Table 6. Shipment Characteristics by Two-Digit Commodity and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002

Table 6. Shipment Characteristics by Two-Digit Commodity and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All Commodities2

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 111,273 100.0 100,872 100.0 16,122 100.0 532
Single modes 92,792 83.4 98,524 97.7 15,679 97.3 212
Truck3 73,237 65.8 79,060 78.4 11,189 69.4 126
For-hire Truck 41,312 37.1 39,790 39.4 9,004 55.8 535
Private Truck 31,862 28.6 39,224 38.9 2,125 13.2 38
Rail 2,208 2.0 13,812 13.7 2,748 17.0 S
Water S S S S S S 1
Shallow draft S S S S S S 1
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 17,221 15.5 140 0.1 S S 1,821
Pipeline4 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 16,448 14.8 436 0.4 319 2.0 1,128
Parcel, USPS or courier 16,091 14.5 225 0.2 192 1.2 1,128
Truck and rail S S S S 108 0.7 S
Truck and water S S 6 19 0.1 3,145
Rail and water
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 1
Other and unknown modes 2,033 1.8 S S 124 0.8 S

SCTG 1, Live animals and live fish

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes
Single modes
Truck3
For-hire Truck
Private Truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 2, Cereal grains

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes
Single modes
Truck3
For-hire Truck
Private Truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 3, Other agricultural products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S S
Truck3 S S S S S S S
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 1,208
Private Truck S S S S S S S
Rail S S S S S S 5
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 188
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 188
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 5

SCTG 4, Animal feed and products of animal origin, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 291 100.0 359 100.0 156 100.0 405
Single modes 285 98.1 353 98.3 137 87.8 359
Truck3 285 98.1 353 98.3 137 87.8 359
For-hire Truck 272 93.7 271 75.4 135 86.2 491
Private Truck S S S S S S 26
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 3,091
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 3,091
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 3,095

SCTG 5, Meat, fish,s eafood, and their preparations

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,076 100.0 387 100.0 162 100.0 S
Single modes 1,066 99.1 384 99.3 158 97.4 S
Truck3 1,066 99.1 384 99.3 158 97.4 S
For-hire Truck 626 58.2 205 53.0 S S 684
Private Truck 440 40.9 179 46.2 4 2.6 20
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 21
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 2,959
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 8

SCTG 6, Milled grain products and preparations, and bakery products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,424 100.0 S S S S 376
Single modes 1,236 86.7 S S S S 268
Truck3 1,227 86.2 S S 332 79.0 268
For-hire Truck 997 70.0 S S 311 74.0 576
Private Truck S S S S S S S
Rail S S S S S S 700
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 618
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 618
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 29

SCTG 7, Other prepared food stuffs and fats and oils

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 3,231 100.0 4,920 100.0 626 100.0 S
Single modes 3,189 98.7 4,915 99.9 624 99.6 S
Truck3 3,179 98.4 4,887 99.3 563 90.0 S
For-hire Truck 1,151 35.6 S S 503 80.3 S
Private Truck 2,029 62.8 2,903 59.0 61 9.7 S
Rail S S S S S S 1,972
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 507
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 507
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 8, Alcoholic beverages

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,319 100.0 699 100.0 9 100.0 24
Single modes 1,319 100.0 699 100.0 9 100.0 24
Truck3 1,319 100.0 699 100.0 9 100.0 24
For-hire Truck
Private Truck 1,319 100.0 699 100.0 9 100.0 24
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 9, Tobacco products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 109
Single modes S S S S S S 109
Truck3 S S S S S S 109
For-hire Truck
Private Truck S S S S S S 109
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 10, Monumental or building stone

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S 84 100.0 S S 210
Single modes S S 83 98.8 S S S
Truck3 S S 83 98.8 S S S
For-hire Truck 8 2.9 50 60.2 S S 518
Private Truck S S S S S S S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 838
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 838
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1

SCTG 11, Natural sands

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S S
Truck3 S S S S S S S
For-hire Truck S S S S S S S
Private Truck S S S S S S 21
Rail S S S S S S 5
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,091
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 8

