Table B-15 - Estimated Measures of Reliability for Shipment Characteristics by Origin State and Mode of Transportation for State of Destination: 2002

Table B-15 - Estimated Measures of Reliability for Shipment Characteristics by Origin State and Mode of Transportation for State of Destination: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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Total

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 9.0 34.5 16.7 10.4
Single modes 10.8 4.1 35.8 3.2 24.8 9.4 17.5
Truck 14.8 4.5 26.7 10.1 21.1 6.9 15.0
For-hire truck 17.6 3.6 20.8 6.7 24.5 6.7 10.3
Private truck 17.2 2.2 37.0 5.0 18.7 0.8 19.8
Rail 40.0 3.4 S S 36.6 12.7 22.8
Water 27.7 0.6 43.5 0.4 46.3 0.7 18.0
Shallow draft 41.2 0.2 S S S S 25.8
Great Lakes
Deep draft 31.7 0.6 S S 47.9 0.7 16.2
Air (including truck and air) 24.1 2.5 18.5 29.3 0.5 7.7
Pipeline 44.4 1.8 43.0 4.5 S S S
Multiple modes 18.6 3.7 35.1 3.0 32.8 9.0 5.9
Parcel, USPS or courier 24.2 3.5 16.7 15.2 0.2 6.7
Truck and rail S S S S S S S
Truck and water 20.1 1.3 42.3 2.9 40.1 9.2 11.4
Rail and water 49.9 0.6 S S S S 25.8
Other Multiple modes S S S S S S 39.4
Other and unknown modes 23.9 0.8 41.5 0.5 S S 40.2

Alabama

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 21.3
Single modes S S S S S S 30.7
Truck S S S S S S 31.6
For-hire truck S S S S S S 31.6
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 23.6
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 23.6
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Alaska

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 14.1 35.8 25.8 23.1
Single modes 15.6 2.2 36.5 2.8 29.8 9.7 19.1
Truck 19.1 4.9 27.9 10.8 32.6 11.7 16.7
For-hire truck 25.6 3.4 21.8 7.2 36.7 10.0 17.1
Private truck 17.2 3.0 37.9 5.1 30.3 3.1 19.8
Rail 40.0 6.4 S S 36.6 16.0 22.8
Water 43.6 0.8 S S S S 38.0
Shallow draft 46.7 0.2 S S S S S
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 21.5
Air (including truck and air) 32.1 0.6 19.2 19.9 0.5 4.7
Pipeline 44.4 3.6 43.0 5.2 S S S
Multiple modes 23.1 1.6 S S S S 11.6
Parcel, USPS or courier 18.7 0.6 20.4 42.3 15.0
Truck and rail S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and water 48.6 1.2 S S S S 5.2
Rail and water S S S S S S 31.6
Other Multiple modes S S S S S S 30.3
Other and unknown modes 22.8 1.5 S S 31.0 0.2 S

Arizona

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 41.9 38.8 35.4 20.1
Single modes 49.0 9.3 48.7 11.5 40.0 10.4 22.9
Truck S S S S S S 29.8
For-hire truck S S S S S S 29.8
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 25.9
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 25.8
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 25.8
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Arkansas

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 25.2
Single modes S S S S S S 27.5
Truck S S S S S S 27.9
For-hire truck S S S S S S 29.8
Private truck S S S S S S 31.6
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 29.8
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 29.8
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 29.8
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

California

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S 17.7 20.7 6.6
Single modes 26.4 10.2 18.7 8.7 21.2 10.6 10.9
Truck 25.2 8.7 19.5 8.8 22.8 10.4 2.6
For-hire truck 17.2 7.6 23.5 9.6 26.2 10.6 2.4
Private truck S S S S S S 24.1
Rail
Water S S S S S S 31.6
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 31.6
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 12.2
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S 28.7 8.1 30.5 10.3 7.0
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 32.2 2.7 35.9 3.0 7.1
Truck and rail
Truck and water 33.8 4.4 35.0 9.5 34.7 12.1 18.4
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 29.0

Colorado

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 19.6
Single modes S S S S S S 34.8
Truck S S S S S S 26.0
For-hire truck S S S S S S 27.9
Private truck S S S S S S 31.6
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 26.0
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 22.0
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 22.0
Truck and rail S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Connecticut

