-digit SCTG): Non-metallic minerals nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 196
Single modes S S S S S S 197
Truck3 S S S S S S 197
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 311
Private Truck S S S S S S 6
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 174

SCTG 14

Commodity (2-digit SCTG): Metallic ores and concentrates

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 539
Single modes S S S S S S 539
Truck3 S S S S S S 539
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 539
Private Truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 15

Commodity (2-digit SCTG): Coal

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 34 100.0 1,147 100.0 279 100.0 255
Single modes 33 97.9 1,111 96.9 S S 224
Truck3 S S S S S S 227
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 227
Private Truck
Rail S S S S S S 190
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 768
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,363
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water S S S S S S 1,363
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 17

Commodity (2-digit SCTG): Gasoline and aviation turbine fuel

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,257 100.0 9,487 100.0 2,440 100.0 108
Single modes 2,234 99.0 9,391 99.0 2,430 99.6 114
Truck3 901 39.9 3,119 32.9 S S 59
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 125
Private Truck 303 13.4 1,127 11.9 27 1.1 28
Rail 866 38.4 4,257 44.9 1,782 73.0 419
Water S S S S S S S
Shallow draft S S S S S S 43
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 2,097
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 428 18.9 1,816 19.1 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,535
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 1,535
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2

SCTG 18

Commodity (2-digit SCTG): Fuel oils

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 923 100.0 4,592 100.0 920 100.0 S
Single modes 867 93.9 4,322 94.1 497 54.0 55
Truck3 682 73.9 3,344 72.8 192 20.9 44
For-hire Truck 386 41.8 2,135 46.5 166 18.1 87
Private Truck 296 32.0 1,209 26.3 26 2.8 29
Rail S S S S S S 369
Water S S S S S S 43
Shallow draft S S S S S S 43
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 43
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,549
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 3
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 1,690
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 6

SCTG 19

Commodity (2-digit SCTG): Coal and petroleum products, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 255 100.0 1,314 100.0 S S S
Single modes 251 98.1 1,308 99.5 S S S
Truck3 104 40.8 609 46.3 S S S
For-hire Truck 37 14.4 406 30.9 7 1.4 13
Private Truck S S S S S S S
Rail S S S S S S 419
Water S S S S S S 2,381
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 2,381
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2

SCTG 20

Commodity (2-digit SCTG): Basic chemicals

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 17 100.0 S S S S S
Single modes 13 75.1 S S S S S
Truck3 12 74.0 S S S S S
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 280
Private Truck 6 36.4 S S S S S
Rail S S S S S S 2
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 0.2 S S S S 603
Pipeline4 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 12
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 2,085
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 21

Commodity (2-digit SCTG): Pharmaceutical products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 413
Single modes S S S S S S 217
Truck3 S S S S S S 22
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 22
Private Truck S S S S S S 2
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 558
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 13 6.4 S S S S 819
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 718
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 1,664
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 22

Commodity (2-digit SCTG): Fertilizers

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S S
Truck3 S S S S S S 210
For-hire Truck 6 7.3 17 2.3 S S 218
Private Truck S S S S S S 152
Rail
Water S S S S S S 1,934
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 1,934
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 152

SCTG 23

Commodity (2-digit SCTG): Chemical products and preparations, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 46 100.0 23 100.0 S S S
Single modes 38 83.9 20 86.3 S S S
Truck3 38 83.1 16 70.8 S S S
For-hire Truck S S S S S S S
Private Truck 32 69.8 11 46.0 S S S
Rail
Water S S S S S S 1,856
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 1,856
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 824
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S 0.2 S S 530
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 519
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 1,429
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 57

SCTG 24

Commodity (2-digit SCTG): Plastics and rubber

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 110 100.0 18 100.0 S S 182
Single modes 67 61.1 12 64.1 S S 175
Truck3 66 59.8 12 63.3 S S 125
For-hire Truck 43 39.0 S S S S 369
Private Truck 23 20.8 4 24.4 4.5 S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,983
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S S
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 1,781
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S 6 30.9 S S 188

SCTG 25

Commodity (2-digit SCTG): Logs and other wood in the rough

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 2
Single modes S S S S S S 2
Truck3 S S S S S S 2
For-hire Truck
Private Truck S S S S S S 2
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 26