SCTG 12, Gravel and crushed stone

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 107 100.0 S S S S 36
Single modes 107 100.0 S S S S 36
Truck3 105 98.0 S S S S 41
For-hire Truck S S S S 217 44.9 S
Private Truck 51 48.2 S S S S 37
Rail S S S S S S 5
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 13, Non-metallic minerals nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S S
Truck3 S S S S S S 28
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 10
Private Truck S S S S S S 28
Rail S S S S S S 5
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 720

SCTG 14, Metallic ores and concentrates

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,306 100.0 1,569 100.0 598 100.0 306
Single modes 1,003 76.8 1,379 87.9 S S 291
Truck3 424 32.5 473 30.2 118 19.8 270
For-hire Truck 421 32.2 472 30.1 118 19.8 306
Private Truck S S S S S S S
Rail S S S S S S 319
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,985
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 704
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail S S S S S S 704
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,358

SCTG 15, Coal

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 346 100.0 16,032 100.0 2,558 100.0 141
Single modes 346 100.0 16,032 100.0 2,558 100.0 141
Truck3
For-hire Truck
Private Truck
Rail 223 64.4 10,521 65.6 1,087 42.5 103
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 17, Gasoline and aviation turbine fuel

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,078 100.0 6,140 100.0 566 100.0 100
Single modes 2,054 98.8 6,081 99.0 562 99.3 101
Truck3 2,054 98.8 6,081 99.0 562 99.3 101
For-hire Truck 584 28.1 1,660 27.0 223 39.4 145
Private Truck 1,469 70.7 4,421 72.0 339 59.9 85
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 61

SCTG 18, Fuel oils

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 665 100.0 2,628 100.0 311 100.0 126
Single modes 664 99.9 2,626 99.9 311 99.9 126
Truck3 664 99.9 2,626 99.9 311 99.9 126
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 309
Private Truck 429 64.5 1,755 66.8 171 55.1 75
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 76

SCTG 19, Coal and petroleum products, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 426 100.0 S S S S S
Single modes 393 92.2 S S S S 28
Truck3 393 92.2 S S S S 27
For-hire Truck S S S S S S S
Private Truck 284 66.5 S S S S 31
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 618
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,664
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,664
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 10

SCTG 20, Basic chemicals

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S 2,104 100.0 493 100.0 S
Single modes S S 2,023 96.1 474 96.0 S
Truck3 S S 1,829 87.0 S S S
For-hire Truck S S 629 29.9 S S S
Private Truck S S S S S S S
Rail 3 0.2 121 5.8 112 22.7 924
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,854
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,632
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,590
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,898
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 21, Pharmaceutical products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,589 100.0 S S S S 1,053
Single modes 1,591 61.4 S S S S S
Truck3 1,591 61.4 S S S S S
For-hire Truck 1,503 58.0 S S S S 645
Private Truck S S S S S S S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 999 38.6 9 2.1 S S 1,148
Parcel, USPS or courier 999 38.6 9 2.1 S S 1,148
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 22, Fertilizers

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 8
Single modes S S S S S S 8
Truck3 S S S S S S 13
For-hire Truck S S S S S S S
Private Truck S S S S S S 15
Rail S S S S S S 7
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 4

SCTG 23, Chemical products and preparations, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 246
Single modes S S S S S S 165
Truck3 S S S S S S 186
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 618
Private Truck S S S S S S 17
Rail S S S S S S 5
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,921
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 431
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 421
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 3,052
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 11

SCTG 24, Plastics and rubber

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,266 100.0 455 100.0 216 100.0 339
Single modes 1,046 82.6 434 95.4 S S 177
Truck3 1,030 81.4 434 95.3 S S 161
For-hire Truck 565 44.6 187 41.2 144 66.8 718
Private Truck 466 36.8 246 54.1 S S 45
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S 1 0.2 2,075
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 170 13.4 14 3.0 12 5.5 528
Parcel, USPS or courier 170 13.4 13 2.9 12 5.4 526
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 2,962
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 25, Logs and other wood in the rough

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes
Single modes
Truck3
For-hire Truck
Private Truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 26, Wood products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,366 100.0 2,313 100.0 367 100.0 113
Single modes 1,363 99.8 2,310 99.9 366 99.9 113
Truck3 1,363 99.8 2,310 99.9 366 99.9 113
For-hire Truck 667 48.8 983 42.5 275 75.0 284
Private Truck 694 50.8 S S S S 71
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 3,120
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 203
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 203
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 70