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S 48.6 49.4 16.6
Single modes S S S S S S 25.8
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 25.8
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 20.0
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 20.0
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Delaware

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S 23.0 25.4 13.2
Single modes S S S S S S 27.9
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 27.9
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S 38.3 14.9 42.2 15.0 22.5
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 38.3 14.9 42.2 15.0 22.5
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

District of Columbia

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 31.6
Single modes
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 31.6
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Florida

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 29.3 S S S S 5.9
Single modes 44.8 14.0 S S S S 19.6
Truck S S S S S S 23.7
For-hire truck S S S S S S 23.7
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 21.2
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 30.5 14.0 S S S S 1.5
Parcel, USPS or courier 30.5 14.0 S S S S 1.5
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Georgia

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 41.6 S S S S 12.2
Single modes S S S S S S 26.8
Truck S S S S S S 27.9
For-hire truck S S S S S S 27.9
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 29.8
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S 36.6 19.9 S S 18.5
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 37.1 19.9 S S 18.4
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 31.6
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Hawaii

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 24.0
Single modes S S S S S S 31.6
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 25.9
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 25.9
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 29.9
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Idaho

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S 50.0 15.3
Single modes S S S S S S 22.6
Truck S S S S S S 26.0
For-hire truck S S S S S S 27.9
Private truck S S S S S S 31.6
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 23.7
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 25.7
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 26.5
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 31.6
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

Illinois

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 46.7 S S 41.6 10.5
Single modes S S S S S S 29.4
Truck S S S S S S 26.1
For-hire truck S S S S S S 26.1
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 27.9
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 20.1 15.5 45.7 15.6 43.0 13.9 13.7
Parcel, USPS or courier 21.4 15.4 30.4 18.4 35.2 17.5 13.2
Truck and rail S S S S S S 30.5
Truck and water S S S S S S 31.6
Rail and water S S S S S S 31.6
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Indiana

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 40.3 43.7 41.8 18.2
Single modes S S S S S S 25.0
Truck S S S S S S 25.8
For-hire truck S S S S S S 25.8
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 27.9
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S 39.2 19.2 18.4
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S 39.2 19.2 18.4
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Iowa

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 17.7
Single modes S S S S S S 28.1
Truck S S S S S S 27.9
For-hire truck S S S S S S 27.9
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 29.8
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 16.3
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 15.9
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 29.8
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Kansas

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 36.6 S S S S 18.9
Single modes S S S S S S 23.2
Truck S S S S S S 27.9
For-hire truck S S S S S S 27.9
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 25.8
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 22.5
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 22.5
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Kentucky

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 32.7
Single modes S S S S S S 30.3
Truck S S S S S S 31.6
For-hire truck S S S S S S 31.6
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 29.8
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 29.8
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Louisiana

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 24.2
Single modes S S S S S S 26.2
Truck S S S S S S 25.8
For-hire truck S S S S S S 25.8
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 28.0
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 28.0
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water S S S S S S 31.6
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

Maine

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 37.8 43.6 49.1 19.4
Single modes 49.2 16.1 S S S S 23.6
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 49.2 16.1 S S S S 23.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S 44.8 15.7 44.5 16.8 21.1
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 44.8 15.7 44.5 16.8 21.1
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Maryland

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 42.0 S S 45.7 22.3
Single modes S S S S S S 30.3
Truck S S S S S S 31.6
For-hire truck S S S S S S 31.6
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 44.4 10.1 46.2 14.8 44.0 14.8 24.6
Parcel, USPS or courier 44.4 10.1 46.2 14.8 44.0 14.8 24.6
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Massachusetts

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 14.6
Single modes S S S S S S 21.6
Truck S S S S S S 29.8
For-hire truck S S S S S S 29.8
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 23.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 21.9
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 21.9
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Michigan

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 11.5
Single modes 47.9 17.7 S S S S 19.3
Truck S S S S S S 23.6
For-hire truck S S S S S S 27.9
Private truck S S S S S S 29.8
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 21.1
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 12.3
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 12.4
Truck and rail S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Minnesota