Commodity (2-digit SCTG): Wood products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 42 100.0 S S S S S
Single modes 37 87.9 S S S S S
Truck3 22 52.3 S S S S S
For-hire Truck 11 26.0 7 9.6 S S 152
Private Truck 11 26.3 6 8.5 S S S
Rail
Water S S S S S S 198
Shallow draft S S S S S S 198
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 695
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 250
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 250
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 27

Commodity (2-digit SCTG): Pulp, newsprint, paper, and paper board

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 7 100.0 S S 100.0 75
Single modes 7 96.7 S S S S 20
Truck3 7 96.7 S S S S 20
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 246
Private Truck 7 95.3 S S S S 15
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 683
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 683
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 28

Commodity (2-digit SCTG): Paper or paper board articles

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 36 100.0 19 100.0 100.0 37
Single modes 35 96.4 19 96.6 70.3 S
Truck3 35 96.1 19 96.4 60.1 S
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 33
Private Truck 35 94.7 19 95.8 58.0 S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 846
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 0.9 S S S S 284
Parcel, USPS or courier 0.9 S S S S 284
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 1 2.7 S S S S 75

SCTG 29

Commodity (2-digit SCTG): Printed products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 24 100.0 1 100.0 S S 272
Single modes 16 67.0 1 52.3 S S 46
Truck3 15 63.8 1 47.7 S S 27
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 76
Private Truck 11 47.1 38.3 2.1 S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 737
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 4 17.0 S S S S 902
Parcel, USPS or courier 4 16.9 S S S S 900
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 1,464
Rail and water
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 32
Other and unknown modes S S 15.6 S S S

SCTG 30

Commodity (2-digit SCTG): Textiles, leather,and articles of textiles or leather

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 19 100.0 2 100.0 1 100.0 146
Single modes 13 65.8 1 54.9 58.0 213
Truck3 9 49.0 1 41.8 S S 151
For-hire Truck 5 26.7 S S S S 444
Private Truck 4 22.4 1 35.8 S S S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 789
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 2 11.7 S S S S 206
Parcel, USPS or courier 2 11.7 S S S S 206
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 31

Commodity (2-digit SCTG): Nonmetallic mineral products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 128 100.0 1,153 100.0 22 100.0 56
Single modes 106 82.6 1,146 99.4 21 92.6 50
Truck3 94 73.5 1,108 96.1 21 92.3 S
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 424
Private Truck 86 66.8 1,096 95.0 15 65.1 S
Rail
Water S S S S S S S
Shallow draft S S S S S S 91
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S S
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 915
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,064
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 977
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 1,388
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S 0.2 S

SCTG 32

Commodity (2-digit SCTG): Base metal in primary or semifinished forms and in finished basic shapes

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 57 100.0 46 100.0 S S 103
Single modes 52 91.7 44 95.7 S S 89
Truck3 51 90.1 44 94.5 S S 76
For-hire Truck S S 12 25.1 S S 416
Private Truck 35 62.1 30 64.8 1 14.7 36
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 1 1.5 S S S S 726
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 552
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 467
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 1,296
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 33

Commodity (2-digit SCTG): Articles of base metal

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 129 100.0 S S S S 100
Single modes S S S S S S 143
Truck3 S S S S S S 120
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 338
Private Truck 42 32.6 10 16.4 1 7.4 64
Rail
Water S S S S S S 982
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 982
Air (including truck and air) 3 2.1 S S S S 514
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 3 2.2 0.3 S S S
Parcel, USPS or courier 3 2.0 0.2 S S S
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 1,535
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 34

Commodity (2-digit SCTG): Machinery

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 294 100.0 25 100.0 S S 258
Single modes 265 90.0 22 88.9 S S 228
Truck3 212 72.1 18 71.3 S S 119
For-hire Truck 74 25.0 S S S S 282
Private Truck 132 44.7 9 34.3 S S S
Rail
Water S S S S 0.8 S
Shallow draft 2 0.7 S S S S 61
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S 0.7 S
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 870
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 17 5.9 1 4.1 4.3 501
Parcel, USPS or courier 16 5.4 S S 2.6 475
Truck and rail
Truck and water 2 0.5 0.7 S S 1,510
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 86

