Table 15 - Shipment Characteristics by Origin State and Mode of Transportation for State of Destination: 2002

Table 15 - Shipment Characteristics by Origin State and Mode of Transportation for State of Destination: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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Total

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 13,620 100.0 36,168 100.0 7,344 100.0 1,173
Single modes 9,431 69.2 35,126 97.1 5,656 77.0 681
Truck 6,057 44.5 14,742 40.8 1,531 20.8 219
For-hire truck 3,476 25.5 7,498 20.7 1,314 17.9 563
Private truck 2,544 18.7 7,237 20.0 214 2.9 108
Rail 1,181 8.7 S S 3,739 50.9 401
Water 309 2.3 364 1.0 200 2.7 1,050
Shallow draft 30 0.2 S S S S 218
Great Lakes
Deep draft 280 2.1 S S 195 2.7 1,246
Air (including truck and air) 1,430 10.5 46 0.1 89 1.2 2,806
Pipeline3 454 3.3 1,946 5.4 S S S
Multiple modes 3,637 26.7 765 2.1 1,539 21.0 1,776
Parcel, USPS or courier 2,507 18.4 49 0.1 75 1.0 1,735
Truck and Rail S S S S S S S
Truck and water 814 6.0 641 1.8 1,303 17.7 2,535
Rail and water 173 1.3 S S S S 3,834
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 608
Other and unknown modes 552 4.1 278 0.8 S S 161

Alabama

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 2,271
Single modes S S S S S S 2,222
Truck S S S S S S 2,104
For-hire truck S S S S S S 2,104
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 3,802
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,272
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 2,272
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Alaska

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 7,154 100.0 35,066 100.0 5,326 100.0 117
Single modes 6,545 91.5 34,537 98.5 4,789 89.9 96
Truck 4,545 63.5 14,226 40.6 830 15.6 60
For-hire truck 2,148 30.0 7,110 20.3 700 13.1 162
Private truck 2,362 33.0 7,110 20.3 126 2.4 29
Rail 1,181 16.5 S S 3,739 70.2 401
Water 172 2.4 S S S S 303
Shallow draft 20 0.3 S S S S S
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 531
Air (including truck and air) 193 2.7 27 17 0.3 586
Pipeline3 454 6.3 1,946 5.5 S S S
Multiple modes 265 3.7 S S S S 533
Parcel, USPS or courier 158 2.2 9 6 0.1 469
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 413
Truck and water 104 1.4 S S S S 1,442
Rail and water S S S S S S 1,363
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 22
Other and unknown modes 344 4.8 S S 30 0.6 S

Arizona

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 9 100.0 100.0 100.0 2,615
Single modes 7 78.7 80.9 86.9 3,683
Truck S S S S S S 1,789
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,789
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 4,249
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,657
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,657
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Arkansas

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 2,117
Single modes S S S S S S 2,329
Truck S S S S S S 1,624
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,614
Private truck S S S S S S 1,786
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 3,910
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,887
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,887
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

California

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S 102 100.0 195 100.0 1,640
Single modes 167 14.3 55 53.3 79 40.5 2,238
Truck 112 9.6 53 51.9 75 38.4 1,465
For-hire truck 82 7.0 48 46.5 69 35.4 1,502
Private truck S S S S S S 1,430
Rail
Water S S S S S S 2,367
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 2,367
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 3,233
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 46 45.2 114 58.4 1,598
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 8 7.7 13 6.7 1,596
Truck and Rail
Truck and water 99 8.5 38 37.4 101 51.7 2,688
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,300

Colorado

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 1,993
Single modes S S S S S S 1,782
Truck S S S S S S 1,311
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,311
Private truck S S S S S S 989
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 3,909
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,020
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 2,018
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 3,691
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Connecticut

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S 100.0 1 100.0 2,728
Single modes S S S S S S 4,362
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 4,362
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,580
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 2,580
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Delaware

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S 100.0 100.0 3,834
Single modes S S S S S S 3,906
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 3,906
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 66.2 62.7 3,789
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 66.2 62.7 3,789
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

District of Columbia

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 2,118
Single modes
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,118
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 2,118
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Florida

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 62 100.0 S S S S 2,863
Single modes 40 63.8 S S S S 4,026
Truck S S S S S S 2,359
For-hire truck S S S S S S 2,359
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 4,304
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 22 36.2 S S S S 2,668
Parcel, USPS or courier 22 36.2 S S S S 2,668
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Georgia

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 38 100.0 S S S S 2,280
Single modes S S S S S S 3,799
Truck S S S S S S 2,121
For-hire truck S S S S S S 2,121
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 3,874
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 16.7 S S 2,118
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 16.6 S S 2,108
Truck and Rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 5,689
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Hawaii

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 3,231
Single modes S S S S S S 4,531
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 4,531
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,948
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 2,989
Truck and Rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 2,666
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Idaho

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S 7 100.0 3,028
Single modes S S S S S S 3,825
Truck S S S S S S 975
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,001
Private truck S S S S S S 755
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 4,001
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,116
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 2,099
Truck and Rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 3,473
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 639

