Table 13 - Shipment Characteristics by Destination and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002

Table 13 - Shipment Characteristics by Destination and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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Total

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 8,032 100.0 36,498 100.0 7,690 100.0 166
Single modes 7,065 88.0 35,811 98.1 7,015 91.2 141
Truck 4,620 57.5 14,266 39.1 859 11.2 69
For-hire truck 2,204 27.4 7,139 19.6 720 9.4 179
Private truck 2,380 29.6 7,120 19.5 136 1.8 36
Rail 1,181 14.7 S S 3,739 48.6 401
Water 516 6.4 1,529 4.2 S S 376
Shallow draft 99 1.2 S S S S S
Great Lakes
Deep draft 417 5.2 S S S S 639
Air (including truck and air) 294 3.7 42 0.1 46 0.6 1,063
Pipeline3 454 5.7 1,946 5.3 S S S
Multiple modes 610 7.6 S S S S 656
Parcel, USPS or courier 177 2.2 10 8 0.1 607
Truck and rail S S S S S S 413
Truck and water 429 5.3 S S S S 1,340
Rail and water S S S S S S 1,363
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 22
Other and unknown modes 357 4.4 S S 33 0.4 S

Alabama

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 3,646
Single modes S S S S S S 4,277
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 4,277
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,970
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,970
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Alaska

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 7,154 100.0 35,066 100.0 5,326 100.0 117
Single modes 6,545 91.5 34,537 98.5 4,789 89.9 96
Truck 4,545 63.5 14,226 40.6 830 15.6 60
For-hire truck 2,148 30.0 7,110 20.3 700 13.1 162
Private truck 2,362 33.0 7,110 20.3 126 2.4 29
Rail 1,181 16.5 S S 3,739 70.2 401
Water 172 2.4 S S S S 303
Shallow draft 20 0.3 S S S S S
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 531
Air (including truck and air) 193 2.7 27 17 0.3 586
Pipeline3 454 6.3 1,946 5.5 S S S
Multiple modes 265 3.7 S S S S 533
Parcel, USPS or courier 158 2.2 9 6 0.1 469
Truck and rail S S S S S S 413
Truck and water 104 1.4 S S S S 1,442
Rail and water S S S S S S 1,363
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 22
Other and unknown modes 344 4.8 S S 30 0.6 S

Arizona

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 1,831
Single modes S S S S S S 4,779
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 4,779
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,813
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,813
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Arkansas

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 3,518
Single modes
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 3,518
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 3,518
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

California

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 63 100.0 S S S S 1,974
Single modes S S S S S S 2,159
Truck S S S S S S 1,332
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,362
Private truck S S S S S S 1,285
Rail
Water S S S S S S 2,381
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 2,381
Air (including truck and air) 17 26.6 2 2.1 8 2.9 3,208
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 5 7.4 4 3.4 6 2.2 1,474
Parcel, USPS or courier 1 1.4 S S 1,472
Truck and rail
Truck and water 4 5.9 4 3.4 6 2.2 1,499
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,701

Colorado

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1 100.0 S S S S 1,599
Single modes S S S S S S 2,552
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,552
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S 5.2 1,398
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S 5.2 1,398
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Connecticut

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 4,231
Single modes S S S S S S 4,495
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 4,495
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,960
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,960
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Delaware

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes
Single modes
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

District of Columbia

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 3,717
Single modes S S S S S S 3,717
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 3,717
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Florida

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 4,050
Single modes S S S S S S 4,427
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 4,427
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,548
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 2,548
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Georgia

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 3,487
Single modes S S S S S S 4,130
Truck S S S S S S 2,121
For-hire truck S S S S S S 2,121
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 4,269
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,992
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,992
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Hawaii

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 4,682
Single modes S S S S S S 4,909
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 4,909
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 3,335
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 3,335
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Idaho

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S 100.0 1,102
Single modes S S S S S S 2,504
Truck S S S S S S 484
For-hire truck S S S S S S 484
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 3,889
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 862
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 862
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 584

Illinois

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 2,444
Single modes S S S S S S 3,829
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 3,829
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,253
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 2,253
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Indiana

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 1,481
Single modes
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,481
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,481
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Iowa

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes
Single modes
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Kansas

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 1,940
Single modes S S S S S S 2,110
Truck S S S S S S 1,321
For-hire truck
Private truck S S S S S S 1,321
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 4,148
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,380
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,380
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Kentucky

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 1,841
Single modes S S S S S S 1,843
Truck S S S S S S 1,843
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,843
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,827
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,827
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Louisiana

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 3,843
Single modes S S S S S S 3,963
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 3,963
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,482
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 2,482
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Maine

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 4,991
Single modes S S S S S S 4,962
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 4,962
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 5,004
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 5,004
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Maryland

