Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for State of Origin: 2002

Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for State of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 111,273 100.0 100,872 100.0 16,122 100.0 532
Less than 50 lbs 23,413 21.0 259 0.3 136 0.8 784
50 to 99 lbs 3,977 3.6 265 0.3 52 0.3 188
100 to 499 lbs 20,760 18.7 1,245 1.2 272 1.7 231
500 to 749 lbs 2,636 2.4 532 0.5 61 0.4 114
750 to 999 lbs 1,331 1.2 359 0.4 63 0.4 172
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 16,869 15.2 9,268 9.2 1,211 7.5 131
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 34,662 31.2 43,803 43.4 7,219 44.8 160
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 4,124 3.7 18,403 18.2 1,449 9.0 79
100,000 lbs or more 3,500 3.1 26,737 26.5 5,658 35.1 382

Single modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 92,792 100.0 98,524 100.0 15,679 100.0 212
Less than 50 lbs 11,107 12.0 163 0.2 30 0.2 325
50 to 99 lbs 2,118 2.3 220 0.2 19 0.1 78
100 to 499 lbs 18,426 19.9 1,150 1.2 218 1.4 196
500 to 749 lbs 2,403 2.6 511 0.5 57 0.4 112
750 to 999 lbs 1,114 1.2 345 0.4 54 0.3 156
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 16,485 17.8 8,840 9.0 1,180 7.5 131
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 34,045 36.7 42,581 43.2 7,134 45.5 165
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 4,110 4.4 18,349 18.6 1,436 9.2 78
100,000 lbs or more 2,984 3.2 26,366 26.8 5,551 35.4 383

Truck2

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 73,237 100.0 79,060 100.0 11,189 100.0 126
Less than 50 lbs 4,771 6.5 154 0.2 16 0.1 128
50 to 99 lbs 1,575 2.2 212 0.3 12 0.1 49
100 to 499 lbs 8,620 11.8 1,105 1.4 180 1.6 160
500 to 749 lbs 2,081 2.8 491 0.6 56 0.5 113
750 to 999 lbs 1,078 1.5 345 0.4 53 0.5 154
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 16,282 22.2 8,170 10.3 1,154 10.3 139
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 33,926 46.3 42,546 53.8 7,119 63.6 165
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 4,091 5.6 18,281 23.1 1,389 12.4 76
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S 164

For-hire truck

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 41,312 100.0 39,790 100.0 9,004 100.0 535
Less than 50 lbs 2,487 6.0 13 13 0.1 813
50 to 99 lbs 536 1.3 7 7 935
100 to 499 lbs 5,015 12.1 210 0.5 138 1.5 658
500 to 749 lbs 642 1.6 42 0.1 26 0.3 621
750 to 999 lbs 379 0.9 40 0.1 32 0.4 796
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 6,508 15.8 2,363 5.9 752 8.3 403
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 23,825 57.7 S S 5,994 66.6 218
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 1,573 3.8 8,963 22.5 957 10.6 107
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S 387

Private truck

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 31,862 100.0 39,224 100.0 2,125 100.0 38
Less than 50 lbs 2,277 7.1 141 0.4 3 0.1 26
50 to 99 lbs 1,039 3.3 204 0.5 5 0.2 21
100 to 499 lbs 3,603 11.3 895 2.3 41 1.9 46
500 to 749 lbs 1,439 4.5 449 1.1 29 1.4 66
750 to 999 lbs 700 2.2 305 0.8 21 1.0 69
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 9,750 30.6 5,776 14.7 353 16.6 61
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 10,074 31.6 16,406 41.8 1,116 52.5 74
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 2,513 7.9 9,314 23.7 430 20.2 46
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S 35

Rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 2,208 100.0 13,812 100.0 2,748 100.0 S
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S S
50 to 99 lbs S S S S S S S
100 to 499 lbs S S S S S S 12
500 to 749 lbs S S S S S S 5
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 5
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S S S S
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 276
100,000 lbs or more 2,046 92.7 13,026 94.3 2,715 98.8 618

Water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes S S S S S S 1
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S 1
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Shallow draft

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes S S S S S S 1
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S 1
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Great Lakes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Deep draft

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Air (including truck and air)

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 17,221 100.0 140 100.0 S S 1,821
Less than 50 lbs 6,306 36.6 8 5.5 14 5.1 1,801
50 to 99 lbs 514 3.0 S S S S 2,194
100 to 499 lbs 9,790 56.8 21 14.9 39 14.3 1,835
500 to 749 lbs S S 1 0.5 2 0.6 2,285
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S 1,944
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 155 0.9 13 9.4 22 8.3 2,003
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 381
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 2,091
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S 2,134

Pipeline3

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes S S S S S S S
Less than 50 lbs S S S
50 to 99 lbs S S S
100 to 499 lbs S S S
500 to 749 lbs S S S
750 to 999 lbs S S S
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S S

Multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 16,448 100.0 436 100.0 319 100.0 1,128
Less than 50 lbs 11,710 71.2 89 20.4 105 32.7 1,158
50 to 99 lbs 1,799 10.9 41 9.3 33 10.5 810
100 to 499 lbs 2,227 13.5 73 16.8 51 16.0 738
500 to 749 lbs 212 1.3 13 3.0 2 0.7 S
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S S
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 5 3 0.7 7 2.1 1,848
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 2,470
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S 667

Parcel, USPS or courier

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 16,091 100.0 225 100.0 192 100.0 1,128
Less than 50 lbs 11,680 72.6 88 39.3 104 54.1 1,158
50 to 99 lbs 1,799 11.2 41 18.1 33 17.4 810
100 to 499 lbs 2,227 13.8 73 32.5 51 26.4 735
500 to 749 lbs 212 1.3 13 5.6 2 0.9 S
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S S
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 496
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Truck and rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes S S S S 108 100.0 S
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S 136
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,897
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,898
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S 667

Truck and water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes S S 6 100.0 19 100.0 3,145
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S 3,214
50 to 99 lbs S S S S S S 1,795
100 to 499 lbs S S S S S S 2,962
500 to 749 lbs S S S S S S 2,958
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 3 12.7 2 31.6 6 31.6 3,045
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 8 31.5 4 60.2 11 60.1 3,021
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Rail and water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Other Multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes S S S S S S 1
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S 1
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Other and unknown modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 2,033 100.0 S S 124 100.0 S
Less than 50 lbs 596 29.3 8 0.4 S S 200
50 to 99 lbs 60 2.9 4 0.2 0.2 S
100 to 499 lbs 107 5.3 22 1.1 S S S
500 to 749 lbs 21 1.0 8 0.4 S S S
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S 1,416
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 378 18.6 S S 25 19.8 S
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S 55 44.6 S
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S S
100,000 lbs or more 228 11.2 177 9.3 S S S

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private truck, only for-hire truck, or a combination of private tuck and for-hire truck.
3 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.
Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.