Illinois

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 119 100.0 S S 18 100.0 1,542
Single modes S S S S S S 1,734
Truck S S S S S S 1,158
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,158
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 3,952
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 45 37.7 3 31.2 7 39.9 1,512
Parcel, USPS or courier 39 32.8 1 9.0 2 9.5 1,502
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 3,626
Truck and water S S S S S S 3,842
Rail and water S S S S S S 4,054
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Indiana

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 30 100.0 1 100.0 1 100.0 2,089
Single modes S S S S S S 1,878
Truck S S S S S S 1,560
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,560
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 3,578
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S 26.7 2,108
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S 26.7 2,108
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Iowa

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 1,369
Single modes S S S S S S 3,278
Truck S S S S S S 1,253
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,253
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 3,872
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,220
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,212
Truck and Rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 2,275
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Kansas

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 16 100.0 S S S S 2,845
Single modes S S S S S S 4,022
Truck S S S S S S 1,456
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,456
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 4,267
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,765
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 2,765
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Kentucky

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 1,611
Single modes S S S S S S 3,567
Truck S S S S S S 1,897
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,897
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 4,204
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,594
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,594
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Louisiana

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 2,169
Single modes S S S S S S 2,292
Truck S S S S S S 2,192
For-hire truck S S S S S S 2,192
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 4,138
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,138
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 2,136
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water S S S S S S 4,951
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,350

Maine

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 14 100.0 1 100.0 2 100.0 2,508
Single modes 11 78.1 S S S S 4,422
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 11 78.1 S S S S 4,422
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 24.0 14.6 2,417
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 24.0 14.6 2,417
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Maryland

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 3 100.0 S S 100.0 2,669
Single modes S S S S S S 3,213
Truck S S S S S S 1,815
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,815
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 3,929
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 2 75.5 31.8 32.5 2,384
Parcel, USPS or courier 2 75.5 31.8 32.5 2,384
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Massachusetts

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 2,766
Single modes S S S S S S 3,942
Truck S S S S S S 2,376
For-hire truck S S S S S S 2,376
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 4,048
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,386
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 2,386
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Michigan

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 2,490
Single modes 11 7.2 S S S S 2,742
Truck S S S S S S 1,606
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,650
Private truck S S S S S S 1,606
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 3,837
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,664
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,654
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 3,007
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Minnesota

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 81 100.0 3 100.0 7 100.0 1,411
Single modes 25 31.1 2 68.7 S S 1,454
Truck S S S S S S 1,035
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,035
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 3,568
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 56 68.9 1 31.3 2 23.0 1,406
Parcel, USPS or courier 55 67.8 1 30.0 1 20.3 1,048
Truck and Rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 4,209
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Mississippi

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 3,298
Single modes S S S S S S 3,405
Truck S S S S S S 1,891
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,891
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 3,986
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,973
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,973
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Missouri

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 260 100.0 20 100.0 101 100.0 1,965
Single modes S S S S S S 2,637
Truck S S S S S S 1,632
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,632
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 4,056
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 242 93.1 19 95.5 99 98.2 1,864
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,559
Truck and Rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 8,750
Rail and water S S S S S S 3,894
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,611

Montana

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S 100.0 S S 1,526
Single modes S S S S S S 3,285
Truck S S S S S S 709
For-hire truck
Private truck S S S S S S 709
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 3,505
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 1 47.7 S S S S 1,053
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,018
Truck and Rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 3,534
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 654

Nebraska

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 1,289
Single modes
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,289
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,289
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Nevada

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 3,030
Single modes S S S S S S 3,365
Truck S S S S S S 962
For-hire truck S S S S S S 962
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 3,519
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 2.9 1.6 1,496
Parcel, USPS or courier 27 10.5 S S S S 1,340
Truck and Rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 2,570
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

New Hampshire

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 21 100.0 100.0 S S 2,575
Single modes S S S S S S 4,092
Truck S S S S S S 2,358
For-hire truck S S S S S S 2,358
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 4,117
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 19 90.3 S S S S 2,552
Parcel, USPS or courier 19 90.3 S S S S 2,552
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

New Jersey

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 65 100.0 S S S S 2,476
Single modes S S S S S S 4,399
Truck 7 10.9 S S S S 2,262
For-hire truck 7 10.9 S S S S 2,262
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 4,557
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,387
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 2,387
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

New Mexico

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 3,410
Single modes S S S S S S 3,848
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 3,848
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,851
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,851
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

New York

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S 4 100.0 10 100.0 2,148
Single modes S S S S S S 2,732
Truck S S S S S S 2,230
For-hire truck S S S S S S 2,230
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 4,140
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,120
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 2,120
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

North Carolina

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 249 100.0 S S S S 2,500
Single modes 226 90.8 3 33.1 S S 3,318
Truck 14 5.7 3 31.8 6 10.6 2,115
For-hire truck 14 5.7 3 31.8 6 10.6 2,115
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 212 85.2 1.3 0.8 3,878
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,320
Parcel, USPS or courier 4 1.7 1.0 0.3 2,113
Truck and Rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 8,477
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