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes
Single modes
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Massachusetts

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 2,976
Single modes S S S S S S 4,539
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 4,539
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,284
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 2,284
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Michigan

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 2,397
Single modes S S S S S S 3,072
Truck S S S S S S 1,608
For-hire truck
Private truck S S S S S S 1,608
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 4,073
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,646
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,646
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Minnesota

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 2,537
Single modes S S S S S S 4,096
Truck S S S S S S 854
For-hire truck S S S S S S 854
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 4,350
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,085
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,085
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Mississippi

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 2,087
Single modes
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,087
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 2,087
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Missouri

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 1,841
Single modes S S S S S S 3,005
Truck S S S S S S 1,343
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,343
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 3,554
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,563
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,563
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,608

Montana

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 531
Single modes S S S S S S 623
Truck S S S S S S 623
For-hire truck S S S S S S 623
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 667
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 667
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 371

Nebraska

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes
Single modes
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Nevada

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 2,356
Single modes S S S S S S 1,713
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,713
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,362
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 2,362
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

New Hampshire

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes
Single modes
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

New Jersey

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 4,353
Single modes S S S S S S 4,353
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 4,353
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

New Mexico

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 1,880
Single modes
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,880
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,880
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

New York

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 3 100.0 S S S S 3,076
Single modes S S S S S S 3,181
Truck S S S S S S 2,239
For-hire truck S S S S S S 2,239
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 3,848
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 3,032
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 3,032
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

North Carolina

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 2,361
Single modes
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,361
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 2,361
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

North Dakota

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes
Single modes
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Ohio

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 2,866
Single modes S S S S S S 2,931
Truck S S S S S S 1,828
For-hire truck
Private truck S S S S S S 1,828
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 4,196
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,457
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,457
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Oklahoma

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 3,947
Single modes S S S S S S 4,178
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 4,178
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,811
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,811
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Oregon

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 1,530
Single modes S S S S S S 1,918
Truck S S S S S S 927
For-hire truck S S S S S S 949
Private truck S S S S S S 735
Rail
Water S S S S S S 1,934
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 1,934
Air (including truck and air) 3 3.3 1 S S 2,293
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 6 5.7 S S S S 895
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S 898
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 646
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Pennsylvania

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 3,521
Single modes S S S S S S 4,092
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 4,092
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,735
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,735
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Rhode Island

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 2,401
Single modes
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,401
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 2,401
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

South Carolina

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 2,350
Single modes S S S S S S 2,350
Truck S S S S S S 2,350
For-hire truck
Private truck S S S S S S 2,350
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

South Dakota

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 4,677
Single modes S S S S S S 4,677
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 4,677
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Tennessee

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 2,507
Single modes
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,507
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 2,507
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Texas

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 3,416
Single modes S S S S S S 4,161
Truck S S S S S S 1,941
For-hire truck
Private truck S S S S S S 1,941
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 4,345
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 1 13.3 S S S S 2,451
Parcel, USPS or courier 1 13.3 S S S S 2,451
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Utah

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 1,533
Single modes S S S S S S 1,533
Truck S S S S S S 1,484
For-hire truck
Private truck S S S S S S 1,484
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 4,358
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Vermont

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 2,328
Single modes S S S S S S 2,328
Truck S S S S S S 2,328
For-hire truck S S S S S S 2,328
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Virginia

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 3,025
Single modes S S S S S S 3,045
Truck S S S S S S 2,303
For-hire truck S S S S S S 2,303
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 3,777
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,965
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 2,965
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Washington

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 675 100.0 447 100.0 416 100.0 879
Single modes 349 51.6 S S S S 976
Truck S S 30 6.8 S S 530
For-hire truck S S S S S S 534
Private truck 12 1.8 4 0.9 2 0.4 530
Rail
Water 220 32.6 S S S S 1,216
Shallow draft 79 11.7 S S S S 270
Great Lakes
Deep draft 141 20.9 S S S S 1,480
Air (including truck and air) 66 9.8 12 2.6 16 3.9 1,570
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 323 47.8 149 33.4 128 30.8 763
Parcel, USPS or courier 2 0.3 S S S S 616
Truck and rail
Truck and water 321 47.5 149 33.4 128 30.8 919
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 529

West Virginia

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes
Single modes
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Wisconsin

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 2,209
Single modes S S S S S S 4,295
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 4,295
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,302
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,302
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Wyoming

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 1,685
Single modes S S S S S S 2,197
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,197
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,002
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,002
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Estimates represent activity for a given mode across single and multiple mode shipments. For example, "Truck" ton-miles includes total ton-miles for shipments moving only by truck plus ton-miles for truck segments of multiple mode shipments.
2 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
3 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs. Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.