SCTG 27, Pulp, newsprint, paper, and paper board

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 730 100.0 912 100.0 S S S
Single modes 718 98.4 895 98.2 S S S
Truck3 587 80.3 609 66.8 158 41.8 S
For-hire Truck 252 34.6 390 42.8 151 39.9 360
Private Truck S S S S S S S
Rail S S S S S S 779
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 2,179
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,117
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,117
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 12

SCTG 28, Paper or paper board articles

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 654 100.0 737 100.0 S S S
Single modes 611 93.4 710 96.3 S S S
Truck3 609 93.2 709 96.3 S S S
For-hire Truck 315 48.2 S S S S 361
Private Truck 294 45.0 224 30.5 8 1.9 43
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,590
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 571
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 545
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 2,972
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 27 4.1 22 3.0 S S 193

SCTG 29, Printed products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 808 100.0 S S 20 100.0 366
Single modes 650 80.4 S S 17 81.6 S
Truck3 649 80.3 S S 17 81.3 S
For-hire Truck S S 16 10.6 14 70.1 483
Private Truck 458 56.7 S S S S 13
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 0.3 1,647
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 875
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 875
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S 0.9 S

SCTG 30, Textiles, leather,and articles of textiles or leather

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,433 100.0 202 100.0 90 100.0 1,104
Single modes 750 52.3 161 79.8 41 46.3 S
Truck3 750 52.3 161 79.8 41 46.3 S
For-hire Truck 318 22.2 47 23.4 28 31.0 589
Private Truck 432 30.2 114 56.5 14 15.3 S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,407
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,410
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,410
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 59 4.1 7 3.6 S S S

SCTG 31, Nonmetallic mineral products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,205 100.0 7,362 100.0 504 100.0 342
Single modes 1,153 95.7 7,294 99.1 467 92.6 93
Truck3 1,153 95.7 7,294 99.1 467 92.6 93
For-hire Truck 411 34.1 4,104 55.7 324 64.4 136
Private Truck 718 59.6 3,160 42.9 93 18.4 S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,513
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,513
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 18 1.5 S S S S 729

SCTG 32, Base metal in primary or semifinished forms and in finished basic shapes

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 3,989 100.0 2,807 100.0 1,352 100.0 S
Single modes 3,641 91.3 2,634 93.9 1,329 98.3 S
Truck3 2,442 61.2 1,722 61.4 627 46.4 S
For-hire Truck 2,000 50.1 1,198 42.7 575 42.5 401
Private Truck 442 11.1 524 18.7 S S 24
Rail 1,132 28.4 904 32.2 698 51.6 782
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,495
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S 547
Truck and rail S S S S S S 2,154
Truck and water S S S S S S 3,041
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 250 6.3 164 5.8 7 0.5 S

SCTG 33, Articles of base metal

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,351 100.0 949 100.0 355 100.0 S
Single modes 1,909 81.2 912 96.1 352 99.1 S
Truck3 1,898 80.8 909 95.9 352 99.1 S
For-hire Truck 1,115 47.4 569 59.9 327 91.9 613
Private Truck 784 33.3 341 35.9 S S S
Rail S S S S S S 12
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,671
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S 4 0.4 2 0.6 477
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 4 0.4 2 0.6 477
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 34, Machinery

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 5,099 100.0 1,680 100.0 223 100.0 438
Single modes 3,985 78.1 1,665 99.1 214 96.0 S
Truck3 3,782 74.2 1,663 99.0 210 94.4 S
For-hire Truck 2,396 47.0 605 36.0 159 71.5 523
Private Truck 1,386 27.2 S S S S S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 3 0.1 4 1.6 2,258
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 988 19.4 12 0.7 8 3.5 787
Parcel, USPS or courier 987 19.3 12 0.7 8 3.5 795
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 1
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 53

SCTG 35, Electronic and other electrical equipment and components and office equipment