North Dakota

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 516
Single modes S S S S S S 762
Truck S S S S S S 762
For-hire truck S S S S S S 652
Private truck S S S S S S 776
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 426
Truck and Rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 4,021
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Ohio

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 187 100.0 21 100.0 37 100.0 2,396
Single modes 163 87.3 20 97.7 36 97.4 2,811
Truck 147 78.4 19 93.7 33 88.8 1,669
For-hire truck 136 72.9 17 81.2 29 77.4 1,669
Private truck S S S S S S 1,662
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 3,424
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 2.3 S S 1,995
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 2.3 S S 1,995
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Oklahoma

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 2,099
Single modes S S S S S S 2,883
Truck S S S S S S 1,729
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,793
Private truck S S S S S S 1,472
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 4,270
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,953
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,953
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Oregon

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 550 100.0 151 100.0 253 100.0 1,306
Single modes 286 52.0 67 44.6 53 20.8 2,164
Truck 267 48.5 65 42.9 47 18.7 667
For-hire truck 197 35.9 S S S S 687
Private truck S S 38 25.3 27 10.8 635
Rail
Water S S S S S S 1,997
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 1,997
Air (including truck and air) 17 3.1 0.3 1 0.4 2,737
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 264 48.0 83 55.4 201 79.2 900
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S 2 0.8 856
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 676
Truck and water 159 29.0 70 46.7 183 72.1 2,159
Rail and water S S S S S S 2,418
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 2,008
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 671

Pennsylvania

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 2,331
Single modes S S S S S S 2,966
Truck S S S S S S 2,046
For-hire truck S S S S S S 2,046
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 3,989
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,290
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 2,290
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Rhode Island

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 2,152
Single modes S S S S S S 2,423
Truck S S S S S S 2,384
For-hire truck S S S S S S 2,384
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 4,228
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,082
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 2,082
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,372

South Carolina

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 2,546
Single modes S S S S S S 2,280
Truck S S S S S S 2,158
For-hire truck S S S S S S 2,158
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 4,024
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,606
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 2,606
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

South Dakota

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S 1,052
Truck S S S S S S 1,052
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,052
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,647
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,647
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,096

Tennessee

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 2,505
Single modes S S S S S S 2,811
Truck S S S S S S 2,020
For-hire truck S S S S S S 2,020
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 3,765
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 21.0 1 26.2 2,374
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 21.0 1 26.2 2,374
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,720

Texas

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 271 100.0 17 100.0 57 100.0 3,308
Single modes S S S S S S 3,236
Truck S S S S S S 2,230
For-hire truck S S S S S S 2,261
Private truck S S S S S S 2,195
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 4,490
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 69 25.6 5 28.4 24 42.5 3,335
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 1 6.2 2 4.0 2,194
Truck and Rail
Truck and water S S S S 22 38.5 6,625
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,400

Utah

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 1,268
Single modes S S S S S S 2,659
Truck S S S S S S 887
For-hire truck S S S S S S 887
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 4,446
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,218
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,219
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 1,147
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Vermont

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 5 100.0 100.0 100.0 2,337
Single modes S S S S S S 3,461
Truck S S S S S S 2,343
For-hire truck S S S S S S 2,343
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 4,054
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 3 70.3 S S S S 2,309
Parcel, USPS or courier 3 70.3 S S S S 2,309
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Virginia

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 37 100.0 1 100.0 2 100.0 2,802
Single modes 4 9.5 59.8 1 63.3 4,095
Truck S S S S S S 2,174
For-hire truck S S S S S S 2,174
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 4,131
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 40.2 1 36.7 2,228
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 40.2 1 36.7 2,228
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Washington

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 918 100.0 511 100.0 730 100.0 1,225
Single modes 290 31.6 203 39.8 171 23.4 1,100
Truck 139 15.1 151 29.7 80 10.9 501
For-hire truck 84 9.2 78 15.2 40 5.5 449
Private truck 55 6.0 74 14.5 39 5.4 535
Rail
Water 135 14.7 51 10.0 S S 1,243
Shallow draft S S S S S S 393
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 1,355
Air (including truck and air) 16 1.8 1 0.2 S S 1,923
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 507 55.3 238 46.7 448 61.4 1,327
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 975
Truck and Rail
Truck and water 335 36.5 234 45.8 445 61.0 1,714
Rail and water
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 1,866
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 909

West Virginia

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 2,418
Single modes
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,418
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 2,418
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Wisconsin

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 16 100.0 S S S S 3,854
Single modes S S S S S S 3,128
Truck S S S S S S 1,417
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,417
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 4,289
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 14 84.6 S S S S 3,878
Parcel, USPS or courier 14 84.6 S S S S 3,878
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Wyoming

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 1,472
Single modes S S S S S S 4,223
Truck S S S S S S 748
For-hire truck S S S S S S 748
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 4,366
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,095
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,095
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Estimates represent activity for a given mode across single and multiple mode shipments. For example, "Truck" ton-miles includes total ton-miles for shipments moving only by truck plus ton-miles for truck segments of multiple mode shipments.
2 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
3 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs. Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.