Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for State of Origin: 2002

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for State of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 111,273 100.0 100,872 100.0 16,122 100.0
Less than 50 miles 32,940 29.6 54,309 53.8 878 5.4
50 to 99 miles 5,092 4.6 18,817 18.7 1,937 12.0
100 to 249 miles 14,005 12.6 9,168 9.1 1,778 11.0
250 to 499 miles 19,607 17.6 12,984 12.9 4,612 28.6
500 to 749 miles 6,277 5.6 2,270 2.3 1,890 11.7
750 to 999 miles 7,142 6.4 1,145 1.1 1,318 8.2
1,000 to 1,499 miles 8,936 8.0 1,439 1.4 2,081 12.9
1,500 to 1,999 miles 10,283 9.2 513 0.5 1,055 6.5
2,000 miles or more 6,990 6.3 227 0.2 573 3.6

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 92,792 100.0 98,524 100.0 15,679 100.0
Less than 50 miles 30,964 33.4 52,472 53.3 860 5.5
50 to 99 miles 4,671 5.0 18,765 19.0 1,924 12.3
100 to 249 miles 12,634 13.6 8,967 9.1 1,737 11.1
250 to 499 miles 16,216 17.5 12,935 13.1 4,592 29.3
500 to 749 miles 4,831 5.2 2,217 2.3 1,848 11.8
750 to 999 miles 5,258 5.7 1,128 1.1 1,299 8.3
1,000 to 1,499 miles 6,591 7.1 1,374 1.4 1,971 12.6
1,500 to 1,999 miles 6,503 7.0 483 0.5 990 6.3
2,000 miles or more 5,124 5.5 184 0.2 458 2.9

Truck2

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 73,237 100.0 79,060 100.0 11,189 100.0
Less than 50 miles 30,852 42.1 51,694 65.4 854 7.6
50 to 99 miles 4,305 5.9 7,930 10.0 777 6.9
100 to 249 miles 12,192 16.6 8,408 10.6 1,583 14.1
250 to 499 miles 11,445 15.6 6,771 8.6 2,760 24.7
500 to 749 miles 2,828 3.9 1,427 1.8 1,125 10.1
750 to 999 miles 2,618 3.6 1,060 1.3 1,195 10.7
1,000 to 1,499 miles 4,654 6.4 1,165 1.5 1,585 14.2
1,500 to 1,999 miles 2,971 4.1 437 0.6 894 8.0
2,000 miles or more 1,372 1.9 168 0.2 417 3.7

For-hire truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 41,312 100.0 39,790 100.0 9,004 100.0
Less than 50 miles 10,108 24.5 20,817 52.3 388 4.3
50 to 99 miles 1,897 4.6 4,396 11.0 426 4.7
100 to 249 miles S S 5,094 12.8 972 10.8
250 to 499 miles 9,421 22.8 5,391 13.5 2,183 24.2
500 to 749 miles 2,585 6.3 1,335 3.4 1,052 11.7
750 to 999 miles 2,466 6.0 1,021 2.6 1,155 12.8
1,000 to 1,499 miles 4,642 11.2 S S 1,569 17.4
1,500 to 1,999 miles 2,954 7.2 414 1.0 845 9.4
2,000 miles or more 1,370 3.3 167 0.4 413 4.6

Private truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 31,862 100.0 39,224 100.0 2,125 100.0
Less than 50 miles 20,744 65.1 30,874 78.7 466 21.9
50 to 99 miles 2,406 7.6 3,532 9.0 350 16.5
100 to 249 miles 6,323 19.8 3,315 8.5 611 28.8
250 to 499 miles 2,024 6.4 1,379 3.5 577 27.1
500 to 749 miles 196 0.6 71 0.2 55 2.6
750 to 999 miles S S 38 0.1 40 1.9
1,000 to 1,499 miles 12 S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 2,208 100.0 13,812 100.0 2,748 100.0
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles 366 16.6 10,835 78.4 1,148 41.8
100 to 249 miles S S 558 4.0 154 5.6
250 to 499 miles 342 15.5 637 4.6 352 12.8
500 to 749 miles 941 42.6 787 5.7 717 26.1
750 to 999 miles 13 0.6 S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

Shallow draft

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

Great Lakes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

Deep draft

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

Air (including truck and air)

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 17,221 100.0 140 100.0 S S
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles 4,305 25.0 16 11.7 9 3.4
500 to 749 miles S S 3 2.3 6 2.1
750 to 999 miles 2,627 15.3 4 2.7 9 3.3
1,000 to 1,499 miles 1,774 10.3 S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles 3,517 20.4 33 23.8 69 25.4
2,000 miles or more 3,734 21.7 4 3.0 11 4.1

Pipeline3

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S
50 to 99 miles S S
100 to 249 miles S S
250 to 499 miles S S S S S S
500 to 749 miles S S
750 to 999 miles S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S
2,000 miles or more S S

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 16,448 100.0 436 100.0 319 100.0
Less than 50 miles 1,056 6.4 37 8.6 1 0.2
50 to 99 miles 391 2.4 S S S S
100 to 249 miles 1,337 8.1 174 39.8 S S
250 to 499 miles 2,901 17.6 36 8.3 15 4.6
500 to 749 miles 1,383 8.4 19 4.3 15 4.7
750 to 999 miles 1,866 11.3 11 2.5 12 3.7
1,000 to 1,499 miles 2,324 14.1 60 13.8 103 32.3
1,500 to 1,999 miles 3,462 21.0 22 5.0 46 14.4
2,000 miles or more 1,729 10.5 30 6.9 78 24.4

Parcel, USPS or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 16,091 100.0 225 100.0 192 100.0
Less than 50 miles 1,055 6.6 37 16.6 1 0.3
50 to 99 miles 328 2.0 14 6.2 1 0.7
100 to 249 miles 1,130 7.0 39 17.3 6 3.2
250 to 499 miles 2,901 18.0 36 16.0 15 7.7
500 to 749 miles 1,383 8.6 19 8.4 15 7.8
750 to 999 miles 1,866 11.6 11 4.8 12 6.2
1,000 to 1,499 miles 2,265 14.1 23 10.4 37 19.3
1,500 to 1,999 miles 3,462 21.5 22 9.7 46 23.9
2,000 miles or more 1,702 10.6 24 10.6 59 30.8

Truck and rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances S S S S 108 100.0
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S 37 18.1 66 61.1
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

Truck and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances S S 6 100.0 19 100.0
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more 26 99.3 6 99.9 19 99.9

Rail and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

Other Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 2,033 100.0 S S 124 100.0
Less than 50 miles 920 45.2 S S S S
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles 34 1.7 S S S S
250 to 499 miles S S 13 0.7 5 4.3
500 to 749 miles S S S S S S
750 to 999 miles 18 0.9 S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S 4 0.2 6 5.2
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private truck, only for-hire truck, or a combination of private truck and for-hire truck.
3 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.
Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.