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 31,424 100.0 490 100.0 386 100.0 1,125
Single modes 21,238 67.6 421 85.9 320 83.0 978
Truck3 6,458 20.6 388 79.1 256 66.4 488
For-hire Truck 5,106 16.2 251 51.1 252 65.4 1,022
Private Truck 1,352 4.3 137 28.0 4 1.0 17
Rail S S S S S S 1,841
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 14,754 47.0 33 6.8 64 16.5 1,787
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 9,126 29.0 51 10.3 59 15.3 1,334
Parcel, USPS or courier 9,126 29.0 51 10.3 59 15.3 1,334
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S 18 3.8 S S S

SCTG 36, Motorized and other vehicles (including parts)

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,000 100.0 S S 147 100.0 S
Single modes 1,639 81.9 S S 143 97.4 S
Truck3 1,621 81.0 S S 142 96.6 S
For-hire Truck 814 40.7 S S 113 77.1 S
Private Truck 807 40.3 S S 29 19.5 31
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,848
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S S
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 1,795
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 47 2.3 4 0.8 S S S

SCTG 37, Transportation equipment, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 3,841 100.0 18 100.0 21 100.0 1,458
Single modes 2,959 77.0 16 92.8 19 91.7 1,493
Truck3 1,442 37.5 11 60.8 9 42.5 670
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 1,120
Private Truck S S S S S S 178
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 1,518 39.5 6 32.0 10 49.2 2,021
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 880 22.9 1 7.2 2 8.3 1,397
Parcel, USPS or courier 880 22.9 1 7.2 2 8.3 1,397
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 23

SCTG 38, Precision instruments and apparatus

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,517 100.0 2 100.0 3 100.0 758
Single modes 349 23.0 19.4 S S S
Truck3 S S 12.6 S S S
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 1,496
Private Truck S S S S S S S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,201
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S 2 80.2 S S 1,045
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 2 80.2 S S 1,045
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 39, Furniture, mattresses and mattress supports, lamps, lighting fittings

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 760 100.0 153 100.0 55 100.0 209
Single modes 745 98.0 150 98.3 49 89.5 187
Truck3 745 98.0 150 98.3 49 89.5 186
For-hire Truck 342 45.0 100 65.9 46 83.5 710
Private Truck S S 49 32.4 S S 48
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,919
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 0.3 S S 409
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 3,011
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 54

SCTG 40, Miscellaneous manufactured products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 4,919 100.0 530 100.0 151 100.0 1,035
Single modes 4,410 89.7 519 98.0 141 93.3 394
Truck3 4,078 82.9 518 97.7 138 91.0 298
For-hire Truck 3,319 67.5 361 68.1 128 84.3 970
Private Truck 759 15.4 S S 10 6.7 34
Rail
Water S S S S S S 1
Shallow draft S S S S S S 1
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,061
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 455 9.3 6 1.1 7 4.6 1,463
Parcel, USPS or courier 455 9.3 6 1.1 7 4.5 1,461
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 2,924
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,119

SCTG 41, Waste and scrap

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S 1,403 100.0 S S S
Single modes S S 1,403 100.0 S S S
Truck3 S S 1,222 87.1 S S S
For-hire Truck S S 1,087 77.4 S S S
Private Truck S S S S S S 9
Rail S S S S S S 490
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 43, Mixed freight

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 27,455 100.0 S S S S S
Single modes 26,932 98.1 S S S S 98
Truck3 26,932 98.1 S S S S 98
For-hire Truck S S S S S S S
Private Truck 13,449 49.0 4,857 33.2 572 22.9 67
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,854
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,072
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,067
Truck and rail S S S S S S 136
Truck and water S S S S S S 3,255
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

Commodity unknown

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 110 100.0 34 100.0 3 100.0 242
Single modes 106 96.3 33 99.5 3 98.2 S
Truck3 68 62.0 33 99.3 3 94.4 66
For-hire Truck S S S S 2 72.2 303
Private Truck 43 38.7 20 59.4 1 22.2 S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,141
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 4 3.7 S S S S 793
Parcel, USPS or courier 4 3.7 S S S S 793
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 7

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 Estimates exclude shipments of crude petroleum (SCTG 16).
3 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private truck, only for-hire truck, or a combination of private tuck and for-hire truck.
4 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs. Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.