SCTG 35

Commodity (2-digit SCTG): Electronic and other electrical equipment and components and office equipment

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 351 100.0 43 100.0 7 100.0 96
Single modes 230 65.6 35 82.4 6 90.6 69
Truck3 218 62.0 31 72.4 3 41.6 44
For-hire Truck 132 37.7 S S 3 38.0 114
Private Truck 85 24.3 7 16.0 3.6 28
Rail
Water S S S S S S 1,057
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 1,057
Air (including truck and air) 12 3.3 S S S S 632
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 67 19.1 2 5.5 1 8.9 578
Parcel, USPS or courier 64 18.2 2 5.1 6.8 570
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 1,015
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S 5 12.1 0.5 11

SCTG 36

Commodity (2-digit SCTG): Motorized and other vehicles (including parts)

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 292 100.0 31 100.0 8 100.0 183
Single modes 230 78.8 26 83.7 7 88.5 190
Truck3 167 57.2 19 59.8 4 45.0 100
For-hire Truck 95 32.4 10 32.8 3 33.4 313
Private Truck 72 24.8 8 27.0 S S 43
Rail
Water 5 1.6 S S S S 216
Shallow draft S S S S S S 210
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 218
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 502
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 26 8.9 1 4.3 1 8.0 474
Parcel, USPS or courier 23 8.0 1 3.8 5.0 474
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 1,337
Rail and water
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 22
Other and unknown modes 36 12.2 4 12.0 S S S

SCTG 37

Commodity (2-digit SCTG): Transportation equipment, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 372
Single modes S S S S S S 206
Truck3 S S S S S S 196
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 798
Private Truck S S S S S S 43
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 420
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 706
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 643
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 1,079
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 646

SCTG 38

Commodity (2-digit SCTG): Precision instruments and apparatus

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 314
Single modes S S S S S S 163
Truck3 S S S S S S 163
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 777
Private Truck S S S S S S 34
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 81
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 795
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 795
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 22

SCTG 39

Commodity (2-digit SCTG): Furniture, mattresses and mattress supports, lamps, lighting fittings

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 98 100.0 9 100.0 2 100.0 184
Single modes 96 98.3 9 99.1 2 95.1 122
Truck3 95 96.5 9 96.8 2 89.9 114
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 304
Private Truck S S 6 63.3 S S 27
Rail
Water S S S S S S 233
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 233
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 617
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,732
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,796
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 1,475
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1

SCTG 40

Commodity (2-digit SCTG): Miscellaneous manufactured products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S 10 100.0 4 100.0 306
Single modes S S 9 82.0 2 55.3 311
Truck3 S S 8 81.1 2 52.1 215
For-hire Truck S S 5 44.4 2 44.1 523
Private Truck S S 4 36.7 S S 159
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 0.9 3.3 3,486
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 13 9.1 S S S S 558
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 504
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 1,256
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 41

Commodity (2-digit SCTG): Waste and scrap

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 1,282
Single modes
Truck3
For-hire Truck
Private Truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,282
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 1,282
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 43

Commodity (2-digit SCTG): Mixed freight

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S 51 100.0 241
Single modes S S S S S S S
Truck3 S S S S S S 97
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 166
Private Truck S S S S S S S
Rail S S S S S S 413
Water S S S S S S 648
Shallow draft S S S S S S 39
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 661
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 914
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 13 1.5 S S S S 775
Parcel, USPS or courier 11 1.3 S S S S 756
Truck and rail S S S S S S 421
Truck and water S S S S S S 1,470
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 52 6.0 17 5.2 16 31.1 452

SCTG –

Commodity (2-digit SCTG): Commodity unknown

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 26 100.0 80 100.0 S S S
Single modes 21 78.3 74 93.4 S S 42
Truck3 21 78.2 74 93.4 S S 39
For-hire Truck S S S S S S S
Private Truck S S S S S S 37
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 835
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,532
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 323
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 1,860
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 Estimates exclude shipments of crude petroleum (SCTG 16).
3 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private truck, only for-hire truck, or a combination of private tuck and for-hire truck.
4 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs. Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.