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 25.5 33.8 41.9 15.3
Single modes 45.1 10.8 49.2 13.8 S S 34.2
Truck S S S S S S 21.4
For-hire truck S S S S S S 21.4
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 24.0
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 39.1 10.8 33.9 13.8 44.2 14.6 16.9
Parcel, USPS or courier 39.5 10.5 33.8 13.3 39.5 13.9 11.8
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 31.6
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Mississippi

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 28.3
Single modes S S S S S S 28.3
Truck S S S S S S 29.8
For-hire truck S S S S S S 29.8
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 29.8
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 31.6
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Missouri

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 38.4 38.8 46.1 39.9
Single modes S S S S S S 27.8
Truck S S S S S S 28.1
For-hire truck S S S S S S 28.1
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 39.5 15.8 40.7 17.8 47.2 18.5 41.1
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 15.3
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 31.6
Rail and water S S S S S S 27.9
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

Montana

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S 45.7 S S 26.7
Single modes S S S S S S 29.2
Truck S S S S S S 31.6
For-hire truck
Private truck S S S S S S 31.6
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 29.9
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 41.1 14.3 S S S S 40.6
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 35.0
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 31.6
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 30.0

Nebraska

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 25.9
Single modes
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 25.9
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 25.9
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Nevada

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 9.8
Single modes S S S S S S 14.6
Truck S S S S S S 23.1
For-hire truck S S S S S S 23.1
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 18.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S 44.1 14.9 40.2 14.3 9.8
Parcel, USPS or courier 39.6 17.3 S S S S 11.3
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 29.8
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

New Hampshire

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 43.3 40.5 S S 12.1
Single modes S S S S S S 26.2
Truck S S S S S S 31.6
For-hire truck S S S S S S 31.6
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 27.9
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 49.6 11.2 S S S S 10.9
Parcel, USPS or courier 49.6 11.2 S S S S 10.9
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

New Jersey

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 40.2 S S S S 18.2
Single modes S S S S S S 20.3
Truck 47.1 15.5 S S S S 23.8
For-hire truck 47.1 15.5 S S S S 23.8
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 25.8
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 21.5
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 21.5
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

New Mexico

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 25.5
Single modes S S S S S S 30.1
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 30.1
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 27.9
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 27.9
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

New York

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S 49.5 45.4 12.7
Single modes S S S S S S 21.0
Truck S S S S S S 27.9
For-hire truck S S S S S S 27.9
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 23.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 12.6
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 12.6
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

North Carolina

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 43.3 S S S S 15.1
Single modes 42.1 13.9 34.5 17.3 S S 12.4
Truck 44.3 13.6 35.6 15.5 35.5 19.5 10.6
For-hire truck 44.3 13.6 35.6 15.5 35.5 19.5 10.6
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 43.7 19.7 35.8 5.4 35.7 8.0 18.3
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 30.7
Parcel, USPS or courier 44.8 15.1 38.7 13.9 38.4 13.2 20.1
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 31.6
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

North Dakota

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 34.1
Single modes S S S S S S 29.9
Truck S S S S S S 29.9
For-hire truck S S S S S S 31.6
Private truck S S S S S S 31.6
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 27.8
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 31.6
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Ohio

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 33.4 29.3 28.1 9.4
Single modes 37.8 18.3 30.1 17.7 28.9 16.7 18.4
Truck 42.8 17.9 31.3 18.3 30.7 17.5 18.4
For-hire truck 47.2 18.0 37.6 18.1 36.8 17.5 21.2
Private truck S S S S S S 31.6
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 23.9
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S 43.7 17.7 S S 21.5
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 43.7 17.7 S S 21.5
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Oklahoma

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 22.8
Single modes S S S S S S 29.1
Truck S S S S S S 29.9
For-hire truck S S S S S S 31.6
Private truck S S S S S S 31.6
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 24.2
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 24.2
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Oregon

