Table 20 - Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002 and 1997

Table 20 - Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002 and 1997

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All Commodities2

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 8,032 6,419 25.1 36,498 18,489 97.4 7,690 6,869 11.9 166 191 −13.3
Single modes 7,065 5,481 28.9 35,811 15,347 133.3 7,015 6,524 7.5 141 107 32.2
Truck 4,620 3,375 36.9 14,266 9,178 55.4 859 403 113.1 69 55 25.5
Rail 1,181 354 233.5 S 2,065 S 3,739 880 324.8 401 426 −5.8
Water 516 1,164 −55.7 1,529 3,325 −54 S S S 376 813 −53.8
Air (including truck and air) 294 439 −33 42 S S 46 30 53.9 1,063 887 19.9
Pipeline 454 149 204.6 1,946 745 161.3 S S S S S S
Multiple modes 610 448 36.3 S 170 S S 82 S 656 683 −3.9
Parcel, USPS or courier 177 233 −23.7 10 11 −7.4 8 9 −10.8 607 692 −12.3
Truck and Rail S S S S S S S S S 413 83 397.4
Other multiple modes 430 196 119 S 63 S S 65 S 1,268 545 132.5
Other and unknown modes 357 491 −27.2 S 2,972 S 33 S S S 101 S

SCTG 01-05, Agriculture products and fish

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 1,046 1,250 −16.3 553 474 16.6 365 262 39 604 310 94.8
Single modes 695 1,012 −31.3 424 415 2.3 277 206 34.3 S 276 S
Truck 366 S S S S S S 31 S 41 127 −67.5
Rail
Water 234 443 −47.2 S 141 S S S S 1,095 1,295 −15.4
Air (including truck and air) 96 32 198.2 17 5 202.8 25 10 160.3 2,571 1,347 90.9
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes 300 165 81.6 115 S S 86 49 74.8 1,896 882 114.9
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S S S S 2,322 1,299 78.8
Truck and Rail
Other multiple modes 295 165 79.3 114 S S 84 49 71.2 975 662 47.3
Other and unknown modes S 72 S S 13 S S 7 S 80 359 −77.7

SCTG 06-09, Grains, alcohol, and tobacco products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 304 227 33.6 268 151 77.9 36 8 337.1 212 125 70.1
Single modes 256 212 21 237 146 62.5 17 7 143.2 135 80 68.4
Truck 241 210 14.4 229 145 57.6 S 7 S 69 78 −11.3
Rail S S S S S S 401
Water S S S S S S 791
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S S S S 702 597 17.7
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes 35 S S 19 S S 14 S S 972 669 45.4
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S S S S 1,311 615 113.3
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 412
Other multiple modes 28 S S 17 S S 13 S S 1,151 689 67.1
Other and unknown modes 12 10 29.2 S 4 S S S S S S

SCTG 10-14, Stones, non-metallic minerals, and metallic ores

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes S S S S S S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S S S S S 65 S
Truck S S S 4,774 S S S S S 10 63 −84.1
Rail S S S S S S 105
Water S S S S S S 37
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 555
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and Rail
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG 15-19, Coal and petroleum products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 3,470 2,671 29.9 16,540 11,304 46.3 4,127 S S S 47 S
Single modes 3,384 2,651 27.6 16,132 11,207 43.9 3,647 S S 63 47 34.1
Truck 1,696 1,692 0.2 7,325 6,165 18.8 465 226 105.5 35 31 13.2
Rail 1,141 351 224.8 6,415 2,059 211.5 2,511 880 185.3 408 427 −4.5
Water S S S S S S S S S S 1,673 S
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S S S S 768 725 6
Pipeline 454 149 204.5 1,946 745 161.2 S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S 1,548 83 S
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 3
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 83
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 1,684
Other and unknown modes S 1 S S 1 S S S 2 17 −91.3