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 19.3 28.1 34.4 14.6
Single modes 25.5 7.5 28.9 8.7 29.9 9.2 14.9
Truck 28.6 8.3 29.8 9.1 33.0 9.4 5.2
For-hire truck 35.3 8.0 S S S S 9.5
Private truck S S 38.1 10.5 43.7 9.6 24.6
Rail
Water S S S S S S 29.8
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 29.8
Air (including truck and air) 44.3 2.1 36.6 0.3 42.0 0.4 16.0
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 21.9 7.5 34.3 8.7 38.9 9.2 12.7
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S 48.4 0.7 6.2
Truck and rail S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and water 25.6 7.7 36.0 8.8 40.7 9.0 8.0
Rail and water S S S S S S 31.6
Other Multiple modes S S S S S S 31.6
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

Pennsylvania

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 14.4
Single modes S S S S S S 20.2
Truck S S S S S S 23.6
For-hire truck S S S S S S 23.6
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 25.9
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 17.5
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 17.5
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Rhode Island

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 20.7
Single modes S S S S S S 25.2
Truck S S S S S S 25.8
For-hire truck S S S S S S 25.8
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 29.9
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 27.2
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 27.2
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

South Carolina

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 23.3
Single modes S S S S S S 29.0
Truck S S S S S S 29.8
For-hire truck S S S S S S 29.8
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 27.2
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 27.2
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

South Dakota

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S 28.0
Truck S S S S S S 28.0
For-hire truck S S S S S S 28.0
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 34.1
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 34.1
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

Tennessee

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 15.1
Single modes S S S S S S 17.9
Truck S S S S S S 27.9
For-hire truck S S S S S S 27.9
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 21.1
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S 28.0 17.1 41.8 14.3 17.0
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 28.0 17.1 41.8 14.3 17.0
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

Texas

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 39.7 47.1 44.4 8.3
Single modes S S S S S S 14.1
Truck S S S S S S 18.6
For-hire truck S S S S S S 23.6
Private truck S S S S S S 29.9
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 15.1
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 41.4 15.7 48.3 14.7 45.6 12.6 9.8
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 47.9 17.0 47.1 16.4 10.8
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S 49.3 12.0 26.5
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

Utah

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 18.2
Single modes S S S S S S 25.5
Truck S S S S S S 24.6
For-hire truck S S S S S S 24.6
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 29.8
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 4.5
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 4.5
Truck and rail S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Vermont

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 29.4 48.4 40.0 15.4
Single modes S S S S S S 24.2
Truck S S S S S S 31.6
For-hire truck S S S S S S 31.6
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 25.8
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 39.6 15.0 S S S S 17.0
Parcel, USPS or courier 39.6 15.0 S S S S 17.0
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Virginia

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 47.9 39.5 37.1 13.6
Single modes 34.6 12.9 48.2 11.6 42.7 11.8 19.9
Truck S S S S S S 27.9
For-hire truck S S S S S S 27.9
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 23.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S 40.6 11.6 40.0 11.8 15.4
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 40.6 11.6 40.0 11.8 15.4
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Washington

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 26.1 29.7 38.2 12.1
Single modes 24.4 9.5 26.5 9.7 31.5 7.9 19.8
Truck 26.4 7.5 30.3 9.7 31.8 6.3 11.1
For-hire truck 35.4 6.4 24.5 6.4 25.2 4.1 16.1
Private truck 39.6 2.0 47.0 5.5 47.2 3.1 12.7
Rail
Water 50.0 7.4 47.7 5.1 S S 15.2
Shallow draft S S S S S S 31.6
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 14.2
Air (including truck and air) 35.1 0.7 48.6 0.1 S S 12.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 35.5 8.4 44.3 7.9 44.3 6.9 11.5
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 22.2
Truck and rail
Truck and water 32.8 8.5 44.6 8.0 44.3 7.0 4.7
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes S S S S S S 31.6
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 28.3

West Virginia

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 25.1
Single modes
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 25.1
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 25.1
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Wisconsin

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 31.1 S S S S 17.6
Single modes S S S S S S 24.5
Truck S S S S S S 25.9
For-hire truck S S S S S S 25.9
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 27.9
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 38.8 14.5 S S S S 21.5
Parcel, USPS or courier 38.8 14.5 S S S S 21.5
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Wyoming

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 27.7
Single modes S S S S S S 31.6
Truck S S S S S S 31.6
For-hire truck S S S S S S 31.6
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 25.0
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 25.0
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.
CV Coefficient of variation of number

NOTE: The Introduction and appendixes give information onf confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.