SCTG 20-24, Pharmaceutical and chemical products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 463 463 S S S S S S 202 233 −13
Single modes S 222 S S S S S S S 145 89 62.5
Truck S 163 S S S S S S S S 67 S
Rail S S S S S S 2
Water S S S S S S S S S 1,905 S S
Air (including truck and air) S 5 S S 1 S S S 770 704 9.3
Pipeline S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 31 22 38 S 3 S S S S 517 699 −26
Parcel, USPS or courier 26 S S S S S S S S 435 716 −39.2
Truck and Rail
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S 1,681 261 543
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S 209 S

SCTG 25-30, Logs, wood products, and textile and leather

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 131 201 −35 S 249 S S 26 S 106 239 −55.5
Single modes 110 161 −31.8 S 130 S S 20 S 59 54 10.5
Truck 91 126 −28.3 38 34 10.7 S 1 S 45 29 54.4
Rail
Water S S S S S S S S S 198 191 3.9
Air (including truck and air) 5 14 −67 S S S S S 778 1,064 −26.8
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes 7 21 −66.8 S S S S S S 612 1,021 −40.1
Parcel, USPS or courier 7 21 −66.4 S S S S S S 610 1,022 −40.3
Truck and Rail
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S 1,064 587 81.2
Other and unknown modes 14 S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG 31-34, Base metal and machinery

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 608 490 24.1 1,284 S S 52 31 68.3 172 201 −14.6
Single modes 524 381 37.5 1,268 S S 44 26 70.4 172 148 16.1
Truck 455 295 54.4 1,224 S S 36 21 71.8 104 63 64.5
Rail
Water S S S S S S S S S S 486 S
Air (including truck and air) 48 78 −38 S 7 S S 5 S 825 764 8
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes 23 S S 3 S S S 2 S 472 623 −24.1
Parcel, USPS or courier 19 S S 1 S S S S 446 645 −30.9
Truck and Rail
Other multiple modes 3 S S S S S S S S 1,464 S S
Other and unknown modes 62 50 24.6 13 18 −30.4 S S S S 156 S

SCTG 35-38, Electronic, motorized vehicles, and precision instruments

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 686 425 61.3 75 36 109.9 15 6 146.3 122 146 −16.7
Single modes 494 312 58.4 62 31 101.9 14 5 182.1 101 113 −10.9
Truck 418 270 55 51 29 73.7 7 4 80.1 58 46 26.6
Rail
Water 6 S S S S S S S S 446 243 83.2
Air (including truck and air) 70 39 78.7 10 1 740 S 1 S 548 1,081 −49.3
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes 102 89 14.6 4 3 39.3 1 1 15.4 553 S S
Parcel, USPS or courier 96 77 25.1 4 2 96.1 1 1 −14.3 549 S S
Truck and Rail
Other multiple modes 6 S S S S S S S 660 258 155.9
Other and unknown modes 90 25 267.5 9 S S S S S S S

SCTG 39-43, Furniture, mixed freight and misc. manufactured products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes S 391 S S 26 S 100 S S 263 580 −54.7
Single modes S 319 S S 16 S S 1 S 187 204 −8.1
Truck S 66 S S 10 S S 1 S 140 80 73.9
Rail S S S S S S S S S 413 1 S
Water S S S S S S 635
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S S 2,145 998 114.9
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes 51 65 −22.4 S S S S S S 753 1,104 −31.8
Parcel, USPS or courier 19 60 −67.8 S 2 S S 1 S 705 1,102 −36.1
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 421
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S 1,343 1,298 3.5
Other and unknown modes 59 7 690.4 17 S S 16 S S S S S

Commodity Unknown

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 26 4 524.7 80 1 S S S S S S S
Single modes 21 4 479.2 74 1 S S S S 42 S S
Truck 21 4 483.6 74 1 S S S S 39 S S
Rail
Water
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S S S S 835 431 93.8
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S 1,532 422 263.3
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S S S S 323 422 −23.4
Truck and Rail
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 1,860
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S 870 S

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 Estimates exclude shipments of crude petroleum (SCTG 16).

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs. Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.